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Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Transcript of Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Approximate age 2 - 7 years
Children begin to think symbolically and learn to use words and pictures to represent objects.
Concrete Operational Stage
Approximate age 7 - 11 years
Children begin to think logically about concrete events
Develop the concept of reversibility
Less egocentric thought, and can understand another's point of view
Formal Operational Stage
What Influences Cognitive Development?
Experience with the physical and social environments
Piaget's Stages of Development
Based on the following assumptions:
Mastery of each stage is necessary before progressing on to the next.
Though stages are fixed, the age at which one may be in a particular stage may vary.
Piaget's Life and Death
Born in Switzerland August 9th, 1896
Died September 16th, 1980
What is Equilibration?
A balancing act between applying previous knowledge and changing behavior to account for new knowledge
Approximate age birth - 2 years
Child's actions are spontaneous and rooted in the present.
Knows the world through his/her movements and sensations.
Approximate age 11 to adult
Abstract thought emerges, and children are able to think about hypothetical situations
Theory of Cognitive Development
Best known for his stages of cognitive development
Implications of Piaget's
Theory for Education
Understand Cognitive development
Keep students active
Provide school interaction
Understand Cognitive Development
Piaget's theory recognizes that is is important for educators to understand where students function/what
stage they are in
Students are in different stages of cognitive development
and do not function on the same level
Keep Students Active
Utilize active exploration and
hands-on activities in class
Keeping students active facilitates
active construction of knowledge
Teachers should give students opportunities to
solve problems, but end up at the wrong answer
Help students see through the mistakes to determine
the correct answer
Critical thinking is utilized
Provide Social Interactions
to help students cognitive development,
provide social interactions in order for
students to have other points of view
Prior to developing lessons,
evaluate students developmental
Build enrichment into lessons
Utilize differentiated instruction to meet
the needs of all students
Misssmith891 (2011, April 26) Piaget's Stages of Development.
Retrieved February 10, 2014 from http://youtube.com/watch?v=TRF27Fbn-A
Piaget's Stages: An overview of Piaget's stages of cognitive development.
Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/l/bl-piaget-stages.htm
Schunk, D (2012). Learning Theories: An American Perspective. Peason, Boston.
Jean Piaget's theory of
Cognitive development is a
discusses the philosophical
nature of learning
presents that learners create their own learning
demonstrates that people are active learners and develop knowledge themselves
Impact in education...
teachers should understand that
learners construct their own
use of integrated curriculum
learners become actively involved with
the manipulation of material and social
Formal Operational stage. Retrieved from
Jean Piaget. Retrieved from
Sensimotor stage Retrieved from