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Deforestation & Biodiversity Loss in the Context of Climate

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Meredith Gore

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of Deforestation & Biodiversity Loss in the Context of Climate

Deforestation & Biodiversity Loss in the Context of Climate Change
International & human
dimensions

Dr .Meredith Gore
Department of Fisheries & Wildlife
School of Criminal Justice

International biodiversity conservation
Risks to hotspots
Hunting
Disease
Invasive species
Erosion
Fire
Agriculture
Urbanization
Logging
timber
non-forest timber products
Poverty
Climate change

"Biodiversity hotspots"
Prioritize conservation activities
Direct resources
Focus attention
Maximization-based approach
World's hottest biodiversity hotspot
"Wicked high" endemicity
89% plants
92% mammals
96% reptiles
99% amphibians
80% people live directly off land
Madagascar
Connections
Climate change effects
Security
Poaching, deforestation, tavy, crime
Biodiversity loss
Extinction:
Irreversible
Cascades
Cultural heritage
Human well-being
TOO BIG TO FAIL?????
Impacts
Wet seasons are wetter
Food availability
Cyclones
Sea level rise
Shrinking habitat
Drought = more forest pressure
Conservation & policy responses
Integrated conservation & development programs (ICDPs)
Protected area networks (PANS)
Payments for ecosystem services (PES)
Ecotourism
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Flora & Fauna (CITES)
Resilience decreases
Poverty increases
Social stress
help people & biodiversity cope with climate change
ICDPs
Find a balance b/w opposing forces: conservation & development
Link core park area with improve standards of living for people surrounding the park
alternative agriculture development
improved forest management
improved ecotourism and income-generating enterprises
1. natural resource management outside protected areas
2. community social services
3. nature tourism
4. road construction for market access
5. direct employment
Payments for ES
Carbon sequestration & offsets
Watershed protection
Protected Area Networks
Connect disjointed protected areas to magnify benefits, permit adaptation
reduced isolation
adaptation to extreme events
range expansion & dispersal opportunity
riverine forest corridors
Requirements for success???
Fuel substitution
Alternative livelihoods
Reforestation
"Transfrontier" parks
Fortress conservation
CITES
International convention, 180 parties
Trade should not threaten existence
Subjects certain species to import/export controls
3 Appendices
Climate change effects influences listing decisions
trade management practices
criteria for listing a species
intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing risk
listing decisions & scientific uncertainty
Ecotourism
Global risks, conservation & human behavior
Conservation Criminology
Looking ahead...
Conservation Criminology @ MSU
Natural Resource Policy & Mgt.
Risk & Decision Science
CJ & Criminology
Technical characterization of risks
Crime control
Natural systems & interactions
Conservation Criminology
Holistic ways of thinking about coupled human and natural systems
Suggestions for adapting
&
mitigating to global environmental issues
climate change
Description, explanation, and prediction of solutions to environmental problems
Information sharing/database creation
Move beyond limits of single disciplines
New tools, techniques, resources
Interdisciplinary
different language
buy in from diverse sectors
existence of reliable data
Challenges & Opportunities
Vacations to see wildlife & nature
Create benefits for local residents equal to or more than the costs incurred by PAs
revenue from entrance fees, employment opportunities, tourist spending
Not a panacea!
Unequal distribution of benefits
Benefits small in comparison to cots
Corruption = lack of distribution of funds to communities from PAs
www.conservationcriminology.msu.edu
Influence of climate change on
species & protected area management
people & development policy
international conventions & policies
Move beyond traditional boundaries
academic disciplines
research & policy
experts & laypeople
Full transcript