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Smoking

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by

Nihal Sharaf El-Din

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Smoking

Smoking
what is in a cigarette ?
There are approximately 600 ingredients in cigarettes. When burned, they create more than 7,000 chemicals. At least 69 of these chemicals are known to cause cancer, and many are poisonous.
Here are a few of the chemicals in tobacco smoke, and other places they are found:


Acetone –
found in nail polish remover
Acetic Acid –
an ingredient in hair dye
Ammonia –
a common household cleaner
Arsenic –
used in rat poison
Benzene –
found in rubber cement
Butane –
used in lighter fluid
Cadmium –
active component in battery acid
Carbon Monoxide –
released in car exhaust fumes
Formaldehyde –
embalming fluid
Hexamine –
found in barbecue lighter fluid
Lead –
used in batteries
Naphthalene –
an ingredient in moth balls
Methanol –
a main component in rocket fuel
Nicotine –
used as insecticide
Tar –
material for paving roads
Toluene -
used to manufacture paint
Facts !!
1) Tobacco kills up to half of its users.

2) Tobacco kills nearly 6 million people each year. More than five million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while more than 600 000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Unless urgent action is taken, the annual death toll could rise to more than eight million by 2030.

3) Nearly 80% of the world's one billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries.

4) Consumption of tobacco products is increasing globally, though it is decreasing in some high-income and upper middle-income countries.
Why Do People Smoke??
Nicotine as a drug
Cigarettes are designed to give you a fast nicotine hit. Nicotine causes addiction in much the same way as heroin or cocaine. It is just as addictive as these ‘harder’ drugs. Also smokers start to make a mental link between the act of smoking and feeling good.
Stress and relaxation
Many people claim that smoking helps them to cope with stress. Smokers probably think a cigarette makes them feel better because when they aren’t smoking they suffer from nicotine withdrawal.
The desire to look cool
To a twelve-to-sixteen-year-old kid without much life experience, smoking a cigarette feels like a cool, “mature” thing to do. This is especially true if most of the adults in his or her life (parents, relatives, bosses at work, etc.) smoke cigarettes and have for most of their lives.
Peer pressure
While everyone responds to peer pressure differently, most kids are highly susceptible to its influences when they are in their early teens. This is when they care more about the opinions of their friends than anything else and will do almost anything to stay in their friends’ good graces.

Rebellion
Between the ages of twelve and sixteen, kids also really begin to push the envelope in terms of rules and social boundaries. One way of doing this is to smoke cigarettes.
Weight Control
Whether young or old, some people smoke to control their weight. Smokers, on the average, weigh seven pounds less than non-smokers. Smoking reduces a person’s appetite. It lessens his/her sense of taste and smell.
Health Consequences of Smoking
Heart Disease and Stroke
Studies have shown that early signs of these diseases can be found in adolescents who smoke. Smoking is estimated to increase the risk for coronary heart disease by 2 to 4 times & for stroke by 2 to 4 times.
Cancer
Smoking can cause cancer almost anywhere in your body: Bladder, Blood, Cervix, Colon and rectum, Esophagus, Kidney and ureter, Larynx, Stomach, Trachea, bronchus, and lung.
Smoking & Pregnancy
Smoking increases risks for :
Preterm (early) delivery
Stillbirth (death of the baby before birth)
Low birth weight
Sudden infant death syndrome (known as SIDS or crib death)
Ectopic pregnancy
Smoking can also affect men's sperm, which can reduce fertility and also increase risks for birth defects and miscarriage
Smoking affects the health of your teeth and gums and can cause tooth loss.
HOW IS SMOKING TREATED?
Quitting smoking is a very challenging undertaking that often requires several attempts before you can successfully and permanently quit. The best way to quit smoking is through a multifaceted smoking cessation program that includes :
Nicotine Replacement Therapy
Helps to minimize the nicotine cravings associated with nicotine withdrawal. Nicotine replacement therapy, when used as directed, is generally considered safe, and is safer than the nicotine in cigarettes. This is because nicotine replacement products contain lower amounts of nicotine than cigarettes and do not expose the smoker to the tar and toxic gasses contained in cigarette smoke.
1) Find a strong inner determination to stop smoking.
2) Be positive and confident that you can successfully quit.
Play Exercises & Drink water whenever you want to smoke again.
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