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Ism Book

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Caroline Baxter

on 21 April 2011

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Transcript of Ism Book

Realism Famous Artists:
Jean-Francois Millet
Honore Daumier
Gustave Courbet
Thomas Eakins
Winslow Homer
John Singer Sargent
Rosa Bonheur
4 Characteristics:
Realistic depiction of life and nature
Depiction of the Common Man
Normally set in present or recent day

Realists strived against the Romantic movement of the time and wanted to depict what was REAL The realism movement was the starting place for impressionism. The Impressionists were also art rebels and went against the grain of society.In fact Manet, one of the first Impressionist artists is often included in the realist movement. (18th-19th century) 4 Characteristics Visible Brush Srokes
Depiction of light
Contrasting colors
Capturing the fleeting moment
Impressionism (19th century) Important Artists Edouard Manet
Edgar Degas
Pierre Renior
Mary Cassatt
Claude Monet
James Whistler

Like the realists, impressionists were also the rebels of the time, and used social observation in their art. The Impressionist movement tokk place in a time of change in France and their art reflects that. Impressionism effected the Post-Impressionism movement entirely (hence the name). ISM Book - Caroline Baxter The term Ipressionism Started with Claude Monet's Impression Sunrise. POst Impressionism Post Impressionists continued the tradition of Impressionists, they used visible brush strokes, a thick application of paint, and real subject matter. However, they emphasized geometric form and used unreal colors. (19th century) Famous Artists Georges Seurat
Paul Cezanne
Vincent van Gogh
Henri De Toulouse-Lautrec
Paul Gaugin 4 Charateristics:
Visible Brush Strokes
Real Life subject Matter
Use of Geometric Shapes
Unreal Colors

The Post Impressionist movement lead into Cubism ans Symbolism. The used of visible brushtrokes is continually used in both movements as well as the use of color. Symbolism (19th-20th century) The symbolism movement influenced both the art nouveau movement and the Les Nabis movement in the use of symbolism in art. Famous Artists:
Léon Frédéric
Ferdinand Hodler
Edvard Munch
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
Odilon Redon
Félicien Rops
Henri Rousseau
Giovanni Segantini 4 Characteristics:
Use of color to convey emotion
Depiction of Fantasy and Imagination
Depicts the Deeper meaning
The symbolism movement revolted against the ideals of the Realist and Impressionist movement. They took inspiration from the Pre-Raphealites and the Romantics. Fauvism 4 Characteristics:
Contrasting colors
Odd Perspective
Geometric Famous Artists:
Andre Derain
Henri Matisse
Charles Camoin Fauvism movement took inspiration from both Van Gogh and Cezanne. And like all art in the 19th and 20th century it took place in a time of great change. The Fauvism movement influenced the Cubism movement, in the use of bright colors and geometric themes. (19th Century) Henri Matisse
The Green Line Starry Night
Vincent Van Gogh The Gleaners
John Francois Millet
Impression Sunrise
Claude Monet The Scream
Edvard Munch Art Nouveu 4 Characteristics:
Curvilinear Shapes
Asymetrical compositions Famous Artists:
Gustav Klimt
Alphonse Mucha
Aubrey Beardsley
Art Nouveau was influenced by factors of nature and broke away from all previous art movements. Art Nouveau went on to influence the later style of Art Deco. late 18th- early 19th century Gustav Klimt
The Kiss Cubism Cubism was influenced by African Masks and egyptian profiles. It also took inspiration from the Fauve movement. early 1900's Signifigant Artists:
Pablo Picasso
George Braque
Robert Delaunay
4 Characteristics:
Sharp Angles
Geometric Shapes
Abstraction of an object
Large brush strokes Cubism went on to influence constructivism and futurism. Futurism The Dream
Picasso Notable Artists: Giacomo Balla
Umberto Boccioni
Carla Carra

Futurism was influenced by the cubism movement and the idea of anarchy. Giacomo Balla Futurism had a large influence in the art deco movement. early 20th century 4 Characteristics:
Depiction of movement
Broken Color

