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Transcript of Stress
What is Stress?
The unconscious preparation to fight or fligh that a person experiences when faced with any demand.
Positive to Stress
Also called Eustress.
It burst your energy and helps you to achieve your goals and meet deadlines.
It provides mental alertness, motivation and efficiency.
It can also increase your self-esteem.
Negative to Stress
Its also called distress
its occurs when your body cannot return to a relaxed state even without the stressor.
Back Pain, Headache
Depression and Anxiety
Stress a Global Issue
Stress is a common work phenomenon and a costly one. one third of canadian report feeling quite a bit or extremely stressed at work most days.
Half of working professionals worldwide are more stressed than they were 2 years ago.
59 percent blaming their jobs
44 percent blaming personal finances
37 percent dealing with customers
Stress has become major concern in countries like China, Africa, Australia, and some european counties
1. True or False: All stress has negative effects on people
2. Which of the following is the most accurate description of stress?
a. The social reaction to a negative or positive event.
b. Emotions experienced as a result of a negative life event.
c. A physical response to a negative event.
d. The physical and emotional state experienced as a result of a positive or negative life event
3. Fleeing from or confronting a threat is known as:
a. Fight –or- flight response
b. Stress response
d. General Adaptation Syndrome
4. Which is an example of Eustress?
a. Getting promoted to a new job
c. Death in the family
d. Financial problems
Multiple Choice Questions
Four Approaches to Stress
The Homeostatic /Medical Approach
The Cognitive Appraisal Approach
The Person Environment Fit Approach
The Psychoanalytic Approach
Before going to Stress Let's
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The Homeostatic Approach
Its a Fight-or-fight response
Stress results when an external, environmental, demand upsets the person's natural steady-state balance (Homeostasis)
Body seeks to maintain a balance between external and internal activities.
The Person- Environment Fit Approach
• Examine a persons fit in the environment
• A good environment fit occurs when a person’s skills and abilities match a set of role expectations
• Stress occurs when role expectations are confusing and/or conflict with a person’s skills and abilities
• Can lead to side effects such as, depression.
The Psychoanalytic Approach
• Stress is based on the Freudian theory
• Two elements: ego-ideal and self-image
Ego-ideal – embodiment of ones perfect self
Self-image – how the individual sees themselves (positively and negatively).
• Stress results from a discrepancy between the idealized self (ego-ideal) and the real self image.
• Allows understanding of the role of personality to play a factor.
Multiple choice question
5. When the body in a state of physiological equilibrium, it is said to be in a state of:
6. What are the four approaches to stress?
a. Homeostasis/Medical Approach, Cognitive Appraisal Approach, Person-Environment Fit Approach and The Psychoanalytic Approach
b. Homeostatic approach/Medical Approach, Behavioral Appraisal Approach, Person-Environment Fit Approach and The Psychoanalytic Approach
c. Homeostatic/Medical Approach, Cognitive Appraisal Approach, Person-Environment Fit Approach and The Psychoanalytic Approach
d. None of the Above.
7. What are the two elements of personality that can interact to cause stress?
a. Ego and Id
b. Super ego, self image
c. Self image, ideal
d. Ego-ideal and self image
8. How many Canadians do you think on average are stressed at work?
a. 1/3 of Canadians
b. 1/4 of Canadians
c. ¾ of Canadians
d. 1/8 of Canadians
What is Stress Management?
A set of techniques and programs intended to help people deal more effectively with stress in their lives
By analyzing the specific stressors and taking positive actions to minimize their effects.
Most stress management programs deal with job stress and workplace issues
The cognitive Appraisal approach
Lazarus stated that cognitive appraisal occurs when a person considers two major factors that majorly contribute in his response to stress. These two factors include:
The threatening tendency of the stress to the individual, and
The assessment of resources required to minimize, tolerate or eradicate the stressor and the stress it produces
In general, cognitive appraisal is divided into two types or stages: primary and secondary appraisal.
Primary Appraisal: Secondary Appraisal:
Response to Stress
Stress is a biological and psychological response experienced on encountering a threat that we feel we do not have the resources to deal with
Fight or Flight
Redirect blood to brain and other big muscles
Increase sweating, Blood pressure
Release glucose (Blood sugar) and fatty acids into the bloodstream to sustain the body during stress
Increase alertness, and suppress the immune system