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Svenska

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by

Arina B.

on 8 June 2012

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Transcript of Svenska

å
ö
ä
Svenska språket:
crash course.

Hej!
Välkommen!
Hej!
Välkommen!
"The beginning of wisdom is to call things by their right names"
Do you know anyone called
Göran?
Well... let's hope you don't forget to call him
[Yoran]
Surname

Berg
(mountain) should be pronounced like

[Byari]
There are 1558 Swedish words you already know
1558 words, terms, or acronyms are identical cognates (in spelling, but not necessary in meaning) in both the Swedish and English languages.
Words include country names such as England, Columbia, and Argentina, religion such as Baptism, Hinduism, Presbyterian and other more common terms such as liberal, pentagon, pilsner, Viking, accent, access, adapter, album, charter, dilemma, digital, donation, irritation, salt, socialist, tunnel, avocado tiger, and fusion along with many others. Most of these common words have Germanic, Latin or French roots; such as champagne, déjà vu or résumé.

Bryson, Bill. - "The Mother Tongue"
Words in common use:

English
~ 200,000
German
~ 184,000
French
~ 100,000
Swedish
~ 40,000
This means, to learn fluent Swedish you only have 38,442 more words to memorize!
BUT...
is it that easy?
Hej då!
Adjö!
album
=

album
access
=

access
bonus
=

bonus
cash
=

cash
bra
=
bra
full
=
full
fast
=
fast
gift
=

gift
semester
=
semester
argum
E
nt
c
O
ntr
O
ller
experim
E
nt
individu
A
l
pres
E
nt
probl
E
m
vit
A
l
JA?
... sometimes to sound "Swedish" it is enough to put a word stress in a wrong place...
... or do a small trick with last 4 letters ...
presentation [presenta
hun
]
inspiration

[inspira
hun
]
vision [vi
hun
]
mission [mi
hun
]
division [divi
hun
]
... or learn 3 additional Swedish letters and use 2 of them as words ...
Nej?
eller
Ö = ISLAND
Å = RIVER
TACK!
Thank You!
... or sometimes it is like nothing to do ...
Easy?
Well...
In
English
SEMESTER stands for hard work in studies
... well, maybe with some exceptions :-)
Whereas in
Swedish
SEMESTER means a
VACATION
In Sweden you will hear word BRA very often...
... because there it means GOOD
If you want to say "I am fast" ("Jag är FAST")...
... in Sweden it would mean your are FIXED
"I am full" ("Jag är FULL") may be taken as...
... "I am DRUNK" in Sweden
Gift is absolutelly not a gift in Sweden ...
... it means eigher you are MARRIED or POISON
Good news:
there are only 2 genders in Swedish,

en
and
ett
Bad news:
there is no clear rule for gender, so you will just need to learn it for every single word
Good news:
80% of Swedish words are
en
-words and 20% are
ett
-words, so if you don't know the correct gender, statistically you have higher chances to end with
en-
words
Example
NB! A bit of a boring grammar
Good news:
Swedish nouns' logic is same as English - word can be eigher definite or indefinite (like
a
&
the
)
Bad news again:
to put a correct indefinite or definite form you will still need to learn the gender
Hmmm... some more bad news to come:
even if you learn the gender for singular, you will need to make an additional effort to learn words in plural.
Example
Ok-ok! ...some other time maybe
a
bank =
en
bank
the
bank = bank
en
a
penny =
ett
öre
the
penny = ör
et
Svenska for beginners: TEST
På en
å
är en
ö,
och på
ön
är en
å
[Po en o ä en ö, o po ön ä en o]
On a river is an island, and on the island is a river
en
en
en
en
en
en
en
en
en
en
ett
ett
Do you like puzzles?
Then Swedish family relationships are for you.
mother =
mor
father =
far
brother =
bror
sister =
syster
mormor

far
mor

farfar

mor
far

mor
bror

far
bror
fa
ster

mo
ster
son =
son
daughter =
dotter
syster
dotter

bror
son
brors
dotter

syster
son
Chinese proverb
NB! Watch out when pronouncing a Swedish name: it may give you a surprise :-)
I had one with a name
KERSTIN
sounds like
[Shyashtin ]
So here are some names you may have problems with...
Any
Lars
?
[Lash]
actually.
And by now you are familiar with Swedish letter
å
, so you can correctly read surname
Wastå
[Vasto].
In surnames
Björknert
and
Carlsmeden
you should remove one letter:
[Björknet]
&
[Kalsmeden]
LAGOM
is a special word in Swedish:
not too much, not too little
not too big, not too small
not too long, not too short
not too early, not too late
not too...
basically, just in the middle, just to be right
Sju söta sjösjuka sjuksköterskor seglar med segelskepp till Shanghaj
Seven cute seasick nurses sail on a sailship to Shanghai
TEST: say the following phrase
SLUT
ET
The

End
Full transcript