Street Light Expressionism Famous Artists: Auguste Rodin
Ernst Kirchner
Wassily Kandinsky
Franz Marc
Max Beckman Expressionism was inspired by the fauves and went on to inspire De Stijl. 4 Characteristics:
Flattened Space
Distorted perspective
Non Objective
Garrish Colors De Stijl Large Blue Horses
Franz Marc Piet Mondrain
Composition in Red Blue Yellow 4 Characteristics:
Spiritual Harmony
Primary Colors
Geometric Shaped
Famous Artists:
Piet Mondrain... that's it Mid 1900's De Stijl was influenced by cubism, as well as by the mysticism and the ideas about "ideal" geometric forms. Went on to influence the Dada movement Constructivism 4 Charateristics:
Socially important

Tatlin Influenced by Cubism and scientific advancement Inspired a new found passion for Sculpture and meaningful art. mid 1900's Suprematism The Monument to the third International
Tatlin Influenced by Kandinsky- This movment was later stopped by Joseph Stalin Went on to influence Minimalism Artist:
Malevich 4 Characteristics:
Basic Colors
Geometric Forms
Looks like a monkey could do it

Malevich Precisionism Influenced by Cubism and Futurism (sometimes called cubist realism) 4 Characteristics:
Features Abstraction
Depicts Modernization

Crawford Goes on to influence 20th century realism Figure No. 5
Charles Demuth Regionalism 4 Characteristics:
Rural scenes
Common Life
Depicted the every day man Artists:
Grant Wood
Thomas Benton Influenced by the mannerism and the theme of the impressionists. (Common Life) Later influences 20th century realist movements Grant Wood
American Gothic And if you like balloons... DADA 4 Characteristics:
Anti Art
Collage oriented
Marcel Duchamp
Max Ernst
Jean Arp
Chagall "Dada philosophy is the sickest, most paralyzing and most destructive thing that has ever originated from the brain of man." Influenced by World War I, Fauvism, Expressionism, and Cubism Started graffiti art The Fountain
Duchamp Surrealism 4 Characteristics:
Dream Like
The reallistic unrealistic
Chirico Was influenced by Dadaism, World War, and the communist movement. Went on to influence more postmodern art and some pop art. The persistance of memory
Salvadore Dali Abstract Expressionism Artists:
Kooning 4 Characteristics:
The way you paint not what
Was influenced by Dada, Cubism, and Surrealism. Went on to influence tachism and color field painting. Untitled No.3
Jackson Pollock Performance Art 4 Characteristics:
The antithesis of theater
Rebelled against "classic" art
Challenged the audience
Art is the performance
Yoko Ono
Vito Acconci
Chris Burden
Influenced by the urge to rebel and technology. Went on to influence movies and modern performance art Cut Piece
Yoko Ono Site Art 4 Characteristics:
Made on site
Preserved in photos
Blends into landscape Influenced by minimalism and nature. Went on to influence the expansion into various medias. Artists:
Smithson Spiral Jetty
Robert Smithson Minimalism 4 Characteristics:
Um minimal
unadorned Artists:
Flavin Was a reaction to abstract expressionism Later influenced fundamental art John McLaughlin
No. 17 Pop Art 4 Characteristics:
Popular Culture
Glorification of the everyday
Bright colors
Influenced by Popular culture and Dadaism. Went on to influence other popular art movements. Artists:
Andy Warhol
Robert Rauschenberg
Roy Lichtenstein
Tom Wesselmann
Richard Hamilton
Andy Warhol
Photo Realism 4 Characteristics:
Ultra Real
Made from Photos
Interest in light Influenced by Pop Art and Photography Went on to influence future realist movements. Artists:
Ralph Goings
Richard Estes
Chuck Close Ralph's Diner
Ralph Going Post Modernism 4 Characteristics:
Rebels against past architecture
Remade architecture into an art
Technologically Advanced
Influence from the break from previous modernism and technology Influenced the way buildings were made (computer programs) Artists:
Frank Ghery
Graves Walt Disney Concert Hall
Frank Ghery
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