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Government: Unit 1 - The Role of the Citizen

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Zach White

on 29 August 2016

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Transcript of Government: Unit 1 - The Role of the Citizen

The Constitution and Bill of Rights
Bill of Rights cont.
Unit 1
The Role of the Citizen:
Civic Values, Politics, and Government

Ideas for different forms of Government and types of Government
Civic Values
Definition of a citizen: a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized.
Citizens and subjects
Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens
Definition of a subject: one who lives in the territory of, enjoys the protection of, and owes allegiance to a sovereign power or state.
What comes to mind when you hear these two words?
How are they alike?
How are they different?
How about now? What are the differences between citizens and subjects? What are the similarities?
"The difference between citizen and subjects has often been glibly said to be that a citizen has rights whereas a subject has privileges..."
"...A subject owes their allegiance to a sovereign and is governed by that sovereign's laws whereas a citizen owes allegiance to the community and is entitled to enjoy all its civil rights and protections..."
"The difference between citizen and subject lies in where an individual places their allegiance: subjects (to a sovereign [king/queen]) and citizens (to a state; to a republic)."

Quotes by Glenn Davies from the Independent Australian
Democracy
Direct Democracy
The people vote on laws and policies themselves
Also known as Pure Democracy
Do you understand the difference between a citizen and subject now?
What questions do you have still?
Are you a citizen or subject?
Indirect Democracy
The people elect leaders to represent them and make decisions on their behalf
Also called Representative Democracy or Republic
Being a Citizen in the 21st Century:
Social Media and Their Influence on Politics
We are going to examine 4 "grassroots" movements that have used social media to flourish.
Warning: you will see someone get shot and collapse but there will not be any blood or anything shown.
Arab Spring
Occupy Wall Street Movement

http://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2012/apr/13/occupy-seven-months-of-protest-video

Watch from start to 2:03!
Kony 2012
Kony 2012
In 2006 Time's Person of the Year was...You!

Their reasoning: "You control the Information Age."
Think about how social media has and will continue to transform what it means to be a citizen in our country and world!!!
A small group of individuals rule.
A sovereign (king or queen) rules.
The highest class within that society rules and elects the leader from within their ranks.
All eligible citizens are eligible to participate equally either by choosing their leaders to represent them and make decisions on their behalf (indirect democracy/republic) or by voting on rules, laws, and policy directly.
Constitutional Republic
This would be the same thing as a Constitutional Representative Democracy
This just means that a Constitution (set of rules that are written down) is strictly followed and is of the highest authority to help rule/govern the nation, state, etc.
As a class let's brainstorm a list of civic values that American's value.
Google's definition for civic values: Civic values are values that seek good for a community or society as a whole. They take the form of normative statements such as: We bear collective responsibility for our quality of life—we are stewards of the world we inhabit.
As you know as a citizen you are guaranteed rights and given responsibilities as a citizen of the United States.
How do you exercise your rights as a citizen?
How do you uphold your responsibilities?

How do you not uphold them?
Freedom and Rule of Law
"Rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, and not arbitrary decisions by individual government officials."
-Wikipedia - Rule of Law
Freedom - "the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint."
-Google's definition
How does the rule of law limit your freedom?

Is that an acceptable limit?
How is your freedom advanced by the rule of law?
What are some limits on your freedom?
• Freedom to express yourself.
• Freedom to worship as you wish.
• Right to a prompt, fair trial by jury.
• Right to vote in elections for public officials.
• Right to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. citizenship.
• Right to run for elected office.
• Freedom to pursue “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
• Support and defend the Constitution.
• Stay informed of the issues affecting your community.
• Participate in the democratic process.
• Respect and obey federal, state, and local laws.
• Respect the rights, beliefs, and opinions of others.
• Participate in your local community.
• Pay income and other taxes honestly, and on time, to federal, state, and local authorities.
• Serve on a jury when called upon.
• Defend the country if the need should arise.
The Constitution of the United States is often referred to as a bundle of compromises. The Framers of the Constitution came together to amend and fix the Articles of Confederation but soon realized it needed to be thrown out...
Problems with the Articles of Confederation:
No central authority to settle disputes between states
Trade was cumbersome and complicated
Very difficult to amend the Articles.
Not very democratic (how?)
At the Constitutional Convention the Framers began work on a new constitution with three independent and equal branches of government.
Fixed most of the problems they had been having with the Articles of Confederation but they never thought they had a perfect document!
The Framers created a process to amend the Constitution and in fact the only way they could get some members of the Convention to sign onto the final draft of the Constitution was to guarantee them 10 amendments which were passed about 2 years after the original Constitution which are known as...the Bill of Rights!
The Constitution was not passed without a fight and it is important to remember that PLENTY of people at the Convention and around the nation DID NOT like or support the new Constitution!
The Bill of Rights is mostly a list of freedoms and rights guaranteed to the people and a list of restrictions placed upon the government.
Bill of Rights:
1st: Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
2nd: To keep and bear arms (in order to maintain a well regulated militia)
3rd: No quartering of soldiers.
4th: Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures.
5th: Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy.
6th: Rights of accused persons, e.g., right to a speedy and public trial.
7th: Right of trial by jury.
8th: Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.
9th: Other rights of the people
10th: Powers reserved to the states.
Why were the Bill of Rights needed?
U.S. has always had a strong commitment (at the very least in principle and often in practice) of human (treatment of a person) and civil (rights given to a citizen) rights.
One of the most important rights you have...your most basic civil right in a democracy...is the right to vote!!!!
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