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Copy of Cohesion

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Alan Simpson

on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Cohesion

Group cohesion
A dynamic process which is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of the goals and objectives.

Examples of group cohesion
A good example of team cohesion would be the Barcelona team. They are mostly Spanish and this is also why the Spain national team are such a good side, because most of the Barcelona team are in the starting line up and they bond well and have good team chemistry.
Examples of in incohesive cohesion
Task Cohesion
Task cohesion is where a group of people work together to achieve common objectives and goals.
Incohesive Cohesion
An in cohesive group is a group that is together but are not very sociable towards each other and don't interact much.
An example of an in cohesive group would be the Red Bull F1 team, as the two drivers, Webber and Vettel, are on the same team but only one driver can win the championship.
The Arsenal side of 2003/04 is a great example of task cohesion, who went unbeaten throughout the season.
Social Cohesion
Social cohesion is where a group possess bonding links to one another and interact as a whole and individually.
Forming of a team is the first part of four stages in which teams are first getting to know each other and start comparing each other and identifying their team mates' strengths and weaknesses. Coaches will often develop group tasks to increase cohesion.
In this stage, resistance to the leader of the group is a common occurrence. As team rules are implicated, levels of resistance tend to also rise. Social, emotional and sometimes physical confrontations arise and coaches often develop strategies to decrease stress.

Norming is the stage in which the team players start to get used to eachothers lifestyles and differences. Socializing starts to occur, and contribution to the team's goal starts to develop, as they start to show signs of a real team.
Social loafing in sport is the behavior of team members in a sporting activity which reduces the efforts of their contribution to the team. It's thought to be caused by motivation loss. The Ringlemann effect is the tendency for individual members of a group to become increasingly less productive as the size of their group increases. this is because there is more of them so they don't think they have to work as hard. There is lack of motivation because the more people there is in a group it means that others can pass the workload and think they don't have to perform as well as before so the larger the group the less motivation people have because individuals performances aren't as good as they can rely on others to make up for there mistakes so they lack motivation. for example in a football team the strikers feel they don't have to pressure the ball and work as hard because there is another 9 players on the team behind them who can make up for them not working as hard so people start to pass their job onto others.
Social loafing

Motivational speech
Confidence results from the comparison an athlete makes between the goal and their ability. The athlete will have self-confidence if they believe they can achieve their goal. When an athlete has self confidence they will tend to: persevere even when things are not going to plan, show enthusiasm, be positive in their approach and take their share of the responsibility in success and fail. Confidence is a positive state of mind and a belief that you can meet the challenge ahead - a feeling of being in control. It is not the situation that directly affects confidence; thoughts, assumptions and expectations can build or destroy confidence.

A test designed to measure certain psychological traits. Profile Of Mood States (POMS) is a popular tool among sport psychologists who have used it to compare the prevailing moods of elite athletes and non-athletes.


Your personality can affect your sports performance in the type of sport you like and excel it. Personalities are described by how introverted or extroverted you are. Introverts are people who are quiet and more thoughtful, while extroverts are more loud and excited people. Introverts like sports that require concentration, intricate skills and individual performance, while extroverts like team sports, fast paced, and low concentration type of sports.
What is Profile of Mood States?
When the team reaches the "performing" stage, hard work leads directly to progress towards the shared vision of their goal, supported by the structures and processes that have been set up. Individual team members may join or leave the team without affecting the performing culture.
Motivation is an internal process that makes a person want to achieve their goals.

Extrinsic motivation is when we are motivated to perform a behavior or take part in an activity in order to earn a reward or avoid a punishment.

Intrinsic motivation involves taking part in a action/activity because it is personally rewarding. It is performing an activity for your own reason rather than for a external reward.
Stress is a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances.

Anxiety is a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.

Arousal is your level of excitement and readiness to perform. Arousal can have positive and negative effects on your performance.
Alan Simpson - SERC Sport
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