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Louisiana Purchase

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Rachel Welter

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Louisiana Purchase

By Rachel Welter Louisiana Purchase Napoleon Bonaparte was going to establish an empire in North America. Back in 1803 he controlled the Louisiana territory and Haiti. Frances slaves in Haiti rebelled against the French, so France lost control of Haiti. France was fighting a war in Europe, and they were in need of money. They could no longer control and defend so much land without money. Therefore, Napoleon sold Louisiana to America. At the time America wanted to find an easier and more eficient way to get to the west coast. After their war with Great Britain, they've been trying to expand their country. So, they tried to make a deal with France to gain control of New Orleans. Causes of the Louisiana Purchase The purchase of Louisiana, by the American President Thomas Jefferson, was one of the greatest accomplishments America managed in history. It had many short term and long term effects.

Short term effects of the Louisiana Purchase:
1. It doubled the total land space of the country
2. It increased taxes on American citizens
3. America got more and richer farmland
4. America got more powerful

Long term effects of the Louisiana Purchase:
1. Paved way for easy trade along the Mississippi
2. America became more and more greedy
3. It made an easier way to get to the west coast
4. The French had gained the money they needed to win the war in Europe Effects of the Louisiana Purchase Both France and America viewed this as a positive thing. America felt this way, because they doubled the size of their country. They had gained land without any lives lost, or fighting. France still had America as an ally so they sold their land to a country that they can trust. France needed the money to fight the war in Europe so they would not lose their land. Who viewed this as a positive thing France viewed this as a negative thing, because it turned out that they could not control as much land as they hoped. They had to sell their land to America and lost their last way into the new land. America mostly viewed this as a positive, but now they were responsible for even more land and more people and did not want to ruin their new found country. The Indians living in the Louisiana Territory were unhappy, because the Americans made them move. They lost their homes and all their land. Who viewed this as a negative thing The Whole Story (2 of 3) This proclamation by Thomas Jefferson, the President of America at the time, states that America has purchased Louisiana from France on April 30, 1803. This is a primary source because this was an original document from 1803. This map is also a primary source. It is a map from 1803. It shows the different territories at the time and shows the size of America. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sacagawea
http://www.bvdart.com/BVD-GalleryPastelsEast.htm Sources They needed money, however, to fund their expedition. Thomas Jefferson requested $2,500 from congress to fund the trip. They agreed on that price, but the estimated price after was actually about $50,000. Lewis and Clark left from the mouth of the Columbia River in 1804 and returned in 1806 with new information about their newly bought land. They had 31 other explorers with them at the time. Lewis and Clark were the leaders of The Core of Discoveries. The Core of Discoveries was the name of the group they were with. Their expedition began going up the Missouri River. Then, into the Great Plains. That's where they met a young native american girl named Sacagawea who helped Lewis and Clark with their expedition. She joined their team, and traveled thousands of miles with them from North Dakota to the Pacific Ocean. In the spring 1805, the team reached the Rocky Mountains, which ended their hope in finding a north-west passage. Primary sources In 1803 President Thomas Jefferson bought the land between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains from Napoleon Bonaparte, the leader of France at the time. Bonaparte and Jefferson were going to share the land, but American citizens did not agree with that. So, Thomas Jefferson sent James Monroe to France with an offer to buy New Orleans. When James Monroe got there, Napoleon Bonaparte had changed his plans and no longer needed Louisiana. Napoleon needed money to fund France's army in a war in Europe. Thus, Napoleon sold Louisiana for $15 million. After the land was bought and paid for, Thomas Jefferson sent Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore toward the Pacific coast to find a north-west passage to open a new way for trade. The Whole Story (1 of 3) 1.






17. 1. 2. 3. 12. 13. 15. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 12. 3. 5. 6. 7. 12. 3. 4. 5. 6. 12. 3. 12. 3. 7. 12. 17. 3. 4. 5. 6. 12. http://www.history.com/topics/louisiana-purchase/videos#lewis--clark-expedition-charts-new-territory However, the pushed on and went through the mountains and in 1805 they finally reached the Pacific Ocean. Lewis and Clark, in one year, had finally got home. On their journey home they traveled 8,000 miles gathering over 300 species of plants and animals. They also recorded the first accurate map of the vast new land. Even though they did not discover a north-west passage, their expedition paved the way for westward expansion. She helped them with directions and also helped them find food and water to stay alive. She taught them the ways of the land. Sacagawea gave birth to a child on their expedition. She was a very strong woman, and without her, Lewis and Clark surely would have died. After the expedition Sacagawea went back to her tribe and lived out the rest of her life with her husband, Charbonneau. Six years later she died at the age of twenty-four. Whole Story (3 of 3) 1. 2. 3. 12. 13. 14. 16. VIDEO!!!! (The content of this video has been used in "The Whole Story 3 of 3")
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