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Genetically Modified Food

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Annelise Roberts

on 25 November 2016

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Transcript of Genetically Modified Food

Genetically Modified Food
Regulation of GM Foods
All genetically modified food, available in Australia, must comply with the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code, including the products containing GM ingredients.
GM foods and ingredients are subject to mandatory pre-market safety assessment by the government food regulator called Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ), before they enter the country for human consumption.
What is Genetically Modified Food
Genetically Modified Food (or GM Food) is when food has had the genetic make-up altered and changed, this can be achieved through transferring properties of a single gene from one organism to another.
Existing GM Foods in Australia
The GM Foods that are grown in Australia with approval from the appropriate authorities include canola and cotton. GM canola is grown resistant to certain types of herbicide and GM cotton has been modified to be resistant to certain types of cotton pests.
Sources of GM Food
The main sources of GM foods in Australia are:
Imported GM soya- chocolate, potato chips, margarine, mayonnaise, biscuits and bread.
Imported GM sugar beet – used to produce sugar
Imported GM corn- breakfast cereals, bread, corn chips and gravy mix
There are currently no approved imports of fresh GM fruit or vegetables in Australia, if so it would have to go through a strict approval process

Regulation of GM Foods
GM foods and ingredients are regulated in the Code under the Standard 1.5.2-Food produced using gene technology, The FSANZ assessment investigates:
nutritional content
toxicity
tendency to provoke any allergic reaction
stability of the inserted genetic material
if there is any nutritional deficit or change in food or ingredient
any other unintended effects of the insertion
A GM food will only be approved for sale if it has been assessed as being safe and nutritious
Regulation of GM Crops
The regulation of GM crops is the responsibility of both the Commonwealth and State Governments. All work related to GM organisms must be approved by the Commonwealth Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR), which carries out thorough risk assessments on any applications for work on the GM organisms
How Has GM Foods Affected the Australian Food Industry?
GM foods has greatly affected the Australian Food Industry in both positive and negative ways and many people have many different opinions on them.

Positive Impacts:
Creating plants better resistant to weeds, pest and other diseases
Foods with better texture, flavor, nutritional value and longer shelf life

How Has GM Foods Affected the Australian Food Industry?
Negative Impacts:
People have refused to eat as they were not sure what they were feeding their children
Could cause liver problems and affect reproduction and the immune system
Organic farming is going out of business because of the GM industry
It has been accused of causing cancer and destroying the environment.
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