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phases of the moon

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lachie bardsley

on 4 September 2014

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Transcript of phases of the moon

Phases of the Moon
by Lachie B
All the different phases
Who saw the Moon first?
The Moon was first seen by Galileo. Galileo was an Italian astronomer who was placed under house arrest until his death because of his crazy ideas. Galileo was also the first person to see almost every other planet in our solar system and was the first person to discover the Moon is actually cratered. He lived around 1500 BC. He also invented the telescope.
How the Moon affects the tides
The tides change because of the Moon, the Sun and gravity. If you're wondering why water just doesn't float into space it is because of gravity. Gravity works by pulling everything towards the Earth. There are technically bulges on the sides of the earth. When the Moon and sun pull in the same direction you get a tide which is called a spring tide. A spring tide is generally a strong tide. When the Moon and Sun point in different directions you get a calmer tide because they're both fighting over strong tides and which way they should go. Each day you get 2 strong tides and 2 weak tides.
Does the Moon change shape?
It may seem that the moon changes shape but it actually is the suns light shining on the moon that we see.
How the Moon orbits the earth
It may seem that the Earth is moving around the Moon but actually the moon is orbiting around us. This is because earth is bigger than our Moon so therefore we have a stronger gravitational field. It takes the Moon 29.35 days to orbit the earth.
How we get all the different phases of the Moon
We get different phases of the Moon because of the angle the sun is on. The Sun will shine on a different part of the Moon every night therefore we will see the part of the Moon which the sun's light is on. You will never get the same phase for 2 days in a row. The Moon emits a very small amount of light so the sun's light will outshine the Moon's.
Facts about the Moon
The Moon has no wind
The Moon orbits the Earth in 29.35 days
When the Earth, Moon and Sun are aligned a solar eclipse occurs
When the Moon is on the other side of the Earth you see a lunar eclipse
Starving moon
An Eskimo legend tells the Moon is a god called Anningan, who spends his whole life following the Sun goddess through the sky. Sometimes Anningan is so busy chasing he forgets to eat, becoming thinner just like a crescent Moon. Finally he remembers to eat and fattens up just like a full Moon again.
If you want to learn more about our solar system and our Moon check out these awesome videos!!!
Waning and Waxing
Waning is when all the phases of the Moon are to the left like this one. It means the moons getting smaller. Waxing is when all the phases are to the right like this one. It means getting bigger.
Space book in class

Click-view video our earth in motion

Click view video cycles and seasons

Astronomy book at home


How the phases of the Moon
affects peoples lives?
Since ancient times, people have believed the phase of the Moon called the full moon has affected human behavior. The full Moon is often believed to have special powers, often being blamed for children behaving badly and animals behaving unpredictably. In a mythological sense, the full Moon is believed to turn people into werewolves.

Phase 1
Phase 1 is a New Moon. The New Moon cannot be seen.
Phase 2
Phase 2 is a Waxing Crescent. A Waxing Crescent Moon is sometimes called a young Moon. It is always seen in the west after sunset.
Phase 3
Phase 3 is a First Quarter Moon. A first Quarter Moon shows half of its lighted hemisphere. Half of its day side is shown to Earth.
Phase 4
Phase 4 is a Waxing Gibbous. A Waxing Gibbous moon appears high in the east at sunset. It’s more than half-lighted, but less than full.
Phase 5

Phase 5 is a Full Moon. A Full Moon is where you see the whole Moon.
Phase 6
Phase 6 is a Waning Gibbous. A Waning Gibbous moon sails over the eastern horizon in the hours between sunset and midnight. In the few days after full moon, you’ll often see a Waning Gibbous moon in the west in early morning, floating against the pale blue sky.

Phase 7
Phase 7 is a Third Quarter Moon. A Third Quarter Moon looks half-illuminated. It rises around midnight, appears at its highest in the sky at dawn, and sets around noon.
Phase 8
Phase 8 is a Waning Crescent. A Waning Crescent moon is sometimes called an old moon. It’s seen in the east before dawn.
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