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Transcript of Holocaust Presentation
Great destruction resulting in the extensive loss of life, especially by fire
Greek word that means burnt whole or consumed by fire
- 6 million Jews
1.5 million children under 12
- “Other Undesirables”
11 MILLION KILLED Adolf Hitler
3 Steps to Genocide
2. The Ghettos (Isolation)
3. The Final Solution DISCRIMINATION
- Boycotts, Nuremberg Laws, Kristallnact 2nd Step: The Ghettos (Not only segregated but also isolated)
Ghettos – poor, rundown, and enclosed parts of cities.
- Overcrowding, disease, unsanitary conditions, little food or education
- Some Jews tried to continue as normal, running schools, printing newspapers and holding concerts.
3rd Step: The Final Solution – the removal to camps
Labor Camps – doctors would calculate number of calories they needed each day to stay alive
Death Camps (also called concentration camps) – designed for systematic (orderly) murder
Entrance to Auschwitz
“Work will set you free” The Liberation
Allies advancing - German army realised they would be unable to complete the Final Solution.
Death marches, marching the few survivors from one camp to another.
Even when the Allies liberated the camps, those who were left were often too weak and malnourished to pull through, many died.
The survivors were displaced and were frequently refused back into their own homes.
In 1945, 22 Nazi leaders were put on trial in Nuremberg for war crimes.
19 were found guilty and hanged, from evidence they had compiled themselves.
Some fled and were eventually captured and tried for their crimes.
The Commandant of Auschwitz, Rudolf Hess, was hanged on gallows erected just outside the concentration camp in which he killed over a million.