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Communication & Personal Identity

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Bailey Oliver

on 5 December 2018

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Transcript of Communication & Personal Identity

Write down 15-20 statements that complete the phrase "I am..."
I am....
What is personal identity?
Personal Identity

"our perception of the views, values, and perspectives that are endorsed by society as a whole;
feedback we receive from others helps shape our identities"
-Charles Horton Cooley (1922)
The Looking Glass Self
Communication & Personal Identity
Who are we really?
"A constantly evolving, processional understanding of oneself that grows out of the processes of interacting with others and society and internalizing values and views of our identity that others reflect to us"
**the person we think we are and communicate to others"**
Arises in communication with others
The Self is a Process
Social Perspectives are Subject to Change
Our self-concept starts from outside or how others view
Our identity arises in communication with others
What Influences our identity
Direct Definitions
Reflected Appraisals
Self-fulfilling prophecies
looking-glass self (later slide)
Identity Scripts
Attachment Styles
How do we know who we are?
Politeness Theory
Social identity theory
how people's identification with groups shapes their behavior, both towards members of that group and members of other groups
Communication theory of identity
(Hecht, 1993)
Personal frame
enactment of communication frame
relationship frame
communal frame
What type of person do you want to be perceived as?
How do we know who we are?
What type of person do you want to be perceived as?
Goffman's dramaturgical perspective (1967)
"All the world's a stage" -Shakespeare
Brown & Levinson's Politeness Theory (1987)
Politeness Theory:
Key Concepts
The public self image that people want to claim
The presentation of that image to others through communication
Impression Management:
Strategic attempts to manage aspects of one’s identity in ways that make a good impression

Politeness Theory
There are two types of face:
Positive Face
the favorable image a person presents and hopes to have validated by others (reflects the desire to be liked)
Negative Face
reflects a person’s desire to be free from imposition and restraint and to have control of her or his time, property, space, and resources
Face Loss:
Normally people are “in face,” but sometimes they are:
In the Wrong Face:
Information that contradicts or challenges one’s image is brought forth
Out of Face:
A person is unable to put forth the image that is expected or required

Politeness Theory
Politeness Theory
Corrective Facework
Strategic communication that is used to help restore face after it is lost

Politeness Theory
Face-threatening acts (FTA):
behaviors that detract from an individual’s identity
Types of FTAs:
Bald on Record
Positive Politeness
Negative Politeness
Off the Record
Do not do the FTA
Modern Family Activity
Take out sheet of paper
Work individually or in pairs
Write down one example of

someone showing positive face
someone showing negative face
Write down at least two instances/scenarios of
And what strategy was used
Corrective Facework
And what strategy was used
Self-Concept Bag
HW #1
How do we know who we are?
Due Thursday in class
Hard copy
2 pages double spaces
TNR 12 pt, 1 inch margins
3 items that illustrate your self-concept
(think I am activity)
Describe each item, why you chose it, how it illustrates who you are
Relate the objects to a relational identity concept we discussed
direct definitions/reflected appraisals/social identity theory/attachment theory/etc.
Anxious- Ambivalent
Attachment Theory
Watch Season 5, Episode 8
Full transcript