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on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of Diwali

DAY 1: Dhanteras/Dhantrayodashi


Lord Dhanwantari emerged from the waters holding the knowledge of spiritual medicines of Ayurveda to help fight against sickness, disease and death.

What devotes would do:
worship Goddess of Wealth Lakshmi
worship Lord of Death for protection
purchase valuables light lamps
parents or grandparents accompany children to buy firecrackers and sweets
people spread firecrackers outside to dry so when the time comes it doesn't fail to perform
Day 2: Naraka Chaturdasi

Lord Sri Krishna released the world from darkness of fear and oppression in a legendary battle between the gods and demons.
This marked the end of the evil empire and the beginning of a new era of Light and Knowledge.

What devotes would do:
take ritual baths with herbs before sunrise
rest for the remaining day with friends and family
Day 3: Actual Diwali/Deepavali

Lord Krishna completed incarnation upon earth and left the world leaving behind pandavas and kinsmen in utter confusion.

What devotes would do:
worship Lakshmi, Goddess of Wealth
perform puja in the morning & evening for Lakshmi
clean house & make sure it's properly lighted
visit temples & other houses to distribute sweets & gifts
light up diyas (lamps), candles, & firecrackers
watch fireworks
Day 4: Padwa/ Kartika Shudda Padyami


The people of Braj worshipped the hillock Govardhan to save themselves from an impending storm unleashed by the fury of Indra, the Lord of Heaven.

What devotes would do:
in North India, people worship Govardhan
in temples of Mathura & Nathdwara priests give special baths to deities, decorate them & offer lots of food
in traditional households women honour their husbands and recieve gifts & blessings
in businesses, people offer prayers for luck & prosperity for the new financial year
Day 5: Bhayiduj/Bhayitka

Yamuna, th
e sister of L
ord Yama honoured her brother with a tali
k on his for
ehead and wished him a long life.
What devotes would do on the last day:
hers a
nd sisters express love and affection
ers pu
t ceremonial mark on their brother's for
d and wish them a long life
Important Symbols Used Throughout Diwali
BY: Ashlyn, Bethel, Krstina, Priya
A view of Diwali in India
Diwali or deepvali is India's largest and most important holiday in the Hinduism faith. Diwali is also popularly known as the "Festival of lights". This celebration signifies light over darkness and good over evil.

Celebration Of Diwali:
Diwali is celebrated between mid-October and mid-November.
This year it takes place on October 23rd and it lasts for 5 days.

Diwali is celebrated by hindu people
where there are followers or admirers of Hinduism.
Major celebrations in include:
United Kingdom
New Zealand
And other countries around the world with a notable Hindu population.
The Five Days of Celebration
Oil Lamps
Throughout this bright festival, small oil lamps are lighted and placed in:
rows along the tops of temples
in houses
set adrift on rivers/streams

Most Hindus often light a diya every morning and in the evening.
This represents the submission of one’s soul to the supreme power.
Traditional Clothing
Women- wear bright and vibrant saris, a long cloth often made in silk, chiffon or cotton. They also wear bangles and matching bindi's.
Men- wear bright and vibrant clothing. They can wear blouses, sherwanis and kurtas.
Rangoli/Kolam/Muggu is colourful folk art used in India where patterns are created on the floor using materials like coloured sand, rice, flour, or flower petals

Rangoll is not just for display and decoration, it prevents evil from entering the home.

Both positive and negative energy lurk in the atmosphere.
The reason why we say we must think positive is because we tend to invite positivity into the home by thinking constructively and being optimistic.

Rangoli designs are complicated so the negativity in the air gets entangled in the complexity of the rangoli design, failing to enter the house.

The rangoli absorbs evil and prevent negativity from harming the Hindu people
They also remind us to think positively, so we can make our lives prosperous.
Asato maa sad-gamaya
Tamaso maa jyotir-gamaya
Mrityor-maa-mritan gamaya
OM shaanti shaanti shaanti
(From Darkness to Light)
(Lead us from Untruth to Truth)
(From Death to Immortality)
(Om peace, peace peace)
The celebration of Diwali is for the "victory of good over evil" refers to the light of higher knowledge dispelling all ignorance.

The word Diwali comes from the Sanskrit word "Deepavali", which means "Rows of lamps".
The following mantra in Sanskrit throws light on the path one must adopt to attain peace + importance of light
The Diya is filled with:
oil-represents dirt (greed, jealousy, hatred, lust etc) that humans tend to nurture
The cotton wick represents the atman (self).
In order to attain enlightenment and unite with Brahman, one must get rid of materialism.
A diya gives off light when the wick, which is fuelled by oil, burns.
Swastika "good luck"
Girls and women dress attractively for this festival. They wear colourful clothing, new jewelery, and decorate their hands with henna designs.

Food- Snacks & Sweets

Gulab Jamun
Literally meaning 'spirals',
This savoury snack is shaped with a special hand-held nozzle.
Made from rice and chickpea flours, cumin, sesame and ajwain seeds, red chilli powder and turmeric.
The south Indian version, known as 'murukku' comes in different shapes such as ribbons and twists, and is made from urad lentil and rice flours
Gulab Jamun
Gulab jamun is best described as an Indian version of a donut immersed in a sweet syrup
Gulab means rose and jamuns are deep purple colored berries available in India
Usually made up of powdered milk, a pinch of all-purpose flour (optional), baking powder and clarified butter; kneaded to form a dough, moulded into balls, deep fried and dropped into simmering sugar syrup.
Time For a Quiz!!
The Class Activity
Opening Prayer
Diwali Prayer
A True Message of Self–Enlightenment & Enlightening to all

O cosmic power! Ignite our spirits for purposeful mission, inject positive energy in our brains, transmit divine virtues in our attitudes, and transform inner self on the path of Self–Enlightenment
O Infinite Intelligence! Charge the light of knowledge in our hearts, circulate the wave of creativity in our minds, stabilize thy adorable glory in our consciousnesses, and spread thy glorious radiance on our bodies.
O Super Consciousness! Pour purity of knowledge in our thoughts, lead our deeds towards self, super charge high intensive love in our all actions illuminate our life with glare and grace.

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