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Relative Clauses Presentation Grammar

relative clauses, relative pronouns, defining and nondefining relative clauses.
by

Xavier Grustan

on 3 July 2017

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Transcript of Relative Clauses Presentation Grammar

Relative clauses
when do you use them?
Relative clauses,
are used to give additional information about something without adding another sentence.
With the help of relative clauses, your text becomes more fluent, and avoids repetitive words.
What are relative pronouns?
WHO
Subject or object pronoun
for people. (like : she, he).
My sister
who lives in France
came to see me.
Object pronoun for people.
(When you replace him/her).
Subject or object pronoun
for animals and things.
whom
which
Subject or object pronoun
of people, animals and things.
that
Possession for people,
animals & things.
whose
The lady to whom
I spkoke yesterday
is the headmistress
of the school
The phone
which we bought
is new.
I didn’t like
the movie that we
saw yesterday
Any student whose
mark is lower than 5
will fail the subject
common
mistakes

Defining
relative clauses give detailed information
defining a general term
. These clauses are
not
put between commas.
Non-Defining
relative clauses give
additional
information about something, but it is
not essential
. These clauses are put between
commas.
We use it when we want
to talk about a place.
where
I often travel
to Mexico where
I once lived.
We use it when we want
to talk about time.
when
She lived in the
Dark Ages when
life was very hard.
We can leave out the object pronoun in defining relative clauses.
The woman (who)
I saw at the gym
is nice.
But this is not possible
with the subject pronoun.
The woman
who
saw me at the gym is nice.
The woman saw me at the gym is nice.
When we are
When we use
non-definding when
My mother's sister
,
who'll be visiting us tomorrow
,

lives in Australia.
My mother's sister
[pause]
who'll be visiting us tomorrow
[pause]
lives in Australia.

WHAT DO THEY MEAN?
EXTRA
,
ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION. you can do well without it.


My brother, who lives in France, came to see me
”.
WHAT DO THEY MEAN?
ESSENTIAL
AND
DEFINING
INFORMATION.

“My brother
who lives in France
came to see me”

The console (that/which)
I bought
is the best.
DEFINING vs NON-DEFINING
- My brother, who lives in France, came to see me.
Non-defining -> I only have one brother and he lives in France
- My brother who lives in France came to see me
Defining -> I have more than one brother. The one who came is the one who lives in France
Brother living in France
'That's Me'
That's me
He lives in France
He lives in New York
He lives
in Canada

I don't know where he lives
SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
The console is the best. I bought a console
Use to indicate a non-defining is being used

Full transcript