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Health and Safety in the Workplace Level 2
Transcript of Health and Safety in the Workplace Level 2
We will cover:
The basics of Health and Safety Law.
What is an accident or ill health.
Common causes of accidents and ill health in the workplace, including slips, trips and falls.
Risk Assessments and how to use them effectively.
Consider health and safety in the workplace.
PM- Over to you!
first aid requirements (the law)
vehicles at work.
noise and vibration
working at height
ergonomics and work stations
Multi-choice assessment paper.
What is 'an accident'?
'An accident' is an unplanned and uncontrolled event that has led to or could have caused injury to persons, damage to business or other loss'
What is 'ill health'?
'Ill Health' is a term used to describe an individuals poor physical or mental condition.
Some facts and figures from 2013/14:
1.2 million working people suffering from a work-related illness
28.2 million working days lost due to work-related illness and workplace injury
133 workers killed at work!
Factors that cause accidents and ill health
Environmental factors: lighting, space, temperature, ventilation etc
Human factors: lack of knowledge, horseplay, lack of concentration etc.
Occupational Factors: manual handling, use of equipment, time required for a task etc.
Health and Safety in the Workplace
The cost of poor health and safety:
compensation- including legal costs.
loss of production
in pairs note down at least 3!
pain, suffering and possible disability
The benefits of good health and safety:
a safe working environment
more productive workforce
less chance of prosecution
greater profits as a result of good reputation.
lower insurance premiums
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.
Two types of legislation:
do you know?
The state punishes a business or a person for breaking the law, this would be decided at a crown court!
This is the action taken by one person against another for negligence and injury as a result, the purpose is to compensate for the injury and suffering. this would be decided at high court or county court.
'Following an accident involving 8 of his employees the managing director of 'Howard's Alligator Farm' is prosecuted under criminal law for not creating any risk assessments for his farm!'
The company is required by Health and Safety Legislation to create a risk assessment for the workplace if employing 5 or more people, the person responsible for the company is the managing director(in this case)
That was a
'A construction site worker has been ordered to pay compensation after his negligence left a colleague with serious head injuries because he was on his phone whilst driving a larger digger.'
Because the investigation found he was not complying to company policy and was accountable for his own actions.
Under H&S legislation the Employer Must:
in pairs note down at least 3!
ensure the health,safety and welfare of all employees(where reasonably practicable).
carry out risk assessment
provide necessary training
provide a safe envioronment and systems of work.
create and provide a health and safety policy
Pick your pairs!
A Health and Safety Policy must be:
A written and regularly revised statement of health and safety policy including:
A statement of intent
Clearly state each persons duties and accountability
Systems/procedures that ensures work is carried out safely.
Under H&S legislation the Employees Must:
in pairs note down at least 2!
take reasonable care of themselves and others and cooperate with their employer.
not recklessly interfere with or misuse anything that is used for health and safety
comply with the systems/procedures of work set out by the employer.
look after their own health and safety
take responsibility for any other persons health and safety who may be affected by their work.
Enforcement Officer Can:
Gain access to a workplace at any reasonable time.
Take photos and samples.
Order that locations remain undisturbed after an accident.
Who can be an enforcement officer?
The three stages of enforcement.
R.I.D.D.O.R- What, How, When and Why?
What is a Hazard?
Something with the potential to cause harm
What is a Risk?
The likelihood that someone will be harmed by the hazard.
5 Steps to a Risk Assessment
1- Identify the Hazards
2-Identify those who may be harmed or effected.
3- Evaluate the RISK, put in place and implement control measures.
4-Record the findings
5-Review and revise regularly/periodically
Green with white background=
Red with white background=
Yellow with black detail=
In your pairs go and find at least 1 of each.
Note where it is and what it is referring to.
Blue with white background=
'It is the Employer's responsibility to protect the health and safety of everyone in the workplace'
'Provide welfare facilities, establish a health and safety culture to ensure the welfare of everyone.'
Solid and fit for use.
Rooms should have sufficient floor space and height
Everyone should be provided with a means of ventilation.
maintained to prevent slipping and falling.
Doors and Windows-
all function safely, precautions should be taken to prevent persons from falling from windows
at least 16deg if work involves physical effort 13deg
safe and suitable including footrests if must be supplied if the task can be completed sat down.
routes should be clearly marked
toilets, drinking water, changing rooms, an area to eat meals.
Over to you!
Introduce the subject, the hazards it presents
The cause including the contributing factor(Human, Environment or Occupation)
The control measures required
How it applies to PGL employees
First Aid, requirements
PPE, when, what, how
Vehicles at work
Hierarchy of Control
1)Eliminate the task or hazard
2)Substitute for something safer
6)Safe systems of work
7)Training and information
Vehicles at Work
Common causes of accidents involving vehicles:
Being hit by a vehicle
Falling from a vehicle
Objects falling from a vehicle
Vehicles toppling over
Vehicles and people not separated
Vehicles reversing and blind spots
Faulty electrical equipment
Accumulation of rubbish
Means of escape
Extinguishers and Blankets
Using your books to find one of each and take note of where it is and what could be on fire near it.
How to use;
from side to side
Noise and Vibration
Working at Height
Centre Number: 10306
Trainer Number: 20265
HABC Level 2 Award in Health and Safety in the Workplace
Course ID: 299028
Slips Trips and Falls: Stats, how they occur, consequences and how to avoid.
The employer is responsible for ensuring an adequate risk assessment is conducted for the workplace
Should be conducted by a competent person with the aid of the employees.
Specific Risks Assessments
When a women informs the employer that she is pregnant.
When a young person is employed(Between the age of 16 and 18)
Three levels of first aid personnel
2)Emergency first aid Qualified
3)Appointed, not qualified
How to decide what is needed,
HSE Code of Practice, entitled First Aid at Work
First aid materials
The minimum requirements
No creams, lotions, potions, medicines or tablets
When should it be used as a control measure?
Employer's responsibility to supply suitable PPE including CE mark.
PPE should be stored correctly
Must be maintained and replaced as per manufacturers instructions.
Employee responsibility to follow company policy for use of PPE including reporting any faults.
The Employer must:
The employee must:
Cleaning a Drain with unidentified liquids
Using a power drill to drill holes halfway down an abseil tower
Workplace Hazards and Risk
Size of the organization
History of accidents
Distribution of workforce
Type of work being carried out.
What does C.O.S.H.H
Types of substances:
Fumes and Smoke
Control Measure Hierarchy:
Prevent or replace for a safer substance
Enclose the process
Provide good ventilation
Safe systems of work
Reduce the number of people exposed
Provide suitable training
PPE as a last resort
Training and Authorisation
Locked and suitable
Split into two groups and match up the titles with the new and old safety sign.