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Ancient Rome Literature
Transcript of Ancient Rome Literature
-Would last throughout the growth of the Roman empire.
-Sculpture and visual arts were copied from the greeks.
*Poetry was the only thing the Romans didn't copy from the greeks.
-Greeks inspired Roman literature.
Livy - Titus Livius (59 B.C. - A.D. 17) is a more important historian. He wrote a deeply detailed description of the early history in Rome. He lacked careful examination of his sources, making some facts not credible. Even though, his account of Rome is important testament to Rome.
Horace - Quintus Horatius Flaccus (65 - 8 B.C.) was a great lyrical, latin poet. His poems survived many centuries and proved to provide huge impacts on later European poets. His work in the beginning, was from a personal conviction standpoint to a more criticism of literature.
Plautus - Titus Maccius Plautus (Born in Sarsina, Umbria in about 254 B.C.). His plays were impressed upon by Greek New Comedy styles, which were less vulgar comedies depicting the lives of the middle and upper classes. His plays were written so that they kept audiences attentions the whole time to prevent them from seeking other forms of entertainment. Plautus was very good at modifying the play to keep the audiences attention.
The influence of Roman Literature
-Rome was responsible for the spread of the Latin Language, which has formed the basis for languages like English.
- Many writers have been influenced by the Romans including Shakespeare, Milton, Dante, and James Joyce.
Greek Influences on Roman Literature
Kaitlyn Buelow Megan Barchak
Mckenzi Marchand Jeanne Cox
Strabo - (63 B.C. - (21 - 24 A.D.)) was a geographer, historian, and philosopher. His most famous work is Geographia. This book mostly covers concepts on the history of geography in Europe, Asia, and Africa. He focused greatly on Homer's epics. Unfortunately, Strabo's 47 books covering history were lost.
*Roman literature was written in the Latin language.
*Some of the earliest works are historical epics, followed by poetry, comedies, histories and tragedies
-The Romans produced great poetry and prose.
Appian - Appian was a historian who is often overlooked of his contributions to Roman history. He wrote 24 books that provide precious accounts of Rome's history during the era of the "5 Good Emperors".
Virgil - Publius Vergilius Marco (70 B.C. - 19 B.C.) was born to a farmer, which meant his works were greatly influenced with rural farm life. Though after 30 B.C., Virgil dedicated his career to Aeneid, a classical masterpiece, which tells the founding of Rome. Unfortunately, Virgil was unable to finsih the Aeneid. though he did finish 12 books written powerfully.
Ovid - Publius Ovidius Naso (43 B.C. - 17 A.D.?) is considered, next to Virgil, as one of the most influential poets. His poems were called erotic, disrespectful, and vivid. His main style was elegiac poetry, which allowed communication between the poet and audience. More importantly a "love elegy", which has the poet enslaved in his love with a female figure. Ovid followed this form, but changed it to where he was not enslaved to a single female figure.
Seneca - Lucius Annaeus Seneca (3 B.C. - 65 A.D.) did many things in his life. He was apart of the Senate, the tutor of the future emperor Nero, and produced multiple tragedies and works. An example includes Oedipus. He was accused of conspiracy and ended up committing suicide despite efforts to live privately and focus on writing.
Terence - Plublius Terentius Afer (190 - 158 B.C.) was first brought to Rome as a slave, then later freed. His works were mostly based on the New Comedy of Menander. His plays were known to be more refined, making him less popular in return.
Famous Roman Literature Works
- "History of Rome"
- Written by Livy
- It took 142 scrolls to complete, only 35 remain today.
- Covered Roman history from the beginning to the end of the republic
- Written by Virgil
- Patriotically written, it showed the greatness and importance of Rome.
- It was believed by Virgil that men evolved through pains and trials to a society of peaceful order.
- It was named after Aeneas, the believed father of all that is Roman.