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Ku Klux Klan
Transcript of Ku Klux Klan
Approximately 4,000,000 people nationwide
The KKK is a secret society made up of mostly white American Southerners
The KKK hates Jews, Negroes, Homosexuals and anyone perceived as a threat to the white race.
The KKK Vote "White Power"
The KKK uses terrorist tactics to eliminate their enemies
Worked on reversing the governments progression for the economic equality of Black people
, racism, anti-Catholicism, anti-Communism, Nativism, and anti-Semitism
The second KKK flourished nationwide in the early and mid-1920s
The second wave was formed in 1915 and active until 1944
There is a third wave of the KKK, which are still active today
The first wave started in Pulaski, Tennessee
Spread rapidly across the USA
William J. Simmons started the second wave in Atlanta, Georgia
To restore white supremacy in the aftermath of the American Civil War
To battle issues the KKK saw as disruptive to the 'proper' social order
Gave members a sense of belonging
Their goal was to make sure Black people, Catholics, Communists, Immigrants, and Jews weren't treated equal
Were willing to do what it takes to send their 'message' across
The Ku Klux Klan
The civil rights movement of the 1960s saw a surge of local Klan activity across the South, including bombings, beatings and shootings of black and white activists. These actions, carried out in secret but the work of local Klansmen, outraged the nation and helped win support for the civil rights cause.
Crosses were used primarily as a symbol of intimidation, but also a symbol of the Klan's Christian message~sending their light to God
No crosses had been used as a symbol by the first Klan
In the early 20th century, the Klan burned crosses on hillsides or near the homes of those they wished to intimidate
Then and Now
1871: Three early KKK members captured in Tishomingo County, Mississippi; none wear white nor pointed hoods.
1928: a KKK march in Washington, DC with a variation in costume that preserves the pointed hat but not the mask.
1940: Four KKK members
at gathering in the new costume with face masks
For those that use robes of different colours most use:
Purple (or sometimes blue) – Imperial Wizard
Green (or sometimes red) – Grand Dragon
Reddish-purple – Great Titan
Gold - Exalted Cyclops
Black – Knighthawk (security)
Red – Kleagle
The Knighthawk's black robe is usually shorter so as to allow easier movement.
Robes of the 19th-century KKK were of various colours. In the 20th century, the second KKK adopted white as the standard colour.
The KKK costume was popularized largely during the revival of the Klan from 1915 to 1944 and consists of:
a floor-length, solid-white robe
a white, sharply pointed hat that includes a full faced cloth mask with eyeholes.
The basic costume, which has some rank-based and regional variations, is designed deliberately both to disguise its wearer's identity and to give the wearer an intimidating appearance.
The idea was introduced by Thomas Dixon, Jr., in his novel, The Clansman, in 1905. A cross burning is first described in Book IV Chapter 2 "The Fiery Cross" on pages 324–326 of the 1905 edition. It is introduced by one of the characters as "the old Scottish rite of the burning cross. It will send a thrill of inspiration to every clansmen in the hills."
3. Arrest of Four Klansmen
In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson delivered a speech publicly condemning the Klan and announcing the arrest of four Klansmen in connection with the murder of a white female civil rights worker in Alabama.
With Atticus's lesson of perspective in mind, do you see any reasoning or have any changed opinions about the Ku Klux Klan's actions and how they chose to respond? Explain why or why not.
7. The Ku Klux Klan
by Fred J. Cook
To Kill a Mockingbird
, is set in the 1930s where the second of the three KKK's was active. This book shows how African Americans struggled to receive equality in Maycomb, a racist town in Southern Alabama. The book places emphasis on the fact that people can be cruel and cold-hearted by showing no respect for people of different colour. It also stresses the message that racism is destructive and can kill in a literal sense, which can impact the world negatively
The Tom Robinsion Case is an example of this is in the novel. Tom Robinson is being blamed for a crime he did not commit, but he is automatically given the assumption that he is guilty.
Our topic relates with the world today because, believe it or not, the KKK is still an active organization. The current, or third Klan, started in the 1970s and continues to the present day.
The current members of the KKK
mainly march and protest, they
have meetings and public rallies.
"You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view"
-Atticus Finch ~To Kill A Mockingbird
House burnings, hangings, murder, shootings, etc.
They essentially influenced the nation to treat Black People and other 'threats to the white race' unfairly