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Women in the 1900's
Transcript of Women in the 1900's
- women appeared in professions from which they previously had been excluded.
Education Women Today... Could not vote Could own properties only when single Could not make wills or sign contracts Could not initiate divorce Could not sue or be sued Basically lived to be give birth, and to serve man. Marry a man and lose all property Give birth Serve her husband and do the "mother's job" for the rest Good form of slavery ! Upper working class Lower working class Under Working class This ideal of womanhood had essentially four parts--four characteristics any good and proper young woman should cultivate:
Cult of Domesticity Piety Purity Domesticity Submissiveness How did women seek for more rights in the 1800s? Industrial Revolution Women started to work! having ability to earn money gave them more independence. Women had fewer children & lived healthier lives In the past, many women died giving birth
– fewer children, longer life! => want more rights! Education became mandatory for both genders Oberlin College in Ohio – first to admit woman in (1837)
- Many women participated in abolition/ anti-slavery movements because the African Americans and women had similar status => made women’s role in public more prominent
- 1840 First World’s Anti-Slavery Convention voted against female participation
- 1848 first women’s rights convention took place => Declaration of Sentiments - protest women’s lack of legal and political rights
Abolitionism and Declaration of sentiments Catherine Beecher Elizabeth Cady Stanton Lucretia Coffin Mott Catharine Esther Beecher September 6, 1800 – May 12, 1878
American educational reformer, author
Hartford Female Seminary
A Treatise on Domestic Economy
Ladies Society for Promoting Education
American Women's Educational Association
The American Woman’s Home (1869) Treatise on Domestic Economy “The mother forms the character of the future man;… the wife sways the heart, whose energies may turn for good or for evil the destinies of a nation… Let the women of a country be made virtuous and intelligent, and the men will certainly be the same. The proper education of a man decides the welfare of an individual; but educate a woman, and the interest of a whole family are secured.”
Catherine Beecher • Born on January 3, 1793 in Nantucket, Massachusetts.
• Outspoken leader of the antislavery and women's rights movements in America.
• She became a Quaker minister in 1821.
• In 1840, Mott attended the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London, England.
• In 1848 she and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, organized the first women's rights convention in the United States at Seneca Falls, New York.
• In 1850, she published her book, Discourse on Women
• After slavery was abolished in 1865, Mott supported the rights of black Americans to vote.
• She continued her involvement in causes for peace and equality through her later years. Lucretia Coffin Mot Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902)
•Women's rights activist, feminist, editor, and writer. She graduated from the Emma Willard's Troy Female Seminary in 1832 and then was drawn to the abolitionist, temperance, and women's rights movements through visits to the home of her cousin, the reformer Gerrit Smith. •During the Civil War Elizabeth Cady Stanton concentrated her efforts on abolishing slavery. • In 1868, she worked with Susan B. Anthony on the Revolution, a militant weekly paper. The two then formed the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) in 1869. • Stanton was the NWSA’s first president - a position she held until 1890. “. . . The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. . . . He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise. He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she has no voice. . .”