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Was Queen Elizabeth I a successful monarch?

History project, Year 8. In this presentation I have included information about the strengths and weaknesses of Elizabeth I, and evaluated whether the evidence shows Queen Elizabeth really was as successful as people think her to be.

Lucy Hong

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Was Queen Elizabeth I a successful monarch?

By Lucy Hong
History Project
8F CVJ Was Queen Elizabeth I a successful monarch? Queen Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She reigned from 1558 to 1603, and these 45 years are often referred to as ‘The Golden Age’.
Elizabeth I was, and still is considered one of the most enigmatic, intelligent and powerful Queens ever to rule.
Her headstrong, striving personality and clever plans show how she knew what she doing and had control over her land and her people.
So, was Queen Elizabeth’s success in certain areas down to her own prestigious ideas or because of the coincidental situations?
This presentation will give views of both sides of the issues, with a conclusion to determine whether Elizabeth I really was as successful as many people perceive her to be. Elizabeth I – An Overview Success?
Compared to Mary I, less people killed for religion.
Protestants vs. Catholics reasonable balance (Religious Settlement, 1559).
Religious extremists threatened peace.
England threatened by Catholic countries (Spain).
Mainly successful - too harsh to Recusants in Act of Uniformity? Religion Success?
Death of Mary = remove Protestant threat.
Mary possibly not guilty.
Execute Catholic champion cause war with Spain.
Spain invading (rebellions) was a dangerous problem. Elizabeth could have released or reasoned with Mary. Mary Queen of Scots Success?
Poor Law (1601) split up deserving/ undeserving poor.
Parishes care for their poor.
Poor Law unsuccessful - people still in poverty.
Poor Law failed - cruel punishments did not alter situation of poverty. The Poor Success?
No marriage = Strong ruler
‘Married to English people’ shows devotion
Ignored Parliamentary advice for marriage.
Didn’t have an heir.
Lost potential power and aid from ‘husband’ for country.
Elizabeth’s affection to English was loyal, but overall consequence (no heir) resulted in end of Tudors. Marriage and Succession Looking through each theme, there are many successes and failures on Elizabeth’s behalf during her reign.
I think that Queen Elizabeth was successful to the meaning of ‘Queen’ itself. She was a proud, superior ruler with many charms, but some of her irrational choices resulted in problems which could have been avoided.
Certain choices that she made, including the Act of Uniformity, were well selected. However, like mentioned before, if Elizabeth had eased into the Protestant area more gradually, her plan would not have backfired so fast, resulting in less rebellions and internal dilemmas.
Executing Mary Queen of Scots is understandable to an extent, and people may say she was a threat to the Queen and apparently had been ‘plotting treason’. Nonetheless, sending her back to Scotland or giving her a chance (instead of being imprisoned for 19 years) could have been a better option, thus the Spanish would not have as much as an excuse to invade.
Defeating the Spanish Armada was a large event during Elizabeth I’s reign. The weather was ‘on her side’ though, thus the Spanish had to surrender. The idea of a Poor Law to separate the ‘actual’ poor to the vagabonds is a good one, but considering nothing really changed on the poverty side of her reign, she was indeed unsuccessful.
Choosing not to get married is reasonable, but if Queen Elizabeth had not been obstinate and given the Parliament time to explain their views (to aid her country and herself), the Tudor reign could been extended if she had produced an heir.
Therefore, to conclude, I think that Queen Elizabeth I was a role-model Queen personality and mental-strength wise, but her stubbornness and refusal to accept some other people’s opinions resulted in many unnecessary casualties to not only herself, but also her country.
Thus, no, I do not think that Queen Elizabeth was a successful
queen, even though she was put in difficult situations. Conclusion The Spanish Success?
Defeat Spanish Armada (1588) -> England more powerful.
Weather played big part, not British troops.
Generally at unease with Spain.
Not successful - many religious problems (inc. Mary) gave chance for Spain to invade.
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