Transcript of Washington D.C.
Washington D.C. By Rachel Razo The White House There are 132 rooms, 35 bathrooms, and 6 levels in the Residence. There are also 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 8 staircases, and 3 elevators. President Theodore Roosevelt officially gave the White House its current name in 1901. For recreation, the White House has a variety of facilities available to its residents, including a tennis court, a jogging track, swimming pool, Movie Theater, billiard room, and a bowling lane. The White House requires 570 gallons of paint to cover its outside surface. U.S. Capitol The Capitol is the home of the U.S. Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate. Construction of the U.S. Capitol began in 1793. In November 1800, the U.S. Congress met in the first completed portion, the north wing. In 1814, British troops set fire to the Capitol as well as the White House and other District buildings during the War of 1812. Fortunately, a rainstorm prevented the Capitol’s complete destruction. These columns help support the weight of the dome of the Capitol building. The statue of Freedom is mounted on top of the U.S. Capitol building. The bronze statue stands 19 feet 6 inches tall and weighs approximately 15,000 pounds. No statue in Washington D.C. is allowed to be taller than the Statue of Freedom. Therefore, no statue can be taller than 19 feet. This mural, The Apotheosis of George Washington, consists of a portrait of the nation’s first president rising to the heavens flanked by the allegorical figures of Liberty/Authority and Victory/Fame. They are surrounded by maidens representing the first thirteen colonies. Around the perimeter, on the ground below, six groups of figures depict War, Science, Marine, Commerce, Mechanics, and Agriculture; in these scenes mythological gods and goddesses interact with historical figures. Pentagon The Pentagon serves as the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense. As one of the world's largest office buildings, it has a floor space of 3,705,793 square feet, or three times that of the Empire State Building in New York. The Pentagon houses a daily working population of approximately 24,000 employees, both military and civilian. An airliner crashed into the Pentagon Tuesday September 11, 2001 in an apparent terrorist attack. The whole world cried. Pentagon and 911 Memorial September 11, 2001 was the saddest day for America. The Twin Towers and the Pentagon were all hit by airliners as an act of terrorism. The 184 Memorial Units within the Pentagon Memorial are located on the age line according to the year the victim was born. Victims from the same family are linked by a plaque at the end of the pool of water, which lists their family members who also died in the attack, forever binding the family together. Each victim’s age and location at the time of the attack have been permanently inscribed into the Memorial by the unique placement and direction of each of the 184 Memorial Units. Each Memorial Unit is specifically positioned in the Memorial to distinguish victims who were in the Pentagon from those who were on board American Airlines Flight 77. At the 125 Memorial Units honoring the victims of the Pentagon, visitors see the victim’s name and the Pentagon in the same view. At the Memorial Units honoring the 59 lives lost on Flight 77, the visitor sees the victim’s name and the direction of the plane’s approach in the same view. Washington Monument Built in honor of the United State's first President, George Washington, this National Monument stands as the tallest structure in Washington, D.C. From the top viewers enjoy 30 to 40 miles visibility in clear weather. Shaped like an Egyptian obelisk, it is 555’ 5/8” high and made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss, it took 36 years to complete. Jefferson Memorial The Thomas Jefferson Memorial, modeled after the Pantheon of Rome, is America's memorial to our third president. The circular, colonnaded structure in the classic style was introduced to this country by Thomas Jefferson. Lincoln Memorial Construction began in 1914, and the memorial was opened to the public in 1922. The memorial, designed by Henry Bacon, after ancient Greek temples, stands 190 feet long, 119 feet wide, and almost 100 feet high. It is surrounded by a peristyle of 36 fluted Doric columns, one for each of the thirty six states in the Union at the time of Lincoln's death, and two columns in-antis at the entrance behind the colonnade. The statue of Lincoln is 19 feet high and weighs 175 tons. