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Transcript of Dracula
Jonathan Harker is a young solicitor who travels to Transylvania to finalize paperwork with a client named Count Dracula. The paperwork is for the house that Dracula bought in London. Jonathan ignores the pleads and warnings of the village's people up until he arrives at the Castle Dracula. There, a series of weird and crazy events lead to Jonathan ending up in a hospital in another town. During his stay, Jonathan keeps a journal of all that transpires between Dracula and himself. He gives this journal to his fiancé Mina once she arrives at the hospital he is residing in, but she does not read it until a little later on.
While Jonathan had been away, Mina kept occupied by writing her own experiences of the days in her own diary. She also writes to her dearest friend Lucy Westenra, and visits her when she can. Her last stay with Lucy is before her dear friend's demise. The witnesses to her sad death were her fiancé Arthur Holmwood, Dr. Seward, Quincey Morris, and Professor Abraham Van Helsing. Van Helsing believes her death isn't at all of natural causes, but of the doings of a greater evil that which Jonathan had fallen to but survived.
Throughout the story each of these characters write their own accounts of what is going on in their own heads and lives during all that is transpiring.
As the story progresses, Mina is soon affected by what had gotten her dear husband and killed her dearest friend. It is a strong battle between life and death, one that no one was willing to lose. It takes some time and a lot of bravery of the men to triumph over the evil that has cast itself over these poor souls.
Good vs. Evil -
The righteous men battle against the evil influences of a vampire attack on the women they love.
"Thus are we ministers of God's own wish: that the world and men for whom His Son die, will not be given over to the monsters, whose very existence would defame him. He have allowed us to redeem one soul already, and we go out like the old knights of the Cross to redeem more. Like them we shall travel towards the sunrise; and like them, if we fall, we fall in good cause." --Van Helsing
Count Dracula is cruel and evil with a thirst for blood. He is strong and powerful but has limitations. He is tall and pale and often seen as a misty figure.
"In such cases men do not need much expression. A grip of the hand, the tightening of an arm over the shoulder, a sob in unison, are expressions of sympathy dear to a man's heart." --Dr. Seward
"When the count saw my face, his eyes blazed with a sort of demonaic fury, and he suddenly made a grab at my throat. I drew away, and his hand touched the string of beads which held the crucifix. It made an instant change in him, for the fury passed so quickly that I could hardly believe it was ever there."
-Jonathan Harker Chapter 2
"a man, tall and thin, and ghastly pale... I crept behind it, and gave it my knife; but the knife went right through it, empty as the air"
The Promise of Christian Salvation-
Men are supposed to be strong, brave, and decisive, and women are supposed to be sweet, pure, and innocent.
Blood: The main object associated with vampires and vampirism; it is the symbol of life and humanity.
"She is one of God's women, fashioned by His own hand to show us men and other women that there is a heaven where we can enter, and that it's light can be here on earth. So true, so sweet, so noble, so little and egoist - and that, let me tell you, is much in this age, so sceptical and selfish." --Van Helsing
Mina "Murray" Harker
"I tried to kill him for the purpose of strengthening my vital powers by the assimilation with my own body of his life through the medium of his blood-relying, of course, upon the Scriptural phrase, 'For the blood is the life.'" - Renfield
Although we don't learn much of Van Helsing's background, he plays a large role in the plot of the story. He is well educated in medicines, wise, and often reserved in his emotions.
All of the dead are granted the unparalleled peace of salvation - only the "Un-Dead" are barred from it. Death of the undead releasing them from their hell.
The wafer and the crucifix
These represent strength in religion and belief in God. Throughout the story the characters pray to God for protection over themselves or their loved ones while holding a crucifix. The crucifix as well as the wafer serves as a protection from Dracula and his powers.
"Ah, we men and women are like ropes drawn tight with strain that pull us different ways. Then tears come; and, like the rain on the ropes, they brace us up, until perhaps the strain becomes too great, and we break. But King Laugh he come like the sunshine, and he ease off the strain again; and we bear to go on with our labour, what it may be."
“Poor Mina told me just now, with the tears running down her dear cheeks, that it is in trouble and trial that our faith is tested. That we must keep on trusting, and that God will aid us up to the end. The end! Oh my God! What end?”…God can, if He wishes it, guard me as well alone as with any one present." -Jonathan Harker
"There in the coffin lay no longer the foul Thing that we had so dreaded and grown to hate that the work of her destruction was yielded as privilege to the one best entitled to it, but Lucy as we had seen her in her life, with her face of unequalled sweetness and purity. True that there were there, as we had seen them in life, the traces of care and pain and waste; but these were all dear to us, for they marked her truth to what we knew. One and all we felt the holy calm that lay like sunshine over the wasted face and form was only an earthly token and symbol of the calm that was to reign for ever." --Dr. Seward
Mina "Murray" Harker
Mina is the love interest of Jonathan and is a kind and caring woman. She is looked at as a mother figure by all the men.
"He stood up then sat down again, and the tears ran down his cheeks. I felt an infinite pity for him, and opened my arms unthinkingly. With a sob he laid his head on my shoulder, and cried like a weary child, whilst he shook with emotion.
Renfield is a symbol of redemption in Dracula. He is introduced as a lunatic in John Seward's asylum that believes that by eating small organisms such as spiders and flies that he will gain their life force and therefore live forever (as long as he keeps eating them). Even though he is a lunatic, he is very aware of his surroundings and even himself; switching from insane ramblings to very normal conversations between himself and John Seward or Mina Harker (of whom he is very fond of). Renfield is apparently a servant to Dracula, often referring to him as his "Master." However, when Dracula preys on Mina Harker to drink from her, Renfield willingly sacrifices himself to protect her.
"Then I suppose I must only shift my ground of request. Let me ask for this concession... I am content to implore in such a case, not on personal grounds, but for the sake of others. I am not at liberty to give you the whole of my reasons; but you may, I assure you, take it from me that they are good ones, sound and unselfish, and springing from the highest sense of duty." -Renfield
Dracula is full of cultural and historical significance. The people of the Victorian era were very superstitious and religious, often carrying crucifixes with them wherever they go. Women were expected to be pure, vulnerable, and weak while men were expected to be the caregivers and protectors. Bram Stoker used the myth of Dracula in his novel to strike fear into the hearts of his readers, while also associating him with sin. Many religious objects were used in the book, and at different times they used their faith in God to spur them on until the end.
by Bram Stoker
Born in Dublin, November 1947
Childhood illness that kept him bedridden until age 7
Attended Trinity College; graduated with honors.
Wrote theatre reviews for the Dublin Evening Mail as an unpaid hobby.
Worked as the business manager of Sir Henry Irving's Lyceum Theatre in London for 27 years.