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Non-Financial Methods of Motivation
Transcript of Non-Financial Methods of Motivation
Methods of assessing how content a workforce is. Absenteeism
Productivity of labour Apart from money, list as many ways an organisation could motivate their employees Job Enrichment
Empowerment Job Enrichment
Offering a range of tasks to an employee in order to add interest to the job. Job Rotation
Widening the activities of a worker by switching him or her around a number of work tasks. Job Rotation benefits:
Absence can be covered easily Job Enrichment is based on Herzberg's work, who suggests it should contain:
Range of tasks and challenges at different ability levels, some to stretch their current abilities.
A complete task, making it meaningful not just repetitive.
Direct feedback to inform employee how they are doing. Job Enlargement
Increasing the number of tasks and possibly responsibilities involved in a job. Not necessarily a motivating factor in itself, it can have the opposite effect. Charles Handy coined the phrase Teamworking in 1990.
Groups of multi-skilled workers.
Kaizen (continuous improvement)
Increases employee accountability and pride in own work. Empowerment
Delegation of a task and the decision-making process about how the task is done.
(see Herzberg and Mayo) Discuss the methods of non-financial motivation you have seen in work experience and school.
How successful have they been?
What could have been improved? Team Working Study the Times100 case study on Enterprise Rent-A-Car.
How effective are their strategies for motivation?
http://businesscasestudies.co.uk/enterprise-rent-a-car/motivation-in-action/introduction.html Cell production
Cell production has the flow production line split into a number of self-contained units. Each team or ‘cell’ is responsible for a significant part of the finished article and, rather than each person only carrying out only one very specific task, team members are skilled at a number of roles, so it provides a means for job rotation
ref: http://tutor2u.net/business/production/cell-production.html Non-financial methods of Motivation Absenteeism Labour Turnover Labour Productivity Absenteeism measures the rate of deliberate staff absence. Usually excludes sick days. Causes of absenteeism:
poor working conditions What possible solutions could be used by an organisation to lower absenteeism? Labour turnover is a measurement of the rate at which employees leave an organisation. Causes of high labour turnover:
low levels of pay
other opportunities elsewhere Effects of high labour turnover:
costs of recruiting replacements
lower productivity of new staff
team building issues due to new staff Is high labour turnover always a bad thing? Labour Productivity is a measure of output per worker. It can be used as an indication of the efficiency of an organisation. High Productivity = Low Labour Cost per Unit Rising productivity can lead to job losses (if demand doesn't rise to meet productivity) Case Study, page 239