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Copy of Making Inferences

5th grade lesson
by

Jamie Hallewell

on 27 August 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Making Inferences

How do I make an inference?
Background Knowledge
Text clues
Inference
Making Inferences
Making Inferences
I can read the text closely to see what it says and make inferences.
I can cite specific text to prove my inferences. (CLUES)
"Read between the lines"
Let's Try it!

"My Dog Peanut"

My dog Peanut is quite the little escape artist. She is a very small dog, but she can cause big problems. When I first got her, I had to find a place for her to stay while I was at school.
The first place that I tried was the laundry room. I set up her bed and some food and water and closed the door. This seemed to work very well. It was a nice space for her, and I did not have to worry that she would cause problems in the rest of the house. After a few days in the laundry room, Peanut decided she was not happy there.
When I came home from school, I found that Peanut had scratched the door and the wall trying to get out. She had worn a hole six inches long and three inches wide in the wood.

My next solution was to buy a fancy plastic dog pen. The pen came in pieces and could be arranged in a square or a rectangle of different sizes. I made a nice, large rectangle in my room and put her inside. For a couple of days, Peanut seemed to be fine in the pen.

Then one afternoon, when I came home I found Peanut sitting on the living room couch. I thought I must have forgotten to put her in the pen.
The next day, I made sure I put her in the pen. Again that afternoon, I found her on the couch.

I figured she must be jumping out of the pen, even though it was taller than she was. I put a sheet over the top of the pen, but when I came home, I found she had tugged the sheet down and jumped out again.

My next solution was to move the pen out of the center of the room. I put the pen in the corner so that were walls on two sides of the pen, my desk on the third side, and a chair blocking the front. The next afternoon when I came home, Peanut was not on the couch. Feeling very successful, I went into the office and found she was not in the pen either.
A little grunting noise soon revealed her location. She had jumped out of the pen up on the desk! Once she was there, she had nowhere else to go. My computer and printer blocked her path. I could only guess how long she sat on my desk before I got home.Finally I gave in and bought a new pen, this time with a cover on the top. She hasn’t been able to figure her way out of this one, yet.
from "My Dog Peanut"
What can you infer about dog behavior from this story?

A) Dogs will want to play no matter what time it is.
B) Dogs are lazy animals.
C) Dogs don't give up easily when they want something.
D) Dogs love their owners.
from "My Dog Peanut"
What can you conclude about Peanut?
A) She is unhappy.
B) She is big.
C) She is curious.
D) She is shy.
From reading the title, what predictions can you make?
Remember that an inference uses prior knowledge, like making connections (text-to-text, text-to-self and text-to-world) PLUS evidence from the passage.
Inferences (and drawing conclusions)

Inferences and conclusions are special kinds of guesses.

To make inferences and conclusions,
you have to come up with your own ideas, answers, and thoughts about what you have read.

Readers can make inferences and conclusions based on what a passage says.
The author of a passage may not tell you everything directly.

Some authors may "show" something by using special details.

As the reader, you have to look carefully and
find clues in the story
.






Then, you have to use your knowledge of real life to make guesses about what the clues mean.
To make inferences and conclusions:

Like a detective, look for clues in a story by reading a passage carefully.
Look for details about what a person does.
What do the person's actions tell you?
Look for details that describe a place or event.
Based on real life, what do those details tell you?
Make a prediction
(inference or conclusion) about a character or item in the passage.
Check to see if you can find a detail or sentence that led to your guess.

If you cannot find something to support your guess, then your guess might be wrong.
Examples: There are two ways to answer inference and conclusion questions. You can make a guess or support a prediction.
When you
support
an inference it is called
citing your text.
Landon was excited about his mother's birthday. He asked his older brother, Hunter, to take him to the store to buy a present.
"Sure, I'll take you to the store anytime. Tell me what you would like to get, and I'll take you to a store that sells it."
"I want to get her flowers. She loves them," Landon said.
"Great. I'll take you to the florist. How much money do you have?" Hunter asked.
Landon frowned. "None. Can I borrow some from you?"
"Sorry, little brother," Hunter said. "My money's gone. I would give you some if I had any."
Landon sat down at the kitchen table and put his chin on his hands. He looked out the window and tried not to cry. What could he do? Then he knew. Through the kitchen window he saw wildflowers in bloom. He saw pink, white, and some tiny blue splashes. He would just make a bouquet of flowers on his own. He could put the flowers in a jar and paint hearts on it. He felt better when he thought of how much his mom would love her present. He got to work.
Form an inference or draw a conclusion:

Use details in the passage to make an inference or conclusion.

Question: From information in the story, the reader can conclude that Landon...

Think: Look for details in the story about Landon.
He has a problem in the story because he does not have money for a gift.

Then, he comes up with a way to solve his problem.

He does not need anyone's help in the end.

He thinks of a special gift for his mom.

Answer: Landon can solve problems on his own.
Good!
Even BETTER!
Supporting an inference or citing your text

The question gives an inference or conclusion.

You have to show that it is correct.
Question: How can the reader tell that Landon and Hunter have a good relationship?

Think: Look in the story for details about Landon and Hunter's relationship.

When Landon asks Hunter to take him to the store, Hunter agrees.
Hunter also says that he would give Landon money if he had any.
You know from real life that people want to help others if they have a good relationship with them.

Answer: Hunter is willing to help Landon get a present.
Remember...
Cite your text!

What part did you underline that helped you make that inference?
Now that you're such expert inference detectives, try it on your own during Independent Practice!
Inference:
means to read between the lines or figure out hidden clues the author didn't provide.
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