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech to a crowd by the Lincoln Memorial in 1963. Martin Luther King, JR. Memorial The centerpiece of the memorial is a 30-foot statue of Dr. King. His likeness is carved into the Stone of Hope, which emerges powerfully from two large boulders. The two boulders, which started as one, represent the Mountain of Despair. The Stone of Hope and the Mountain of Despair together represent the soul-stirring words from Dr. King’s history-making “I Have a Dream” speech. On the other side of the Stone of Hope, the text from King's famed 1963 speech is cut sharply into the rock: "Out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope." World War II Memorial The World War II Memorial honors the 16 million who served in the armed forces of the U.S., the more than 400,000 who died, and all who supported the war effort from home. Each of the pillars bears a name of the 48 states that were part of the U.S. during World War II. There's also one for the territories of Alaska and Hawaii as well as Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines, American Samoa, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These pillars also feature bronze and granite wreaths as well. On the northern side is an arch dedicated to the Atlantic theater and on the other side is an arch inscribed with the word "Pacific", paying tribute to the battles staged there. These arches also have the wreaths and brass eagles underneath them. The 9-foot-high Freedom Wall, decorated with 4,043 gold stars, completes the picture and commemorates those who lost their lives in the war, with one star for each 100 soldiers who died. Korean War Memorial The lifelike statues stand about 7 feet tall and represent various branches of the armed forces including 14 Army personnel, 3 Marines, 1 member of the Navy, and 1 member of the Air Force. These detailed sculptures also represent an ethnic cross section of the American melting pot. Visitors will count 14 Caucasians, 3 African-Americas, 2 Hispanics, Full transcript
1 Oriental, and 1 Native American soldier. From certain angles, it's nearly impossible to see all 19 statues as 3 of them are in the trees, giving the appearance of troops emerging from Korea's vast wooded areas. Vietnam Memorial Two black triangular granite walls are sunk into the ground at an angle of 125 degrees. Each wall is 250ft or 76m long. Both walls start at a height of 8 inches and meet at their highest point where the walls are 10ft high. Air and Space Museum Inscribed in the wall are the names of more than 58,000 men and women who were killed in the Vietnam War or who are still missing in action. The history of the National Air and Space Museum started in 1946, when Congress created the National Air Museum as a part of the Smithsonian Institution. It was first located in the Arts & Industries building at the Mall and later in the Washington Armory. In 1966, in the midst of the 'Space Race' between the United States and the Soviet Union, the name of the museum was changed to National Air and Space Museum to reflect the growing importance of its space travel-related collection. Holocaust Memorial Museum This building has a lot of history in it. It reminds us what power can do to people, and what we can do to each other. After going inside, you will go to an elevator which will take you to the fourth floor where you start and make your way back down to the end. Before getting in the elevators, you will receive a booklet. On the inside is a real person that went through the Holocaust. Each page corresponds with each floor of the museum. The Tower of Faces There are 1,500 photographs of men, women, children and families in this room. This is a very small number compared to the amount of people that went through the Holocaust. These photographs provide powerful testimony of the richness of Jewish life snuffed out by the Nazis. The Room Full of Shoes These shoes belonged to prisoners in Majdanek. The smell of leather is over powering. This room makes everything seem real. Arlington National Cemetery Soldiers plant flags in front of every tombstone on Memorial Day weekend. Nearly 4,000 former slaves are buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Scattered among America’s honored dead are two Italian prisoners of war and one German prisoner of war captured during World War II. Flags are lowered to half staff thirty minutes before the first funeral and remain at half staff until thirty minutes after the last service. On average, there are 28 funerals a day. The Tomb of the
Unknown Solider Soldiers guard the tomb 24 hours a day and 365 days a year. There are four unknown soldiers. They are from World War I, World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam War. The name of the unknown soldier from the Vietnam War has been known since 1998. First Lieutenant Michael Joseph Blassie, has been reburied in a military cemetery in Missouri. There may never be another unknown soldier because of the advanced DNA testing we have today. There is so much more to see: Library of Congress Marine Corps Memorial Newseum Smithsonian Institution Washington National Cathedral