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Transcript of Religion: Hinduism
How many people practice world-wide?
Approximately 860 million people in the world practice Hinduism.
Where does it rank in number of followers compared to other religions?
Hinduism ranks the world's 3rd largest most followed religion, behind Christianity and Islam.
Is the religion growing or shrinking in number of followers?
Hinduism is growing by the number of people born into the religion, but not by the virtue of beliefs.
How do people become a follower/member (adherent) of the religion?
Where did the religion originate (hearth)?
What are the central beliefs of the religion? Describe. Use text, diagrams, illustrations and symbols to help illustrate beliefs.
What roles did expansion and relocation diffusion play?
Where in the world is the religion practiced? -(place on world map)
Why and how did the religion spread where it did?
What area of the world is it growing the most?
Discuss if the core area of the religion is still in the hearth area.
Explain the change if there is a change and why it changed?
What is the religious category of the religion?
Why is it classified this way?
Cultural Interaction in Religion
How does the religion impact other aspects of culture?
How does the religious faith influence the economic, social, dietary and political decisions?
What is the relationship between the religion and the natural habitat?
In what forms does religion appear in the cultural landscape?
How does this religion help guide modifications of the environment and shape the perception of nature?
Religious structures, landscapes of the dead, sacred space and religious names on the land (place names/toponyms).
Religious symbols, places of worship (i.e. churches, temples), where and how are the dead buried, does the religion have an impact on the layout of homes, communities, towns and political structures.
It's origin is unknown, but some of it's oldest artifacts, culture, and ideas were from the Hindu river that flows in northwest India into Pakistan
Hinduism cannot be confined into one category.
Unlike other religions, Hinduism is a way of life.
Hinduism has been involved in many religious conflicts, most notably with Islam, placing the nation at odds with Pakistan.
-Christians in India are being persecuted by Hindus.
-In the Island of Sri Lanka, Hindu Tamils are in conflict with Buddhist Sinhalese.
-(dietary) Hinduism restricts the consumption of both pork and beef. Thus they are vegetarian.
-(political, economic, and social) the caste system dictates the type of occupations a person can pursue and the social interactions that he or she may have.
Brahmana (now more commonly spelled Brahmin): Consist of those engaged in scriptural education and teaching, essential for the continuation of knowledge.
Kshatriya: Take on all forms of public service, including administration, maintenance of law and order, and defense.
Vaishya: Engage in commercial activity as businessmen.
Shudra: Work as semi-skilled and unskilled laborers.
Harijan, or "children of God.: the Untouchables
Aspects of Hinduism can be traced to the Indus Valley Civilization.
Benares:- is the most sacred among the holy places. Also known as Varanasi and Kashi, it is the city of Shiva, having over two thousand temples and over half a million idols, most of them dedicated to Shiva and his family. It is situated on the banks of the holy river Ganga. Emphasizes the permanence of death.
Mathura:- on the banks of Jamuna, near Agra, is the birth place of Krishna. Mathura represents the religion of the living.
Dwaraka:- in Gujarat is another important shrine. It was the capital of Krishna’s kingdom and has some very important temples devoted to him. The city is located on the Western coast of India.
Puri:- in Orissa has the Jagannath temple which attracts pilgrims from all over India. It has an idol considered to be a manifestation of Krishna. The temple, containing idols of Balarama and Subhadra (sister of Krishna), is on the Eastern corner of India.
Rameswaram:- from where Rama is said to have launched his attack on Lanka is in the extreme south of India. Rama is said to have installed a Shiva lingam here; hence the place is sacred to both Shaivas (Shiva worshipers) and Vaishnavas (Vishnu worshipers).
Gaya:- on the Ganges, once a stronghold of the Buddhists, is for the Hindus connected with the death ceremonies of ancestors for which they visit the place. After the rituals are performed at Gaya the soul of the dead is supposed to attain salvation.
Ujjain:- It is called the navel of earth. It has the famous temples of Ganesha and Kal-Bhairav. During the time of Vikramaditya it used to be the capital of India. Two parts of the Skanda-Purana were said to have been written here.
Haridwar:- It is another very important holy city of India. It is at the foothills of the Himalayas and is the place where the Ganga enters the plains. It is also called the ‘gateway of the Ganga’.
Amongst Orthodox Hindus, there are many variations of the funeral rites, depending on region and social stratum. A religious minded person approaching death would wish to pass his last moments on earth in the holy city Varanasi on the banks of the sacred Ganga river as it is said that a person dying on its banks will be delivered from all sins. For a ordinary Hindu funeral the dead body is bathed with Ganga water, perfumed, wrapped in white cloth (red for women) and carried to the cremation site on a wooden stretcher-like structure, to the accompaniment of the chanting of the words ‘Ram Nam Satya Hal’ (Rama is Truth). In the case of some kings, feudal lords and sadhus, the body is taken out on the ‘stretcher’ in a sitting.
An individual must accept his/her duties and live by the religious guidance of the Vedic scriptures. Although the teachings of the Hindu tradition does not require him/her to have affiliation to Hinduism in order to receive its inner teachings. It's helpful since it provides a connection to the “world's oldest continually existing enlightenment tradition."
Hindus believe it is up to the individual to decide the best way to worship God. Various paths to reach God include the path of knowledge, renunciation, devotion, and actions. You can follow other religions as long as your in harmony of your true nature, but you are responsible for your own actions.
Hindus are very concerned with the relationship between humanity and the environment. Karma teaches that resources in the world become scarce because people use them for their own ends.
-Trees are respected because they represent the foundation of life and that everything has an atman (soul).
-Cows are another sacred beings that slaughtering them is banned, and if they were to not produce milk then they are retired and sent to goshallas.
People should use the world unselfishly in order to maintain natural balance and to repay God for the gifts he has given. Basically, meaning everything in the world is divine and must be worshiped.
Indian influence factors brought in a cultural unity to the various Middle Eastern and Asian regions. In which, the religion came about through transmitted direct contact through sacred texts and Indian literature such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
It's mostly clustered in India, and the neighboring country Nepal. Although, 97% are in India and the other 3% are within Nepal.
Through migration, trade routes, and cultural exchange. It first began in the Indus Valley then spread throughout the rest of India, and later into countries such as Indonesia.
Other than India another country currently observed to be growing rapidly of people following the Hindu faith is in Australia because it has grown exponentially.
The hearth is still within India.
Hinduism has always separated itself from other religions. And it hasn't changed much over time. Although followers have added their changes, but the sacred book and details still remain the same.