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Transcript of The Hajj
By:Katrina Mertins Why Take the Journey The entire purpose of the Hajj is to receive Allah's forgiveness. Muslims must complete it once in their lifetime. Great Mosque This is the holiest shrine in Islam. It encloses the Kaaba. It dates back to the 16th century. Niyyah Ihram Tawaf Kaaba Umrah This is the intention made to do the Hajj. Decide whether you are going to Mecca for the hajj or some other intention. From this point forward there is no sex and no killing of animals. This is the dress code set for the Hajj. The meaning is that you are submitting yourself wholeheartedly to God's will. Women wear plain loose dresses that cover entire body except for face hands and feet. Men wear two unsewn pieces of white cloth. As the pilgrims enter Mecca, they must circle the Kabba 7 times. Start by kissing the black stone . Go in the anti clockwise rotation. Talbiyah As pilgrims get to Mecca, they start reciting the Talbiyah. It is recited as a song. This is the first house of God. It was built by Adam. It is built so that a throne could be placed inside it. After Adam died, the Kaaba washed away. Abraham and Ishmael rebuilt it, but this time rectangular. It is covered by a special black cloth covering it. It is not something that is worshiped. The Pilgrims feel very close with God when near it, and many prophets had prayed there also. After performing tawaf, pilgrims say a short prayer in front of the door to the Kaaba.
- Drink water from the Zamzam("Stop, stop")
- Walk seven times between two small hillocks, called Safa and Marwah.
This was installed by Abraham remembering the story of Hagar searching for water for her baby and running back and forth between the two hillocks when an angel leads her to water. Mina On the 7th or 8th day of the Dhul Hijja, all pilgrims have a bath. They put on ihram again again and go to the valley of Mina, three miles from the Kaaba. This is typically a city of tents. Arafat This is the most important step of the Hajj. Pilgrims visit the plain of Arafat. It was on Mount Arafat that Adam and Eve, separated for 200 years following their expulsion from the Garden of Eden, recognized each other and were reunited. Here too they were forgiven by Allah, the Merciful, for their transgression. This is a day to ask Allah for forgiveness, and lift all sins off of one's shoulders. Return to Mina via Muzdalifah Shaving the Head Becoming a Hajjis/Hajjah Pilgrims travel by foot or caravan and go to Muzdalifah by sunset. They say their prayers together and move on to Mina by morning. Once back in Mina, the pilgrims throw stones at the 3 pillars representing where the devil tried to disuade Abraham and Ishmail when they were traveling to go sacrifice Ishmail for God. Throwing the stones represents driving the devil away from them. On the tenth day, many pilgrims offer a sheep or goat as a sacrifice to God, portraying when Abraham was to sacrifice his son to God. The meat is distributed among the poor. After completing the sacrifice, pilgrims can shave their head or shorten their hair. This must be done by someone not in Ihram. After completing the last tawaf of throwing stones at Satan, each pilgrim becomes hajjis and hajjahs and can return home.