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Colonization of Georgia
Transcript of Colonization of Georgia
Trustee Georgia and The Georgia Charter
A New Colony:
SS8H2 (a) Explain the importance of James Oglethorpe, the Charter of 1732, reasons for settlement, Tomochichi, Mary Musgrove and the city of Savannah.
What happened when they arrived?
Before docking the ann, Oglethorpe had to become friends with the Yamacraw Indians
Relationship with Tomochichi and Mary and John Musgrove
A colony for the "working poor"
1722 - became a member of Parliament
Robert Castell dies in debtors prison
1730 - Oglethorpe asks King George II for land "Southwest of Carolina for settling poor persons of London"
Reasons for colonial settlement:
1. CHARITY- To establish a colony for the working poor; Religious freedom to Protestants who were mistreated by the Catholic Church in Europe
2. ECONOMICS - Balanced trading policy to make Great Britain self-sufficient (MERCANTILISM); Production of silk, cotton dyes, and wine instead of importing from France, Russia and Spain
3. DEFENSE - Defensive buffer to protect colonies from the French, Spanish and Native Americans
1732 - King George II grants a charter of Oglethorpe's 21 trustees to manage the colony for 21 years
TRUSTEE - people who hold responsibility on
behalf of others
CHARTER - a legal document granting special
rights and privileges
Terms of the charter:
1. Trustees could not own land, hold political office, or be given money for their work
2. Those who could not become colonists: Catholics, blacks, liquor dealers and lawyers
Those chosen for voyage received:
fifty acres of land, tools, enough food for
one year (these were supposed to be debtors,
but no debtors ever made it to the colony)
Who could pay their way:
500 acres of land and permission to take
10 indentured servants
INDENTURED SERVANT - a person who agreed to work for a certain number of years in return for passage to the New World
Colonists agreed to:
1. Defend the new colony against all enemies
2. Land could not be sold and no money borrowed on it
3. Given seeds and tools and had to use them to cultivate the new land
4. Part of their land must be used for mulberry trees so silkworms would eat the leaves and produce silk
5. Obey all regulations established by the trustees