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Conditional Sentences

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by

Lành Nguyễn

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences
Zero conditional
Type I
Type II
Type III
Ho Chi Minh University of Technology
Group 3

Mixed Type
Form:
If clause
Main clause
Present Simple
Present Simple
Use:
The zero conditional is used to talk about
things which are always true, scientific facts,
general truths.
If we
boil
water, it
boils
at 100oC.
If you
cross
an international date line, the time
changes
.

Example:
Often called the "
real
" conditional because it
is used for real or possible situations.
These situations take place if a certain condition is met.
It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be
fulfilled.
Form:
1. Nguyen Van Lanh 51201826
2. Tran Lap Duonng 51200652
3. Pham Duc Minh Chau 51200324
4. Nguyen Diep Phuong Linh 51201899
5. Lai Minh Lam 51201837
GROUP 3
Main clause
If Clause
Present tense
Continuous
Simple
.....
Future Simple
Modals verb
Imperative

Use:
An action in the future will only happen if a certain condition is fulfilled by that time. We don't know for sure whether the condition actually will be fulfilled or not, but the conditions seems rather realistic – so we think it is likely to happen.
Example:
If we
take
the 8 o’clock train, we
will arrive
at 12.
If you
finish
the examination, you
can leave
the room.
Introduction:
Conditional Sentences
We use conditionals to talk about situations (real or unreal) and probable results or consequences of the these situiations.
Conditionals are made up of two clause:
The IF CLACUSE + The MAIN CLAUSE
When you start a sentence with IF you must a comma "," to separate the clause.
Present simple - modal verb:
Ex: If you behave yourself, you can come.
Present simple - begoing to..
Ex: If you don't work, you're going to fail.
Present simple - imperative
Ex: If you need anything, just ask.

Often called the "
unreal
" conditional because it is used for unreal impossible or improbable situations in the present. This conditional provides an
imaginary
result for a given situation. It is very unlikely that the condition will be fulfilled.
Form:
Main clause
If Clause
Past Subjunctive*
( to be -> were )
Conditional Simple (would + bare infinity)
Example:
If I
were
a bird, ..................
In conditional type 2, we usually use in the if clause
"were"
instead of
"was"
even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it. "were" here is a subjunctive form.


Use:
Conditional Sentences Type 2 refer to an action in the present that could happen if the present situation were different.
We don't really expect the situation to change because it is very unlikely.
Examples:
If I had a lot of money, I would travel around the world.
If I were a millionaire, I would buy a castle.

It is
impossible
that the condition will be met because it refers to the past.
Form:
Main clause
If Clause
Past Perfect
Conditional Perfect
(would have + PP)
Use:
Refer to unreal situations in the past. They express hypothetical results to past given situations
Example:
If he
had been
careful, he
wouldn't have had
that terrible accident.
If she
had
tried harder, she
would have been received
a scholarship to study abroad.
Present result of past condition
Form:

If clause
Main clause
Past Perfect
Conditional simple
(would have + PP)
They refer to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present.
They express a situation which is contrary to reality both in the past and in the present
Use:
Examples:
If I
had worked
harder at school, I
would have
a better job now.
If we
had looked
at the map, we
wouldn't be lost
.
Past result of present or
continuing condition
If clause
Main clause
They refer to an unreal present situation and its probable (but unreal) past result
Use:
Examples:
If I
were
you, I
would have given
her a drive home last night.
If I
were
a good cook, I
would have invited
them to lunch..
Form:
Past Subjunctive
Conditional Perfect
Thank you for your attention!
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