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graffiti art lesson

from street to gallery art
by

Krista Richard

on 15 August 2014

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Transcript of graffiti art lesson

Graffiti Art: From the Streets to High-End Galleries
Graffiti art, and underground street culture in general, has long been seen as provocative and uncompromising. It has close connections to gang culture; originally vandalizing objects and places to mark their territory.
Today, graffiti art is now a respected and new art form, a rich medium with no restrictions and plenty of freedom to work with.
Graffiti is a subjective art form. Some regard it as a new and rising art form, and others regard it as plain vandalism.
In most countries it is regarded illegal.
Thus graffiti art is sometimes referred to as ‘underground art’. Artists are forced to create their works in the dark, hiding from the police, officials and the common city dwellers.
Graffiti Hurts Your Community
While many young people believe that graffiti is art, it is actually a crime. The unlawful defacement of a person's property is a criminal offense. The crime not only costs the "artist" money (the cost of the paint), but it costs the neighborhood money, too. Business owners and home owners incur a tremendous expense in graffiti removal. Additionally, stores lose business when shoppers opt to leave the community, to shop at a safe, cleaner-looking store.
Graffiti Lingo 101
TAG
The most basic form of graffiti, a writer's signature with marker or spray paint. It is the writer's logo, his/her stylized personal signature. If a tag is long it is sometimes abbreviated to the first two letters or the first and last letter of the tag. Also may be ended with the suffixes "one", "ski", "rock", "em" and "er".
Graffiti Lettering Styles
3D-Shadow Letters
Wildstyle
Bubble
Fat Cap
Calligraffiti
Shadow Letters
Blockbuster
3D Lettering
Wildstyle
It’s hard to classify most types of graffiti lettering. The styles develop organically, with only loose foundations. Lettering styles can sometimes be traced back to the person who originally developed them. Such is the case with Wildstyle, which was first thought up and practiced by Tracy 168 and Stay **** 149 in New York. Wildstyle graffiti is complex and often difficult to read for people who aren’t familiar with graffiti lettering. The style has taken off all over the world and has evolved as it’s been passed from continent to continent.
Bubble Letters
Blockbuster Letters
Types of Graffiti Art
Tag: Tagging is the simplest type of graffiti, consisting of the writer’s street name in one color.
Throw-Up: A throw-up is a little more complicated than a tag, usually having two or three colors, but not nearly as elaborate as a piece. A throw-up is something that can be done quickly and repeatedly, while still identifying the writer.
Stencil:
Using stencils is a quick and effective way to put up somewhat-complicated pieces very quickly. By holding the stencil against the wall and spraying, you can get a much more detailed picture than you would be able to with just a spray can.
Stickers (Slaps):
Stickers are a quick and easy (some say lazy) way to throw up a tag quickly. Graffiti writers used to use the “Hi, My Name Is” name tag stickers, but these days it’s also common to see them on the free address labels you can get from the Post Office. It’s just as likely to see elaborate, professional-looking printed stickers with a message or image plastered all over. Graffiti artists like stickers because they can take their time on the art in private, then quickly slap them up wherever.
Piece:
A piece (short for masterpiece) is a graffiti painting, much more complex than a tag and having at least three colors. Pieces are hard to do illegally because of the time and effort involved, so a good piece will gain a lot of respect for that particular graffiti artist. As graffiti has gotten more respect as a legitimate art form, a lot of pieces have been commissioned – or at least the artists given permission to put them up.
Blockbuster: A blockbuster is used to cover maximum area in a minimal amount of time. Often consisting of large block letters, the blockbuster can be accomplished with paint rollers and two or three colors of paint. Usually a blockbuster is put up to cover up other work or block other writers from putting anything up on the same area.
Artist who brought graffiti art to galleries
Jean Michel Basquiat
Jean-Michel Basquiat was
an American artist. He began as an obscure graffiti artist in New York City in the late 1970s and evolved into an acclaimed Neo-expressionist and Primitivist painter by the 1980s.
Keith Harring
“One day, riding the subway, I saw this empty black panel where an advertisement was supposed to go. I immediately realized that this was the perfect place to draw. I went back above ground to a card shop and bought a box of white chalk, went back down and did a drawing on it. It was perfect–soft black paper; chalk drew on it really easily.”

“I kept seeing more and more of these black spaces, and I drew on them whenever I saw one. Because they were so fragile, people left them alone and respected them; they didn’t rub them out or try to mess them up. It gave them this other power. It was this chalk-white fragile thing in the middle of all this power and tension and violence that the subway was. People were completely enthralled.”
Banksy
Banksy is a pseudonymous English graffiti artist, political activist, film director, and painter. His satirical street art and subversive epigrams combine dark humor with graffiti done in a distinctive stenciling technique.
meaning 'false name', is a state of disguised identity.
pseudonymous
Frank Shepard
aka: Fairey
He first became known for his "Andre the Giant Has a Posse" (…OBEY…) sticker campaign, in which he appropriated images from the comedic supermarket tabloid Weekly World News. His work became more widely known in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, specifically his Barack Obama "Hope" poster.
BLEK LE RAT /ORIGINAL STENCIL PIONEER
"Every time I think I've painted something slightly original, I find out that Blek Le Rat has done it as well. Only twenty years earlier." Banksy, 2005
C215
French Stenciler
C215's art is about bringing the forgotten to our awareness, namely the homeless, the elderly, refugees, street kids.
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