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Inside the Civil Rights Hourglass
Transcript of Inside the Civil Rights Hourglass
An inside look at:
THE CIVIL RIGHTS HOURGLASS
Booker T. Washington
Created Tuskegee Institute (1881) and was a former slave that believed African-Americans should be integrated into society.
NAACP was founded
A. Phillip Randolph
founded "The Messenger"
organized his first labor union of elevator operators
Jamaican political leader that believed heavily in black nationalism and pan-african movements
US v. Wheeler
Supreme Court Case that says American tribes only have to answer to Congress and not any state.
GAVE ALL WOMEN THE RIGHT TO VOTE
Emergency Quota Act
Newcomers from Europe had a restriction of 3% of people from their nationality that could come to the US.
Ozawa v. US
Japanese and Asian Indians were aliens and ineligible for citizenship.
Indian Citizenship Act
Granted full citizenship to those who hadn't received it
Poet during the Harlem Renaissance that wrote about hope and black nationalism
Effort to criminalize lynching in the US
A. Phillip Randolph
Head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters that threatened Roosevelt for equal rights
Agreement with Mexican government to recruit Mexican labor workers to assist with wartime labor in exchange for them living in the US.
Executive Order 9066
F.D.R authorized certain areas to be military areas.
Korematsu v. US
Supreme court case determining the constitutionality of internment during WWII. Gov't can violate peoples rights for nat'l security.
First African American to play major-league baseball
Executive Order 9981
Organized LNCDMS in military which ended racial discrimination in the military.
Brown v. Board of Education
Overturned the "Separate but Equal" clause and started integration in schools
14 yr. old black man was brutally beaten because he was accused of flirting with a white woman in the Deep South.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Lasted a span of 2 years, blacks boycotted the buses in protest for black rights, led to integration of the bus system.
Civil Rights Act of 1957
Ensured that all African-Americans had the right to vote without it being taken away.
Baker v. Carr
Voting districts could be challenged and all had to be roughly the same amount of people
United Farm Workers for AMERICA
Labor union for farm workers made by two smaller labor unions
Martin Luther King
Principal organizer of March on Washington
Equal Pay Act
orbids gender discrimination and unequal pay in the workplace with equal qualifications
The Feminine Mystique
Betty Friedan wrote a book that sparked the second wave of feminism
Outlawed poll taxes
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Outlawed discrimination based on religion, sex, gender, race, or national origin
Protects individuals against any type of employment discrimination
Voting Rights Act of 1965
African-Americans were guaranteed the right to vote.
Race riots that took place in Watts, CA as a result of police brutality on an African-American male
Supported Black Nationalism that was known for using violence as a protest method to prevent cops from using police brutality .
Miranda v. Arizona
SCC that says "accused" must be informed of their rights before being arrested.
Loving v. Virginia
SCC that overruled "No interracial marriages in states"
Extended suffrage to 18 years old
Baker v. Nelson
Allowed states to determine if same-sex marriage was legal because the case was dismissed from the SC.
Equal Rights Amendment
Civil Rights should not be denied based on one's sex.
Members of the AIM movement seized Wounded Knee as a way to protest against unkempt treaties
Milliken v. Bradley
No racial requirement or balance in schools, could be determined by local schools
US v. Wheeler
No double jeopardy exists for a Native-American when already processed by the tribe
California v. Bakke
Affirmative action case that said race could be considered in school admission processes but could not be the only factor,
Gay & Lesbian Civil Rights March on Washington
National rally for LGBT community that demanded protective civil rights
Lyndon B. Johnson-36th pres.
1960s- Chicano Movement
Mexican American empowerment by gaining land, rights, and education reforms
Native Americans forcibly removed gov't in Alcatraz after seizing for 19 months
Prohibiting discrimination of disabled in employment and other settings
Americans with Disabilities Act
Family Medical Leave Act
Required employers to provide unpaid leave for family situations/medical reasons
Don't Ask Don't Tell
Prohibited gays from working in the military but ended in 2011
Civil Rights Act of 1960
The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation made with the mission to amplify the the voices of the LGBT community by empowering people to share stories and holding the media accoumtable for what they say.
Development Relief and Education for Alien Minors a Multi phase process for undocumented immigrants in the United States that would first grant conditional residency and upon meeting further qualifications, permanent residency
a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity.
Voter ID Laws
Requires some form of identification to vote
Obergefell v. Hodges
A lawsuit against Ohio not permitting same-sex marriages