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Inside the Civil Rights Hourglass

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Brittani Hewitt

on 30 May 2015

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Transcript of Inside the Civil Rights Hourglass

Brittani Hewitt
Block #3B
5/22/14

2000s-NOW
An inside look at:
THE CIVIL RIGHTS HOURGLASS

1900s
Booker T. Washington

1900s
2015
Created Tuskegee Institute (1881) and was a former slave that believed African-Americans should be integrated into society.
1881-1909
1909
NAACP was founded
NAACP
A. Phillip Randolph
1917
founded "The Messenger"
organized his first labor union of elevator operators
1920s
1916-
1933
Marcus Garvey
Jamaican political leader that believed heavily in black nationalism and pan-african movements
US v. Wheeler
1920
Supreme Court Case that says American tribes only have to answer to Congress and not any state.
1920
19th Amendment
GAVE ALL WOMEN THE RIGHT TO VOTE
1921
Emergency Quota Act
Newcomers from Europe had a restriction of 3% of people from their nationality that could come to the US.
Ozawa v. US
Japanese and Asian Indians were aliens and ineligible for citizenship.
1922
1924
Indian Citizenship Act
Granted full citizenship to those who hadn't received it
1926-64
Langston Hughes
Poet during the Harlem Renaissance that wrote about hope and black nationalism
1940s
1942-1964
Bracero Program
1930s
Anti-Lynching Laws
Effort to criminalize lynching in the US
1934
A. Phillip Randolph
1941
Head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters that threatened Roosevelt for equal rights
Agreement with Mexican government to recruit Mexican labor workers to assist with wartime labor in exchange for them living in the US.
Executive Order 9066
F.D.R authorized certain areas to be military areas.
1942
1944
Korematsu v. US
Supreme court case determining the constitutionality of internment during WWII. Gov't can violate peoples rights for nat'l security.
1947
Jackie Robinson
First African American to play major-league baseball
1948
Executive Order 9981
Organized LNCDMS in military which ended racial discrimination in the military.
1960s
1950s
1954
Brown v. Board of Education
Overturned the "Separate but Equal" clause and started integration in schools
1955
Emmett Till
14 yr. old black man was brutally beaten because he was accused of flirting with a white woman in the Deep South.
1955-1956
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Lasted a span of 2 years, blacks boycotted the buses in protest for black rights, led to integration of the bus system.
1957
Civil Rights Act of 1957
Ensured that all African-Americans had the right to vote without it being taken away.
1962
Baker v. Carr
Voting districts could be challenged and all had to be roughly the same amount of people
United Farm Workers for AMERICA
Labor union for farm workers made by two smaller labor unions
1963
Martin Luther King
Principal organizer of March on Washington
Equal Pay Act
f
orbids gender discrimination and unequal pay in the workplace with equal qualifications
The Feminine Mystique
Betty Friedan wrote a book that sparked the second wave of feminism
1964
24th amendment
Outlawed poll taxes
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Outlawed discrimination based on religion, sex, gender, race, or national origin
Langston Hughes
Protects individuals against any type of employment discrimination
1965
Voting Rights Act of 1965
African-Americans were guaranteed the right to vote.
Watts Riots
Race riots that took place in Watts, CA as a result of police brutality on an African-American male
1966
Black Panthers
Supported Black Nationalism that was known for using violence as a protest method to prevent cops from using police brutality .
Miranda v. Arizona
SCC that says "accused" must be informed of their rights before being arrested.
1967
Loving v. Virginia
SCC that overruled "No interracial marriages in states"
1970s
1971
26th Amendment
Extended suffrage to 18 years old
1972
Baker v. Nelson
Allowed states to determine if same-sex marriage was legal because the case was dismissed from the SC.
Equal Rights Amendment
Civil Rights should not be denied based on one's sex.
1973
Wounded Knee
Members of the AIM movement seized Wounded Knee as a way to protest against unkempt treaties
1974
Milliken v. Bradley
No racial requirement or balance in schools, could be determined by local schools
1978
US v. Wheeler
No double jeopardy exists for a Native-American when already processed by the tribe
1979
California v. Bakke
Affirmative action case that said race could be considered in school admission processes but could not be the only factor,
Gay & Lesbian Civil Rights March on Washington
National rally for LGBT community that demanded protective civil rights
Lyndon B. Johnson-36th pres.
1960s- Chicano Movement
Mexican American empowerment by gaining land, rights, and education reforms
Alcatraz ends.
Native Americans forcibly removed gov't in Alcatraz after seizing for 19 months
1980s &90s
1990
Prohibiting discrimination of disabled in employment and other settings
Americans with Disabilities Act
1993
Family Medical Leave Act
Required employers to provide unpaid leave for family situations/medical reasons
1994
Don't Ask Don't Tell
Prohibited gays from working in the military but ended in 2011
N.O.W
Civil Rights Act of 1960
GLAAD
1985
The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation made with the mission to amplify the the voices of the LGBT community by empowering people to share stories and holding the media accoumtable for what they say.
2001
Development Relief and Education for Alien Minors a Multi phase process for undocumented immigrants in the United States that would first grant conditional residency and upon meeting further qualifications, permanent residency
DREAM Act
2014
Title IX
a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity.
2002
Voter ID Laws
Requires some form of identification to vote
2015
Obergefell v. Hodges
A lawsuit against Ohio not permitting same-sex marriages
Full transcript