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Transcript of Gatsby Presentation
Stock Market Crash
Stock market boom
The Great Depression in The Great Gatsby
Rich at first
Went to a lot of parties
Slowly lost money
Zelda became sick
Took out a lot of loans
stocks began to rise
strong upward trend
stock market boom began, everyone believed they could be rich
Signs of Trouble
March 25th 1929 the stock market suffered a small crash.
Spring of 1929 steel production went down, house construction slowed, and car sales waned.
The Summer Boom
June to August in 1929 the stock market prices reached its highest level.
Irving Fisher says that the stock prices reached a permanent height plateau and many people believe.
Black Tuesday- October 29 1929
If someone didn't have the money to buy stocks they could buy stocks on margin.
People could invest 10 to 20 percent of their own money and borrow 80 to 90 percent from a broker.
Known as the worst day in stock market history.
So many people began to sell that the ticker fell behind.
Everyone was selling the no one was buying.
Buying on Margins
The Great Depression
Over the next two years the stock market continue to drop and reached its lowest point on July 8 1932 .
There were massive suicides and people lost their entire savings.
Numerous companies were ruined and faith in banks were destroyed.
The stock market crash began to lead to the Great Depression.
How did it happen?
The Dust Bowl
Riding the Rails
End of the Great Depression
Before when people faced depressions farmers we're usually safe because they could feed them self but this time the plains faced drought and dust storm known as the Dust Bowl.
If people were homeless they stayed in a shanty town where the houses were build of materials that were free like driftwood cardboard and even newspapers.
Since people were unable to find jobs locally the begin to travel two other towns.
Presidential election and Franklin D Roosevelt won.
He created the
Men were trained to become soldiers and needed to build weapons and woman for the first time were able to find jobs and work in factories.
"The valley of ashes is bounded on one side by a small foul river, and, when the drawbridge is up to let barges through, the passengers on waiting trains can stare at the dismal scene for as long as half an hour" (Fitzgerald 26).
Valley of Ashes represents poverty and shows the beginnings of the Great Depression
The economy finally started running again which ended the Great Depression in the United States.
"It was a few days before the Fourth of July, and a grey, scrawny Italian child was setting torpedoes in a row along the railroad track" (Fitzgerald 29).
The Italian child lived in poverty and starvation
"I'd like to do more work on Long Island, if I could get the entry. All I ask is that they should give me a start" (Fitzgerald 35).
Mr. McKee had trouble finding a job, wanted to go to Long Island to make a living
"He borrowed somebody's best suit to get married in" (Fitzgerald 37).
George couldn't even buy his own suit for his wedding because he was poor
"A moment later she rushed out into the dusk, waving her hands and shouting - before he could move from his door the business was over" (Fitzgerald 130).
Myrtle's death shows the end of the American dream. She became the mistress of Tom because she wanted to better her circumstances but her death shows that there is no hope for her
Thanks for listening!
Major turn around for the US economy happened after the bombing of Pearl Harbor this was the start of World War 2.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. England: Penguin Books, 1926. Print.
"The Stock Market Crash of 1929 (Page 2)." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 July 2013.
"The Great Depression." About.com 20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 July 2013
In the novel The Great Gatsby written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, it is evident that the post world war one culture that he lived in impacted his writing through his use of symbols, plot, and time period.
"The lights in his house failed to go on one Saturday night" (Fitzgerald 108).
Gatsby stopped throwing parties and everything else started going in a negative direction from that point.
The Great Gatsby: SHSM Business
By: Keera, Serena, Beatrice, and Vincent
1920's Rolls Royce car
Valley of Ashes
The Green Light
* part of American Dream
* seen as status of wealth
* new found freedom
*cost $12,588 in 1920s
* yellow colour= attract Daisy & display wealthy status
* represents poverty & hopelessness
* lower classes want to leave but cannot
* ex. Myrtle dies
* Quote (Fitzgerald 28)
* confrontation shows rich look down on the poor
* ashes symbols of dead (self-centered, arrogant people)
* extravagant parties (number of guests, lights, food & entertainment)
* quote shows extreme measures Gatsby goes to impress others (juice)
* no guests know who Gatsby is (ludicrous stories), guests there to enjoy the glamor
* guests show up to prove their social status and to enjoy themselves
* ironic (parties to attract Daisy but she is not impressed)
* Gatsby’s over-the-top parties versus Tom’s party
Valley of Ashes
* green light represents his dream, which is Daisy
* green light described as ‘minute and far away’ makes it appear impossible to reach.
* green light represents society’s desire and materialistic dream
“This is a valley of ashes – a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of ash-grey men, who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air. Occasionally a line of grey cars crawls along an invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak, and comes to rest, and immediately the ash-grey men swarm up with leaden spades and stir up an impenetrable cloud, which screens their obscure operations from your sight” (Fitzgerald 26).
* “It was a rich cream color, bright and there in it’s monstrous length with triumphant hat-boxes and supper-boxes and tool-boxes, and terraced with a labyrinth of wind-shields that mirrored a dozen suns.” (Fitzgerald 33).
“Every Friday five crates of oranges and lemons arrived from the fruiterer in New York every Monday these same oranges and lemons left his back door in a pyramid of pulpless halves. There was a machine in the kitchen which could extract the juice of two hundred oranges in half an hour if a little button was pressed two hundred times by a butler’s thumb”(Fitzgerald 39).
* “…he stretched out his arms toward the dark water in a curious way, and, far as I was from him, I could have sworn he was trembling. Involuntarily I glanced seaward – and distinguished nothing except a single green light, minute and far away…” (Fitzgerald 21-22)
What is the American Dream?
The American Dream is traditional & social ideals of United States like democracy or material prosperity. However, in the Great Gatsby the American dream differs but it is the idea of if you work hard enough you can have everything you want.
Do you agree with the representation of the American Dream?
Do you think that Zelda Fitzgerald was the inspiration for Daisy?
Do you think Fitzgerald was more like Gatsby or Nick?