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Transcript of Fletcher Henderson
TYPE OF MUSIC
- Henderson Fletcher Orchestra
- Ordinary Jazz band, not a jazz band
- Band had "raggy" influences in it
- One of the first big bands
- In 1924 Louis Armstrong joined
- Players like Roy Eldridge, Coleman Hawkins and Benny Carter were in it
- Integrated call and response in his music
- Copenhagen, Go 'long Mule, Shanghai Shuffle, Sugar Foot Stomp, and a reworking of King Oliver's Dippermouth Blues
INFLUENCE HENDERSON HAD ON JAZZ
- Became a principal model for big jazz bands
- Henderson had a gift for discovering raw talent
- Helped give birth to the swing era
- His orchestra became the leader for all big bands
"If you consider yourself culturally literate, you'd better know your Fletcher Henderson."
-Author, Jazz Critic & NPR's Fresh Air Contributor-Kevin Whitehead
- Accomplished piano player
- Put together groups for the company and this slowly evolved into him being a band leader
- Performed at little clubs and dances
- 1924 Henderson performed in the club Alabam on Broadway and was offered a position at the Roseland Ballroom
- Joined Don Redman, a saxophonist and arranger to create a new concept for Big Bands
- Born on December 18, 1897
- Graduated with a degree in Chemistry and Mathematics at Atlanta University
- 1920 he moved to NYC to find a job as a chemist but he was black
- Demonstrator with the Pace-Handy Music Company, an early black publishing firm
- Henry Pace founded Black Swan, the first black recording company and Henderson joined
History of Jazz 116
November 10, 2013
"What Don Redman did was invent a much larger orchestra by taking a woodwind instrument, clarinet, and two brass instruments, trumpet and trombone, and just expanded that," historian Gunther Schuller says. "They wanted to make the sound bigger and fuller and richer with more colors."