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Transcript of Queen Kapiolani
Who Am I?
Esther (Julia) Kapiolani
Kuhio Kalanianaole married Kinoiki Kekaulike and she gave birth the Esther Kapiolani Napelakapuokakae in Hilo in 1834. Esther Kapiolani was named after two very significant people. The "Esther" part of her name was derived from the great Queen Esther of the bible, while the "Kapiolani" part of her name came from her Chiefess Kapiolani who was cousin to both Kiwalao and Kamehameha 1; Kapiolani means rainbow or heavenly arch. Kapiolani had two husbands, Benjamin Nāmākēhāokalani and David Kalakaua.
David Kalakaua was born in 1836 to Caesar Kaluaiku Kapaakea and Analea Keohokālole. He was two years older than Kapiolani and married her, making her Queen of Hawaii in 1874, three years after she was widowed.
Kapiolani was a gentle Queen whose main concern was the well being of the people. While she was Queen of Hawaii she often traveled throughout the islands to make sure her people were a live and well. She and her husband both believed that the Hawaiian government should consist of Hawaiian people not white (haole) people. Kalakaua's predecessor (King Lunalilo) had the Hawaiian government filled with foreign people and Kalakaua hoped to change that.
Queen Esther Kapiolani died on June 24, 1899, in Waikiki. She had been suffering from an illness for a while, which had left her unconscious for three days. However, before she died she left a lasting legacy. While she was alive she established what is now called Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children. After her death and in remembrance of it, Queen Kapiolani Hotel and Kapiolani Community College were founded.
In attempt to change the government of Hawaii, Kalakaua often dissolved and reselected his cabinet members. This infuriated the haoles who wanted Hawaiian government to reform to the government of America. Because there were still haoles with power there were many disputes among the Alii. Also, the business market - that was run by haoles - went against the King. These disputes eventually led to the rebellion of 1887 where Kalakaua was forced to sign a constitution leaving him basically powerless.
Kaumualii was the last king of Kauai before it willingly became part of the Hawaiian islands united by King Kamehameha the Great. Kaumualii had three main wives and three main children. His wives were, Kawalu (his half sister), Kaapuwai Kapuaamoku (his niece) and Kaahumanu (Kamehameha 1's widow). His sons (by marriage or blood) were, George Kaumualii Humehume, Kealiihonui, and Kuhio Kalanianaole. When Kaumualii died his son George tried to re-establish Kauai's independence, but failed. Kealiihonui was forced to marry Kaahumanu, who later turned to Christianity leaving him.
Benjamin Nāmākēhāokalani was the son of Kamaunu and Kukaeleike and uncle to Emma (Queen Emma). Kapiolani was 35 years younger than Benjamin. In 1860 Benjamin died leaving Kapiolani a widow.
King Kalakaua loved Queen Kapiolani very much. In effort to express his love for her he named a 500 acre park after her. Today this park is known as Kapiolani Regional Park and houses very famous places such as diamond head and the Honolulu Zoo. The Park is also home to many very old banyan trees, and the Kapiolani (Waikiki) bandstand.