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Poverty in Paris in the Early 1800s
Transcript of Poverty in Paris in the Early 1800s
In the Early 1800s Poverty in the 1800s children received the worst treatment due to these stereotypical beliefs of the Bourgeoisie, and the poor status of their parents. Many were either abandoned, and became wards of the state, or remained in unstable home environments, where they were prone to child abuse and prostitution by their parents.
The poor class, also known as the dangerous class, caused great controversy, turmoil, and change during the 19th century. The majority of the Bourgeoisie looked down upon and despised the poor because of social stereotypes. The stereotype of the 19th century poor is that they were lazy, immoral, and sinful people who were usually beggars, criminals, or prostitutes. In some part this thought was correct; however, the impoverished were forced into prostitution, begging, and other sinful profession because of their destitute situation. The poor were often agents who tries to get government and church institutions to provide them with the needs they could not provide for themselves. Often times,
How Poverty Takes Part of
Les Miserable's Although stereotypically the poor were thought of as criminals, Hugo paints Eponine as a good person who was born into an unfortunate social class. Welfare was scarce and still under construction. Up until this point, most Catholic churches were the only form of charity provided for the poverty stricken.
During 19th century France, poverty made up a large portion of the population. Eponine and the Thenardiers just got by. Had she had the opportunities to receive welfare she might have been able to live more comfortably. Victor Hugo presents Eponine as a sympathetic character, he illustrates the poor through a spectrum of personalities.
Alexandre Dumas Dumas was always worried about the fact that he was biracial. Someone once insulted him about this fact and he replied, “It is true. My father was a mulatto, my grandmother was a negress, and my great-grandparents were monkeys. In short, sir, my pedigree begins where yours ends.”
In 2005, Dumas’s last novel, The Knight of Sainte-Hermine, was sold in France. It was not quite finished at the time of his death, so the last two chapters were ghostwritten by Dumas scholar Claude Schopp.
In 2002, French president Jacques Chirac had Dumas’s body exhumed and interred in the same place as Victor Hugo and Voltaire.
Despite his success, Dumas was often in debt due to spending so much on his mistresses. Though he was married to actress Ida Ferrier, he had at least four illegitimate children.
Dumas did not write his novels alone. He had several assistants who helped him with research. Some even outlined the plots of his novels for him and wrote early drafts. Dumas would then add dialogue and other details.
Vincent Van Gogh As a child, Vincent was serious, silent and thoughtful.
Vincent van Gogh suffered from temporal lobe epilepsy, hallucinations and mental illness.
When Van Gogh first began painting, he used peasants as models and later would paint flowers, landscapes and himself, mostly because he was too poor to pay the models.
It is simply amazing that Vincent created a total of 2000 pieces of art which included 900 paintings and 1100 sketches/pencil drawings.
Vincent van Gogh was a self-taught artist with little training.
Vincent van Gogh never had much formal training in art, however, he attended an art school for a few months in Antwerp, in 1885, which was four years before his death.
Unfortunately, Vincent van Gogh only sold one painting during his lifetime and it was called The Red Vineyard.
Van Gogh only became famous after his death.
In a short period of ten years, Van Gogh created approximately 900 paintings. Think about it - in just ten years, he created 900 paintings that are now known to be some of the greatest works of art ever created.
In 1890, Vincent van Gogh ended his battle with sanity and shot himself in a wheat field in Auvers, France, when he was only 37 years old, but did not die until two days later.
And one more thing... Ulysses S Grant Unlike many of his predecessors who were born in log cabins, Hiram Ulysses Grant was born in a small frame cottage along the banks of the Ohio River in a small village named Point Pleasant, to a leather tanner, Jesse Grant and his wife Hannah Simpson Grant on April 27, 1822. Although named Hiram, his family called him by his middle name Ulysses, or Lyss for short.
Upon graduation, Grant had no intention of keeping the military as his career and planned instead on being a professor of mathematics.
On August 28, 1848, Grant married Julia Dent from St. Louis, whose family held slaves. Grant himself owned a slave named William Jones, acquired from his father-in-law. At a time when he could have desperately used the money from the sale of Jones, Grant signed a document that gave him his freedom.
Grant's life in Galena was not as drab and poverty stricken as reported. He and his family lived in a seven-room house high on a hill in the best neighborhood in town. Julia had a servant, and did none of the housework herself.
On the day Lincoln was assassinated, Grant's wife Julia was stalked by John Wilkes Booth. If the general had accepted the invitation to go to Ford's Theater with the presidential party, there may have been a double tragedy. They went instead to Burlington, New Jersey, to see their children.
During his lifetime General Grant suffered intense migraine headaches which were sometimes reported as bouts of drunkenness.
Since boyhood, General Grant had an aversion to any kind of profanity, noting that it was a waste of time. No off color stories were allowed to be told in his presence.
In the heat of battle, when his staff officers were full of anxiety, Grant calmly smoked his cigar and never lost his composure. His nerves of steel were a wonder to all around him. He could write dispatches while shells burst around him and never flinch.
Throughout his life General Grant had a superstition of retracing his steps. Througho utthe war, this superstition turned into an asset in leading troops in battle.
At the beginning of the Civil War, Grant was working in his father's leather store in Galena, Illinois. The rise from clerk to General of the Armies, to President of the United States in seven years, was an unprecedented feat of accomplishment.
Dumas’s father died when he was a small boy, so he grew up listening to his mother’s stories of his father’s bravery in war. These stories spurred him to write such swashbuckling classics as The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo, and The Man in the Iron Mask. Dumas' writing earned him a great deal of money, but Dumas was frequently insolvent as a result of spending lavishly on women and sumptuous living. The large Château de Monte-Cristo that he built was often filled with strangers and acquaintances taking advantage of his generosity.When King Louis-Philippe was ousted in a revolt, Dumas was not looked upon favorably by the newly elected President, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte. In 1851 Dumas fled to Brussels, Belgium, to escape his creditors Poor Class The poor people of France protested against the government, they pleaded the case of the poor asking for government aid to be instituted into regulations. These citizens and the ones living in cities such as Paris were forced into a life of destitution and misery. Many women's clubs were started by women who came from small businesses or working class women or women from artisan backgrounds. Although the church and government could hear what the people of France we saying many people (especially women) struggled relentlessly to receive any type or charity and welfare. Les Mireables = 1800s Fantine's face is turned down to the ground, suggesting a sense of despair. She is projected in a costive, sympathetic light, with light shining down on her from above. Fantine is walking away from civilization, which is covered with a dark cloud. Many women in the 1800s just like Fantine were forced to walk the streets or work in brothels because they simply had no other choice.