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Albert Einstein Presentation

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Antonache Emanuel Adrian

on 20 December 2014

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Transcript of Albert Einstein Presentation

Albert Einstein, a German-born theoretical physicist best known for his Special and General Theory of Relativity and the famous equation, E = mc2, received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect” and he made some essential contributions to the early development of quantum theory. He was named "Person of the Century" by Time magazine in 1999, the fourth most admired person of the 20th Century according to a 1999 Gallup poll, and “the greatest scientist of the twentieth century and one of the supreme intellects of all time” according to “The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History” in 1978.
Einstein's Contribution to Mathematics
How did Einstein contribute to science?
Einstein believed that there where flaws in the laws of physics. Which lead him to create/conclude his findings with the theory of relativity that included gravitation as a determiner of the curvature of a space-time continuum.
He wrote the theory on the photoelectric effect which "refers to the emission, or ejection, of electrons from the surface of, generally, a metal in response to incident light."
He investigated the Brownian theory, or "the erratic random movement of microscopic particles in a fluid, as a result of continuous bombardment from molecules of the surrounding medium."
Career
1905-1911

In 1908, Einstein was appointed Privatdozent in Berne.
"In 1909, he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich
in 1911, Professor of Theoretical Physics at Prague.
Albert Einstein
(1879-1955)

2 slides background
1 slide career
5 slides contribution
1 slide why it is important
Synopsis

Early Life
"Einstein, in 1905 mathematically proved the existence of atoms, and thus helped revolutionize all the sciences through the use of statistics and probability."
He predicted the Bose-Einstein, one of two possible ways in which a collection of non-interacting indistinguishable particles may occupy a set of available discrete energy states, at thermodynamic equilibrium on the basis of the quantum formulations of the Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose.
Why are his findings important to us?
Einsteins findings help generate a new era of discovery and knowledge for the world of physics itself. Einstein's theory of relativity helped us with knowledge on how the universe works. He also introduced the equivalence of gravitation and inertia to the science community.
1879-Albert Einstein was born on March 14th in Ulm, Germany
1884- He was given private lessons as preparation for school;His father showed him a compass which fascinated him very much (the first “wonder”).
1885- He attended Petersschule, a catholic elementary school in Munich. At home he was given lessons in Jewish religion and started to learn the violin.
1888-He was accepted into Luitpold-Gymnasium (grammar school)
1891-Einstein got to know the “holy geometry book”, whose content “impressed him very much” (the second “wonder”). With the help of a teacher and a Rabbi, Albert prepares to become a “Bar-Mizwa” - a full member of the Jewish community.
1892-He did not go to his “Bar-Mizwa” because he started to become a freethinker.
1894-Due to reasons at work, Hermann Einstein, his wife and his daughter moved to Italy - first to Milan, then to Pavia and finally back to Milan again. Albert stayed with relatives in Munich to finish school then left Luitpold-Gymnasium without a degree in December to follow his family to Milan.
1895- Albert did not pass the entrance examination for the Polytechnic Academy in Zurich and attends the trade department of the school in Aarau to make up for the school leaving examination. He writes his first scientific work, but it is not published.
1896- Albert Einstein gave up the Wurttemberg and his German citizenship with the approval of his father. For the following 5 years he was stateless. At the beginning of October he passed his Matura (general qualification for university entrance) in Aarau and began to study at the Polytechnic Academy in Zurich
1898- In October Albert successfully passed his intermediate testing for the diploma.
Einstein's Career
1914-1955
"In 1914, he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin."
In the year of 1915, Einstein finished his general theory of relativity.
In 1921, he championed the fledging german governments and other liberal causes.
In 1933, Einstein left the University of Berlin and joined The Institute for Advanced Study which he stayed loyal to until his death in 1955
College Days
1896- In October, Einstein enrolled in the Zurich, Switzerland Polytechnic Academy.
"He was at last admitted to Zurich Polytechnic as a student of mathematics and physics.(Page 3: paragraph 3)
1900- He graduated the Zurich Polytechnic Academy.
Albert Einstein in Brief." Albert Einstein in Brief. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. <http://
aip.org/history/einstein/inbrief.htm>.
"Albert Einstein." Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 14 Dec.
2014.<http://www.biography.com/people/albert-
einstein-9285408#synopsis>.
"Albert Einstein’s Inventions." Albert Einstein’s Inventions. Web. 14 Dec. 2014.
<http://www.universetoday.com/78558/albert-einsteins-inventions/>.
"Albert Einstein and the Most Elemental Atomic Theory." ANS Nuclear Cafe.
Web. 14 Dec. 2014. <http://ansnuclearcafe.org/2012/03/20/albert-einstein-
and-the-most-elemental-atomic-theory/>.
"Albert Einstein." Infoplease. Infoplease. Web. 14 Dec. 2014. <http://
www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/people/einstein-albert-major-contributions-to-science.html>.
Ghosh, Anurag. "Facts About Albert Einstein: Fun and Interesting Facts on
Einstein's Life, Achievements, and Contributions to the Field of Physics."
Bright Hub. RC Davison, 30 Oct. 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2014.
Küpper, Hans-Josef. "Chronology of Einstein's Life." Chronology of
Einstein's Life. D-51145 Cologne / Germany, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014.
Whitrow, G. J. "Early Years and First Achievements." Einstein, the Man and His Achievement,. New York: Dover Publications, 1973. Print.
When Einstein moved to the US, he was asked for help in the first atomic bomb, which was later designed and created by Einstein and other scientists.
Einstein won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1921 for his services to theoretical physics.
Works Cited
Einstein's Theory of Relativity
Early Life (Continued)
Full transcript