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Middle Ages

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Harty WHAP

on 16 October 2013

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Transcript of Middle Ages

End of the Middle Ages Review
1st Divide you paper into four square sections and write each of the four causes at the top

2nd Rank each based on how important you feel it was in ending the Middle Ages
--1 is the most important, 4 is the least important

3rd write one sentence supporting why you gave each the ranking that you did

4th draw a picture that best represents your supporting reason

5th be prepared to present your poster to the class
End of the Middle Ages
Describe the role that each played in ending the middle ages
Plague spreads quickly through Europe
English Political Traditions
King John forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215 it guaranteed:
right to trial by jury
king has to have consent of nobles to raise taxes (leads to Parliament)
limited monarchy
Role of the Church
Crusade Map
Pope Urban II Sermon Calling for the First Crusade:
“Begin the journey to the Holy Sepulcher; conquer that land which the wicked have seized, the land given by God to the children of Israel and which, as the Scripture says, “is all milk and honey”. Undertake this journey for [forgiveness] of your sins, with the promise of “glory which will not fade” in Heaven. When you make an armed attack on the enemy, let all those on God’s side cry out, “God will it!”

What were some of the reasons that inspired Europeans to take part in the Crusades?
Crusades
Christian Europeans and Muslims fight for control of the Holy Land
Pope Urban II calls on all Christians to fight
Promised salvation to all who participate
Feudalism
Women in the Middle Ages
Medieval Manor
In Feudalism, there was NO SOCIAL MOBILITY!
Feudal Society (800-1400)
Europe faces new threats
With Charlemagne’s death new groups invaded Europe
Vikings created new trade routes and settlements throughout Europe
Unit 6 The Middle Ages
The End of the Middle Ages
The Great Schism (1378—1417)
Split papacy (pope) between Avignon, France and Rome
People begin to question the authority of the Church
The End of the Middle Ages
Hundred Years War (1337—1453)—between England & France over a claim to the French Throne
strengthens royal power in both countries
new technology (longbow, gunpowder, canons) and armies
Joan of Arc leads the French in a battle, later captured and burned as heretic
The End of the Middle Ages
The Great Famine (1313—1322)—food shortages in Europe
The Black Death (Bubonic Plague)
Fleas on rats entered Europe from Asian ships
25 million die (1/3 pop. of Europe), shortage of labor led to peasants moving to cities
Made people question the church
Crusades help trade and -->the growth of towns
The Later Middle Ages
Trade begins to revive
Merchants and craftsman organize into associations known as guilds
Wealth --> inventions (windmills, watermills), and universities
Church builds large cathedrals, = gothic architecture
Effects of crusades

Effects of Crusades
expose Europeans to new ideas and goods (use of zero, silk, perfumes)
increased trade between Europe and Middle East
Growth of Intolerance (Christians persecute Muslims and Jews, Muslims persecute Christians)
Two Christian Thinkers
St. Augustine—Appealed to faith in God for salvation
St. Thomas Aquinas—wrote that Christian teachings were compatible with reason and natural law (not passed by govts)
men use natural laws to judge govts and could overthrow unjust rulers
Age of Faith
Catholic Church was most powerful organization in Western Europe
The pope was head of the Church
Christians were united by faith and belief that the Church held the power to send them to heaven or hell
Church was largest landowner in Europe and the main center of learning
Feudal Society (800-1400)
Economic— most people live on manors
Manorialism-- lords own land where peasants (serfs ) work to produce their own food, clothing and shelter
Feudal Society (800-1400)
Social—strict class structure based on land to nobles in exchange for service

Political—king based rulings on advice of his nobles
Reign of Charlemagne
Charlemagne expanded Frankish Kingdom and created an empire
expanded practice of trading land for military service
promoted learning
The Rise of the Franks
Established largest Germanic Kingdoms, united by Charles Martel
Defeats Muslims at the Battle of Tours.
Frankish kings began to give land to knights for military service
Barbarian Invasions
Rome fell, barbarian groups occupied their own territory
Constant war and chaos led to breakdown of trade, cities became unsafe and abandoned, learning of ancient world was lost
Reign of Charlemagne
At the request of the Pope
becomes Holy Roman Emperor
Chartres Cathedral
What characteristics make these two buildings alike? How are they different? What is the Church’s purpose in building structures like this?
The Greek Parthenon
begins in Europe to provide security and protection during the breakdown of government
Warm Up
How did the Middle Ages begin and who held the most power?
Warm Up
Give two reasons why the Middle Ages ended
It's GAAAAAAAAAAME Time

(read like in Blue's Clues)
Role was determined by Catholic Church
Nobles- prayers and domestic chores, little education
Chivalry--code of conduct for knights(raised the status of noble women)
Peasants- worked with men in fields and ran household
Full transcript