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The Argument Essay

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on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of The Argument Essay

Define:

Narcissism
Social media
Egotism
Empathy
The Argument: Is Facebook Making Us Narcissistic?
1. Take the Narcissistic Personality Inventory.

2. Share your results with a partner.

3. Discuss: Do you think social media is making people narcissistic?
What's Your Score?
What IS the issue?

Here's where you start your introduction.

Write 1 or 2 sentences to introduce the issue to your readers.
1: Present the Issue

The Argument: Choose a side.
Is social media making people narcissistic?

Write a paragraph stating your YES or NO answer and why you think that way.
The Argument Essay
Social Media and Narcissism
1. Present the issue.

2. Make your case.

3. Establish a thesis.
The Introduction
1: Present Your Case
The first
one or two sentences
of your argument essay should present the issue to your reader.

The reader wants to know: What am I reading about?
2: Make Your Case
You feel one way about this issue.

Introduce the reader to your thoughts without using personal pronouns like "I," "we," "my," and "us."

Is social media making people more narcissistic, or should we be looking at the situation in a different way?

3: Your Thesis
A
thesis
is a statement that can be argued.
Come up with 2 solid reasons to defend your opinion as to whether social media makes people narcissistic.
Sentence structure: Social media does or does not make people narcissistic

Your 2 reasons defending your position
The Thesis Formula
Subject ----------------------------> Social Media

+ Position on Subject ---------> Does / does not make people narcissistic

+ Reason for Position ---------> Two reasons

= Thesis
Example:

Dogs make good pets because they are loyal and fun.

"While some people became violent and selfish after witnessing horrible sights in the Concentration Camps, Elie Wiesel escaped this fate. He is a generous and caring person who has dedicated his life to helping people."
The Thesis Formula
Subject

+ position on subject

+ 2 reasons for position

= thesis
Dogs make good pets because they are loyal and fun.


Can you figure out what the prompt was for this essay?

What is the author's subject?

Position?

What are the 2 reasons?
The Format of the Argument Essay
Introduction
1st Reason
2nd Reason
Counterclaim
Conclusion
The Body Paragraphs
The first two body paragraphs in the argument essay should refer to your thesis.

The "dog" thesis was:
Dogs make good pets because they are loyal and fun.
The Body Paragraphs
My reasoning is that dogs make good pets because they are loyal and fun.

My first body paragraph will support my claim that dogs are loyal. The word
"loyal"
should appear in the topic sentence.

My second body paragraph will support my claim that dogs are fun. The word
"fun"
should appear in the topic sentence.
The Body Paragraphs
Remember, you MUST include textual evidence from at least
two sources.
Use the 3 New York Times sources you already have.

The first body two body paragraphs are good places to do that.
The Third Body Paragraph
This is where the essay changes a bit.

You've been defending your claim that social media does or does not make people narcissistic.

As a writer, you need to recognize and acknowledge the other side of the debate.

This gives you credibility. Recognizing the other side shows you have considered both points of view before establishing your own.
The Third Body Paragraph
Respond to the opposing viewpoint in this paragraph.

For the dog essay, I might start a counterclaim like this:

Some might argue that dogs are needy and messy and make terrible pets.
The Third Body Paragraph, or "Counterclaim"
Some might argue that dogs are needy and messy and make terrible pets.

My job as a writer is to refute this claim.

In other words, I need to write persuasively so that my audience sees that having a loyal and fun dog as a pet far outweighs a position that dogs are needy and messy.
The Counterclaim
Your job in the counterclaim is to recognize an opposing point of view.

Then convince the audience that your opinion is the "correct" one.

Be sure to end this paragraph with a strong
clincher
. Remind your audience of your claim with a statement of impact.


1. "Some might argue..."
2. (Claim from the opposite side)...
3. Repeat your original claim
4. Proof or personal experience
Restate your thesis

Review your main points

Finish with a line that your reader will remember
The Conclusion
Restate your thesis.

The first sentence is a combination of the prompt and your thesis.

For example, the first sentence of the conclusion about the dog essay might look like this:

People considering dogs as pets should understand that canines are loyal and fun.
The Conclusion
Review your main points.

Briefly highlight your main points in the sentences that follow.

People considering dogs as pets should consider that canines are loyal and fun.

There is no better feeling than having a dog waiting for you to come home.

Canines make great exercise companions and will take a walk in the neighborhood or a run on the beach.
The Conclusion
Lastly, write a line that will linger. This line sums up the entire essay and should have some impact on your reader.


People considering dogs as pets should understand that canines are loyal and fun. There is no better feeling than having a dog waiting for you to come home. Canines make great exercise companions and will take a walk in the neighborhood or a run on the beach.
A dog is like a friend who always wants to be by your side to make your day better.
Social Media and Narcissism: Conclusion
Restate your thesis

Words or phrases that may appear:

Narcissism, social media, empathy, egotism

Review your main points

Refer to your thesis and/or first 2 body paragraphs

Finish with a line that your reader will remember.

The essay comes down to this; make it count!
Full transcript