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Anth111.101 Global SPR2016

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Julie Jenkins

on 13 September 2017

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Transcript of Anth111.101 Global SPR2016

Theorizing the Local & the Global
Global Forces, Local Lives

“refers to the world wide changes that are increasingly integrating and remolding the lives” of people around the world.

“objective and empirical PROCESS of increasing economic and political connectivity, a subjective PROCESS of unfolding in consciousness as the collective awareness of growing global interconnectedness, and of specific globalizing projects that seek to shape global conditions.”
When did Globalization begin?
1400s-
development of more intensive global trade
1400-1800- “European Expansion”
Industrial Revolution & Colonialism- 1700s-1900s
Because of increased contact and movement of peoples, objects, and ideas and integration in the political sphere, are cultures around the world becoming more similar?
Localization
Process of where ideas & objects spread ‘localized’ into particular social structures and cultural systems of meaning.
What comes to mind when you hear the word globalization?
McDonaldization Theory:

McD's business principles is forming a specific kind of rationality that is spread to other sectors of life
-Efficient
-Calculable (fast & inexpensive to produce)
-Predictable
-Deskilled labor
But do need to pay attention to terms of change and power relations involved
cultural homogeneity/imperialism/ Westernization/Americanization

--becoming more similar through...
but...people have agency
-not just mindlessly adopting
our culture is also affected by others
Other cultures are influenced by other non-'western' cultures
hybridity-
blending of cultures
but...hybridity assumes the mixing of two 'pure' cultures
--never has existed
--blending upon blending upon blending upon blending....
--regional and long-distance trade
--diffusion of technologies, products & ideas
--Political changes, free trade, technological innovation have increased productivity and efficiency
--Enable competition and connect across vast distances
-- Result: world is ‘flat’- economic and social opportunities are increasingly available to all people regardless of geographical location

But...Globalization is an UNEVEN process
--not everyone has the same opportunities
--income inequality has increased- within nation-states & between nation-states
--Friedman sees 'tradition' as obstacle to 'progress'
--but...'tradition' really symbols/practices that are manipulated to serve present interests/needs
"tourist with an attitude"
Is this true??
historical process with different stages
Silk Road:
206 BC - 220 AD; 618 AD - 970 AD; 13th-14th Centuries
Out of Africa: AMH
200,000 years ago
Prior to 1400:
--recognize transcontinental migration
>14,000 years ago
"Clash of Civilizations"
Samuel Huntington
1993
--Post Cold War, conflict based on 'culture' & religion

--'civilizations' (super-cultures) vs nation states

--Western, Islamic, Latin American, Chinese, Hindu, Japanese, Orthodox, African
Why do civilizations clash?
1. historical, cultural difference
2. increasing interaction
3. Non-Western civilizations want to challenge West and influence world

What are the 7 deadly sins of Huntington?
-Problem with definitions
-stereotyping cultures
-ignoring change
-maligning Islam
-phony scientific methods
-the West is Best
Full transcript