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Semicolons and Colons

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by

Kathie Zhang

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Semicolons and Colons

Semicolons and Colons! Welcome to... Welcome to Semicolons
and Colons! Want to learn how to use Semicolons and
Colons? Here's your chance! In this presentation, we will teach you how to use Semicolons and Colons. We will have a few activities to review and also some videos to help you learn more about them! How to use Semicolons: By Kathy, Elliot, and Casey Semicolon Fun! http://mrnussbaum.com/semicolonwars-play/ This is a game that will help you review
what you have learned! This is a video on how to use
semicolons! Review Quiz! Review Answers! Credits and Sources: How to use Colons! How to use Colons (continued): Colon Fun! A colon is a punctuation mark (:) used to draw attention to many things in your writing. A colon is used to announced a list or series; noun/noun phrases, or to quote something. A colon can also be used to join sentences together. A colon is used to connect two sentences when the second sentence summarizes, sharpens, or explains the first part of the sentence. Both sentences should be complete, and their content should be very closely related or have a cause and an effect situation.

Examples:
Lists/series
Noun/noun phrase (for some examples of sentences,
Quotation look on the guide >.< )
Example/ explanation Other than words; colons can also be used to express time, in titles, or as part of other writing conventions. Colons appear in several standard or conventional places in writing.

Examples:
Numbers- colons are used to separate units of time
Subtitles- colons are used to separate titles from subtitles

A colon can also come after the salutation in a formal business letter. It can be used immediately after the greeting in a formal letter (less formal letters tend to use a comma in this location).

Examples:
Dear Mrs.Anderson:

Do not put a colon directly after a verb or a preposition!! Semicolons are used for separating clauses in a sentence when a comma isn't strong enough and there is no conjunction. In more description, semicolons are only used when both clauses are independent, and when there is no conjunction. If a semicolon is needed, then both of these circumstances must apply to the sentence. This is a cute and fun song on all punctuation! Semicolon Information: www.dummies.com/ writingcenter.unc.edu/
Colon Information: writingcenter.unc.edu
Pictures Of Owls: www.clipartof.com
Shakespeare quote: www.brainyquote.com
Videos: www.youtube.com
Practice Questions: uwf.edu A nice review game of jeopardy for Colons: http://www.superteachertools.com/jeopardy/usergames/Feb201106/game1297081586.php 1.A. It is very late, I must go home, or my mother will be angry.
B. It is very late: I must go home, or my mother will be angry.
C. It is very late; I must go home, or my mother will be angry. Circle the correct sentence: 4.A. There were three reasons for Mark's success; integrity, industry, and a good personality.
B. There were three reasons for Mark's success: integrity, industry, and a good personality.
C. There were three reasons for Mark's success: integrity; industry; and a good personality. 2.A. These laws all have the same purpose, they protect us from trouble.
B. These laws all have the same purpose: they protect us from trouble.
C. These laws all have the same purpose; they protect us from trouble. 5.A. We slept and ate most of the day, later on we went for a walk.
B. We slept and ate most of the day: later on we went for a walk.
C. We slept and ate most of the day; later on we went for a walk. 6.A. Oscar took great care with his work, therefore, he was very successful.
B. Oscar took great care with his work: therefore, he was very successful.
C. Oscar took great care with his work; therefore, he was very successful. 3.A. The movie theater closed; we were locked in.
B. The movie theater closed- and we were locked in.
C. The movie theater closed: and we were locked in. 1. C. It is very late, I must go home, or my mother will be angry. The right answers to the previous slide: 2. B. These laws all have the same purpose: they protect us from trouble. 3. A. The movie theater closed; we were locked in. 4. B. There were three reasons for Mark's success: integrity, industry, and a good personality. 5. C. We slept and ate most of the day; later on we went for a walk. 6. C. Oscar took great care with his work; therefore, he was very successful. How to use Semicolons (continued): The two most common uses of the semicolon:
1. Use between clauses in complicated compound sentences.
2. Used to separate some of those items that already contain commas/ with items in a series already punctuated with commas. Firstly, semicolons are used to join two sentences (independent clauses). An independent clause is a group of words that can stand on its own. Semicolons can be used between two independent clauses.


Examples:
I went to the grocery store today; I bought a ton of fruit.
I have two kittens; I love them very much. Example for use #1:
For Mr.Fornale’s class, we have to write different types of writings: persuasive essays, personal essays, informative essays, and narrative essays; and open-ended responses. Example for use #2:
I bought shiny, ripe apples; small, sweet, juicy grapes; and firm pears.
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