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Transcript of Ancient World
In this piece, this piece of cloth from Ancient Egypt that were worn from both men and women. The loin cloth was used as an underwear item. In most cases, this is what people would wear because of the dry, hot climate the Egyptian weather brought forth to Egyptians. Egyptian loincloth were made from triangular linen
A chiton was a type of tunic worn by the men of Greece. Unlike the peplo dresses, the chiton was made of a lighter linen material. The purpose it was lighter because men were outside more, and needed comfortable clothing in order to work.
The stola, the opposite dress of the toga, was the recognized dress for women during the Roman Empire time. Just like men, it was the formal wear and had to be worn in formals. It was considered disgraceful for a woman to wear a toga because it was associated with prostitution. The stola was a symbol of a women's status in society such as married, single, etc.
"Sample of Cloth | Old Kingdom | The Met." The Metropolitan Museum of Art, i.e. The Met Museum. Accessed June 12, 2017. http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/570877?sortBy=Relevance&%3Bdeptids=10&%3Bwhat=Cloth&%3Bft=%2A&%3Boffset=40&%3Brpp=20&%3Bpos=51.
Loin cloth was also used by the Roman Empire. But after the fall of the Roman Period, it wasn't used anymore. In the 19th century, it was brought back by Westerners because of the rise of colonialism and industralization in society.
Thompson, James C. "WOMEN'S CLOTHING AND FASHION IN ANCIENT EGYPT." New Page 2. July 2010. Accessed June 12, 2017. http://www.womenintheancientworld.com/womens%20clothing.htm.
Women in Ancient Egypt would wear simple sheath dress. They were considered to be more basic than as of the men. A piece of clothing would be folded and sewn down in order to make a tube. The dress would extend to the bottom of their ankles and cover up their breasts or upper body. A few of their items were made with wool.
The dress shown is a peplo, which was the type of tunic worn by women during this time period. Made from heavy wool material, this garment was made from a large rectangular piece of fabric, and could be draped and fastened in whatever the woman who wore it wanted it to be. .
"Ancient Greek Clothing." Ancient History Encyclopedia. January 18, 2012. Accessed June 12, 2017. http://www.ancient.eu/article/20/
Peplo dresses was worn as a full dress garment to show manner and respect in a woman of Ancient Greek. The tunic was also worn by both genders, but for the men it would be called chiton.
"Museum of Antiquities." University of Saskatchewan. August 12, 2014. Accessed June 12, 2017. http://www.usask.ca/antiquities/our-collection-/greek/transitional-greek/sculpture/charioteer-of-delphi/index.php.
The clothing could be put over both shoulders, or just one. When it was draped over one shoulder, it was known as exomie. This type of chiton was usually worn for horseback riding, work, or exercise for men.
The clothing is a toga, the most recognized during the Roman period. The toga would be worn over a tunic. It was considered the formal wear for men. But the toga fell in decline. It was made into the unofficial dress to be worn by the people of the Roman Empire, even if the people found it uncomfortable and difficult to wear.
"Marble statue of a togatus (man wearing a toga) | Work of Art | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art." The Met's Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Accessed June 12, 2017. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/04.15/.
Even though the toga isn't worn as it was before, it is still a symbolic representation of the Roman Empire. Today, it is worn by people on occasions such as Halloween.
"P1073 Stola." LacusCurtius • Roman Clothing - Stola (Smith's Dictionary, 1875). Accessed June 12, 2017. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Stola.html