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AQA Relationship Cluster

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by

claire johnson

on 31 January 2011

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Transcript of AQA Relationship Cluster

AQA Relationship Cluster

Literary Heritage Ghazal by Mimi Khalvati

If I am the grass and you the breeze, blow through me.
If I am the rose and you the bird, then woo me.

If you are the rhyme and I the refrain, don’t hang
on my lips, come and I’ll come too when you cue me.

If yours is the iron fist in the velvet glove
when the arrow flies, the heart is pierced, tattoo me.

If mine is the venomous tongue, the serpent’s tail,
charmer, use your charm, weave a spell and subdue me.

If I am the laurel leaf in your crown, you are
the arms around my bark, arms that never knew me.

Oh would that I were bark! So old and still in leaf
And you, dropping in my shade, dew to bedew me!

What shape should I take to marry your own, have you
- hawk to my shadow, moth to my flame – pursue me?

If I rise in the east as you die in the west,
die for my sake, my love, every night renew me.

If, when it ends, we are just good friends, be my friend,
muse, lover and guide, Shamsuddin to my Rumi.

Be heaven and earth to me and I’ll be twice the me
I am, if only half the world you are to me. What is a Ghazal?

A poem o between 5 and 12 couplets (also known as a ‘sher’ in Urdu)
No enjambment between the couplets
Second line of each couplet usually ends with a refrain
Rhyme scheme is AA, BA, CA,… etc
Each couplet is a sentence and could be an independent poem in itself, but can share the same theme when all are put togethe GHAZAL In Urdu "to converse with beloved"
In Persian "Talking to women"
Sounds like Gazelle (Antelope) LOVE, LOSS AND SEPERATION Beautiful

Nimble

Special Each couplet in the poem show how the lover
and the beloved go together; if one is the grass the other is the breeze (couplet 1, line 1). If one is evil the other is a charm (couplet 4, line 8-10). Poetic Devices: Alliteration "on my lips, come and I'll come too when you cue me." (couplet 2, line 4) Alusion "If, when it ends, we are just good friends, be my Friend,
muse, lover and guide, Shamsuddin to my Rumi".
(couplet 9, line 17-18) Rumi was a famous Persian poet who
wrote many Ghazals Shamsuddin was his
siritual instructor Why include them in this Ghazal? They had a a very sacred and special friendship. They had high adoration (love and regard) for each other as friends and as mentor and student. They realtionship is a symbol of a really meanigful friendship. Connotation "Be heaven and eart to me and i'll be twice the me".
(couplet 10, line 19)
This is an explicit description of heaven and earth whilst suggesting that their loved one will remain in their lives being good and truthful to them. End stopped lines and enjambment "Oh would that I were bark! So old and still in leaf.
And you, dropping in my shade, dew to bedew me!" (couplet 6, lines 11-12) "If you are the rhyme and I the refrain, don't hang
on my lips, come and I'll come too when you cue me." (couplet 2, lines 3-4) Figurative language
and imagery "If yours is the iron fist in the velvet glove
when the arrow flies, the heart is pierced, tatoo me."
(couplet 3, lines 5-6) Metaphor implying domestic violence. Personification "Oh would that I were bark! So old and still in leaf.
And you, dropping in my shade, dew to bedew me!" (couplet 6, lines 11-12) "If mine is the venomous tounge, the serpent's tail,..."
(couplet 4, lines 7-8) Many human traits are endowed with nature,
animals and inanimate objects. A calm atmosphere is created by the sweet tone of the persona. The poem talks about a lover and their beloved. The beloved appears not to return the feelings of the persona yet they remain enchanted and powerless to resit their feelings. The lover is besotted and infatuated by their beloved. The lover is passive whilst the beloved is in control. The ending of the poem shows that not everything in life is definite; their love may be strong but it might not last forever Sexual Innuendos

Some very sweet, and gentle, sexual innuendos
“… then woo me.” (Couplet 1, Line 2)
“… use your charm, weave a spell and subdue me.” (Couplet 4, Line 8)

Paraphrased:
"... advance towards me." or "... seek me as a romantic partner."
"... use your charm to tame me." Contemporary Poems The Manhunt by Simon Armitage
Hour by Carol Ann Duffy
In Paris with You by James Fenton
Quickdraw by Carol Ann Duffy
Ghazal by Mimi Khalvati
Brothers by Andrew Forster
Praise Song for My Mother by Grace Nichols
Harmonium by Simon Armitage
Sonnet 116 by William Shakespeare
Sonnet 43 by Elizabeth Barrett Browning
To His Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvell
The Farmer's Bride by Charlotte Mew
Sister Maude by Christina Georgina Rossetti
Nettles by Vernon Scannell
Born Yesterday by Philip Larkin
If I am the grass and you the breeze, blow through me.
If I am the rose and you the bird, then woo me.

If you are the rhyme and I the refrain, don’t hang
on my lips, come and I’ll come too when you cue me.

If yours is the iron fist in the velvet glove
when the arrow flies, the heart is pierced, tattoo me.

If mine is the venomous tongue, the serpent’s tail,
charmer, use your charm, weave a spell and subdue me.

If I am the laurel leaf in your crown, you are
the arms around my bark, arms that never knew me.

Oh would that I were bark! So old and still in leaf
And you, dropping in my shade, dew to bedew me!

What shape should I take to marry your own, have you
- hawk to my shadow, moth to my flame – pursue me?

If I rise in the east as you die in the west,
die for my sake, my love, every night renew me.

If, when it ends, we are just good friends, be my friend,
muse, lover and guide, Shamsuddin to my Rumi.

Be heaven and earth to me and I’ll be twice the me
I am, if only half the world you are to me. Poetic Devices:
Praise Song for My Mother

You were
water to me
deep and bold and fathoming

You were
moon’s eye to me
pull and grained and mantling

You were
sunrise to me
rise and warm and streaming

You were
the fishes red gill to me
the flame tree’s spread to me
the crab’s leg/the fried plantain smell
replenishing replenishing

Go to your wide futures, you said


GRACE NICHOLS

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