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Academy Award

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Enikő Kocsis

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Academy Award

History
on May 16, 1929
at a private dinner at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel
audience of about 270 people.
tickets was $5.
Fifteen statuettes were awarded
for their works during the 1927–28 period
the ceremony ran for 15 minutes.
Winners had been announced to media three months earlier; however, that was changed in the second ceremony of the Academy Awards in 1930. Since then and during the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11 pm on the night of the awards.
Background
In 1927, AMPAS was established by Louis B. Mayer.
"I found that the best way to handle filmmakers was to hang medals all over them ... If I got them cups and awards they'd kill them to produce what I wanted. That's why the Academy Award was created"
Mayer on the creation of the awards
Best film
Wings
American action silent film about two World War I fighter pilot friends, both involved with the same beauty
It was the only silent film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture.
The Statue
Made of gold-plated britannium on a black metal base, it is 34 cm tall, weighs 3.85 kg and illustrated a knight in Art Deco style holding a crusader's sword standing on a reel of film with five spokes. The five spokes represent the original branches of the Academy: Actors, Writers, Directors, Producers, and Technicians.
Cedric Gibbons, one of the original Academy members, supervised the design of the award trophy by printing the design on a scroll. In need of a model for his statuette, Gibbons was introduced by actor Emilio Fernández. He was convinced to pose nude to create what today is known as the "Oscar".
Name
The origin of the name Oscar is disputed.
One of the earliest mentions in print of the term Oscar dates back to a Time magazine article about the 1934.
Bette Davis (american actress) after her first husband Harmon Oscar Nelson
Academy's Executive Secretary, Margaret Herrick, first saw the award in 1931 the statuette's reminding her of her "Uncle Oscar".
The trophy was officially dubbed the "Oscar" in 1939 by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Nomination
94% white people
77% male
54% over the age of 60
14% former nominees
19% winners
Rules
previous calendar year, from midnight at the start of 1 January to midnight at the end of 31 December, in Los Angeles County, California
a film must be feature-length
Producers must submit an Official Screen Credits online form
members can vote only in their respective categories
Foreign films must include English subtitles
each country can submit only one film per year
Ceremony
presented at a live televised ceremony
in late February or early March
six weeks after the announcement of the nominees
first televised in 1953 on NBC
ABC Network until 2020
being held on Mondays at 9:00 pm Eastern
moved to Sundays at 8:30 pm Eastern
more viewers would tune in
Los Angeles rush-hour traffic jams could be avoided
broadcast length: generally three and a half hours
first Oscars, lasted 15 minutes
in 2000 the ceremony lasted four hours and four minutes
winners' acceptance speeches must not run past 45 seconds
The Show Must Go On
Only three times in its more than 80-year history has the Academy Awards failed to take place as scheduled.
In 1938
when massive flooding in Los Angeles delayed the ceremony by a week
In 1968
The Awards ceremony was postponed from April 8 to April 10 out of respect for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who had been assassinated a few days earlier, and whose funeral was held on April 9.
In 1981
The Awards were once again postponed, this time for 24 hours because of the assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan.
In 2003, U.S. forces invaded Iraq on the Thursday before the telecast. The show went on as scheduled, but the red carpet was limited to the area immediately in front of the theater entrance, the red carpet bleachers were eliminated and the majority of the world’s press was disinvited.
86th Academy Awads
on March 2, 2014
at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood
one week later than usual Olympics
hosted by Ellen DeGeneres (2nd time)
most watched Oscar ceremony since 2000
Winners
Best Picture
12 Years a Slave
It’s a historical drama film and an adaptation of the memoir Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup, a New York State-born free African American man who was kidnapped in Washington, D.C., in 1841 and sold into slavery. He worked on plantations in the state of Louisiana for twelve years before his release.
Best Supporting Actress for Lupita Nyong'o
Best Adapted Screenplay for John Ridley.
Best Director
Alfonso Cuarón – Gravity
2013 British-American 3D science fiction thriller and space drama film.
Best Original Score
Best Sound Editing
Best Sound Mixing
Best Cinematography
Best Film Editing
Best Visual Effects
Best Actor and Supporting Actor
Matthew McConaughey and Jared Leto
for Dallas Buyers Club
It's the fifth film to win both male acting awards
Best Actress
Cate Blanchett
for Blue Jasmine
the sixth actress to have won both Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress in her career
Best Production Design - The Great Gatsby
Best Costume Design - The Great Gatsby
Best Original Sceenplay - Her (Spike Jonze)
Best Animated Feature Film - Frozen
Best Foreign Language Film - The Great Beauty (Italy)
Best Documentary Feature - 20 Feet from Stardom
Best Documentary Short Subject - The Lady in Number 6: Music Saved My Life
Best Live Action Short Film - Helium
Best Animated Short Film - Mr Hublot
Best Original Song - "Let It Go" from Frozen
Other Categories
ordering pizzas
posed for a photo
posted to Twitter
breaking the record
Facts
The most successful films in Oscar history are Ben-Hur, Titanic and Lord Of The Rings: The Return Of The King. Each took home 11 awards – although Return Of The King was the only one of those to take home every award for which it was nominated.
The most nominated films are Titanic and All About Eve with 14 each.
The only sequel to have won Best Picture is The Godfather: Part II.
Midnight Cowboy is the only X-rated film to win Best Picture, although A Clockwork Orange also received a nomination.
Only 2 silent film colleted the Oscar for Best Film: Wing (1929) and The Artist (2012)
Walt Disney won the most Oscars in a lifetime: He collected 32 from 59 nominations.
Songs from stage musicals can’t be nominated for a Best Song Oscar.
The first black actress to win an Oscar was Hattie McDaniel in 1940 for Gone with the Wind.
The first colour movie to win Best Picture was Gone with the Wind (1939) but the last black and white film to win Best Picture was 72 years later (2011′s The Artist).
Only one woman has ever won Best Director — Kathryn Bigelow for The Hurt Locker (2008).
Halle Berry is the only woman of colour to win Best Actress (2001′s Monster’s Ball).
Only six men of colour have won Best Actor.
Best Actress nominee Meryl Streep broke her own record for most nominations ever received by an actor with 18.
Best Actor
Oldest winner
Henry Fonda
76 years, 317 days
Youngest winner
Adrien Brody
29 years, 343 days
The Pianist - 2002
On Golden Pond - 1981
Best Actress
Oldest winner
Jessica Tandy
80 years, 292 days
Driving Miss Daisy - 1989
Youngest winner
Marlee Matlin
21 years, 218 days
Children of a Lesser God - 1986
Best Supporting Actor
Oldest winner
Youngest winner
Christopher Plummer
82 years, 75 days
Beginners - 2011
Timothy Hutton
20 years, 227 days
Ordinary People - 1980
Best Supporting Actress
Oldest winner
Youngest winner
Peggy Ashcroft
77 years, 93 days
A Passage to India 1984
Tatum O'Neal
10 years, 148 days
Paper Moon 1973
Best Director
Oldest winner
Clint Eastwood
74 years, 272 days
Million Dollar Baby - 2004
Youngest winner
Norman Taurog
Skippy - 1930/31
32 years, 260 days
Thank You for Your Attention!
Questions
When was the first Oscar ceremony?
Who said that the statue looked like his Uncle Oscar?
Who hosted the 86th ceremony?
Who won the Best Actor award at the 86th ceremony?
Who is the youngest actress who won an Oscar in Best Supporting actress category?

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