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Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Theory of Natural Human

TOK Presentation

Chandrika Ayyalasomayajula

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Theory of Natural Human

Problems of Knowledge The social contract Linking Ideas Ways of Knowing Rousseau relied heavily on reason Jean Jacques Rousseau The Natural Human Expansion on the Natural Law Life Jean Jacques Rousseau was born in 1712 in Geneva to a middle class family He had an unhappy childhood- his mom died days after his birth, his brother ran away from home when he was still a kid, his dad remarried and he was sent away to boarding school by an uncle who didn't love him He didn't have any higher education- he dropped out after roughly 7 years in school. He wandered around, doing various things. When he was 20, he worked as a steward to a rich household, but was also a lover for the lady, De Warens. He was often confused by her demands and their relationship. De Waren's influence De Warens was an affluent member of society. Not only did she take him in as a lover, she introduced him to the world of literature and higher thinking. At the age of 27, he paid back De Waren's "debt" and went off to start a life of his own. Major papers Rousseau was a man of the 1700's, when science was still relatively new. His perception of science may, and probably was different from the way we look at science The idea of God creating nature was very much prevalent back in the 1700's. With the Catholic church still having some influence, the idea of nature might have been distorted by religion. He believed that because man used sense perception when dealing with the sciences. Thus, his mind got corrupted. By using reason, man would be able to"go back to his roots", and become a better person. Belief: The idea of the natural human is solely dependent on the person's definition of natural. •A Discourse on the Sciences and Arts
•A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
•The Social Contract
•The Emile The End. There was also bias in his statement as Rousseau grew up disliking the sciences and arts; he's now inclined to believe that they hinder the mind's development. By: Alisha and Chandrika Experience: Not everyone doesn't like science. Some people devote their lives to it. Their perception on Rousseau's theories mught be different. A Discourse on the Sciences and Arts We were happier before we started studying sciences and arts Problems of knowledge con't the two discourses were written in response to a question his university posed as a contest. Rousseau worded it so that it would appeal to judges and the public. http://philosophyofscienceportal.blogspot.ca/2010/04/academic-ethics-integrity-of-science.html Sciences and arts have led to the corruption of mankind and our virtues
Takes away time from what's important (knowledge ≠ better people) The (relative) present... 1762 A discourse on the origin of inequality first we must look at our state of nature two types of inequalities: natural, unnatural. Inequality in state of nature- purely physical.
Inequality in society- laws and property; corrupted, unnatural. "Men are born free, yet everywhere are in chains" criticizes his society (resulting in the banning of the book) introduces general will: the will of all citizens radical idea in Rousseau's time The Emile or on Education criticizes education system of France
creates entire new system of teaching :
child- play
teen- studies only what he wants to
older teen- religion by discovery, not by studying
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