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Transcript of Conditional Sentences
Ho Chi Minh University of Technology
The zero conditional is used to talk about
things which are always true, scientific facts,
an international date line, the time
Often called the "
" conditional because it
is used for real or possible situations.
These situations take place if a certain condition is met.
It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be
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An action in the future will only happen if a certain condition is fulfilled by that time. We don't know for sure whether the condition actually will be fulfilled or not, but the conditions seems rather realistic – so we think it is likely to happen.
the 8 o’clock train, we
the examination, you
We use conditionals to talk about situations (real or unreal) and probable results or consequences of the these situiations.
Conditionals are made up of two clause:
The IF CLACUSE + The MAIN CLAUSE
When you start a sentence with IF you must a comma "," to separate the clause.
Present simple - modal verb:
Ex: If you behave yourself, you can come.
Present simple - begoing to..
Ex: If you don't work, you're going to fail.
Present simple - imperative
Ex: If you need anything, just ask.
Often called the "
" conditional because it is used for unreal impossible or improbable situations in the present. This conditional provides an
result for a given situation. It is very unlikely that the condition will be fulfilled.
( to be -> were )
Conditional Simple (would + bare infinity)
a bird, ..................
In conditional type 2, we usually use in the if clause
even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it. "were" here is a subjunctive form.
Conditional Sentences Type 2 refer to an action in the present that could happen if the present situation were different.
We don't really expect the situation to change because it is very unlikely.
If I had a lot of money, I would travel around the world.
If I were a millionaire, I would buy a castle.
that the condition will be met because it refers to the past.
(would have + PP)
Refer to unreal situations in the past. They express hypothetical results to past given situations
wouldn't have had
that terrible accident.
tried harder, she
would have been received
a scholarship to study abroad.
Present result of past condition
(would have + PP)
They refer to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present.
They express a situation which is contrary to reality both in the past and in the present
harder at school, I
a better job now.
at the map, we
wouldn't be lost
Past result of present or
They refer to an unreal present situation and its probable (but unreal) past result
would have given
her a drive home last night.
a good cook, I
would have invited
them to lunch..
Thank you for your attention!