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Confucianism Map

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Andrew E

on 3 March 2014

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Transcript of Confucianism Map

Where Confucius was Born
Lu, China
Places of Origin

Countries
Confucianism
Spread to

Background info

Terrain

Himalayan Mountains
Confucius, Kong Qiu, was the founder of Confucianism. Confucianism can be explained a way of living where one acts as an example of others to follow, which is why some people argue that it is a philosophy rather than a religion. Its main message is to be Humane, Righteous, have etiquette, use knowledge, and to have integrity. Confucianism also is about setting good examples for other to follow primarily in the five relationships; ruler and subject, wife and husband, older and younger siblings, friend and friend, father and son.
Confucianism began in the Tang Dynasty in Central China.Confucianism was taught among the rich and successful as Confucius taught as a teacher among them. The religion was based on Legalism after the Qin Dynasty. It took away the harsh ideals of Legalism, it was used by Emperors as there main doctrine. It was founded in ideal terms not like other religions interpreting gods and higher beings but a way of life instead. But in the Han dynasty is was left opening up to Buddhism and Daoism.
Some other religions that were in China at the time were Daoism modernly known as Taoism, and Buddhism. These religions impacted Confucianism in a way that they are all ways of living. All three of the religions have principles that need to be followed in order to achieve something. The difference is that Daoism, and Buddhism teaches the way that one should live to reach Nirvana and Immorality. Confucianism on the other hand teaches how one should live to positively affect themselves and their relationships.
There has been many in practice, but other religions like Buddhism and Taoism which believed in gods and a greater higher power drifted people away. Then in the Cultural Revolution pe critiques such as Laozi’s philosophy Mozi’s critique, which had people drift away from people interpreted Confucianism as and the ideals of a slave owner so it received a lot of criticism. Even today Korea criticizes the practice. But it was never overcame the acts against it stopped most of the practice in China but a few still practice but mainly in private.
Other Religions
China as the most connected to this ideal as that is it’s main origin and it began all the way back from the Ming Dynasty. Confucius in the Ming Dynasty created Confucianism as a set as ideas which was practiced by the nobles and royalty during the Ming dynasty. It was practiced until religions like Daoism and Buddhism took over in China and people left the practice.
Confucianism Origins
Some other religions that were in China at the time were Daoism modernly known as Taoism, and Buddhism. These religions impacted Confucianism in a way that they are all ways of living. All three of the religions have principles that need to be followed in order to achieve something. The difference is that Daoism, and Buddhism teaches the way that one should live to reach Nirvana and Immorality. Confucianism on the other hand teaches how one should live to positively affect themselves and their relationships.
How China Influenced Confucianism
Before founding Confucianism, Confucius was politically opposed in his home state of Lu, known today as Qufu, in the Shandong Province. He was forced to leave the state and traveled to other states being threatened at each one. He was eventually welcomed back as a gentleman without any political power. Confucius longed to be an adviser of a powerful ruler to help shape his idea of an ideal world. He wanted his teachings to be interpreted later on by political philosophers into strict guidelines.
Confucianism was founded in China. China’s landscape formed when the Indian and Eurasian plates collided. This created the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The Plateau is 4000m above sea level, and then lowers gradually from east to west. The landscape varies from high mountain ranges and deserts. Roughly ⅔’s of the country is covered in mountainous area. Numerous rivers and lakes scatter the country. It has a warm climate with distinct seasons. Some coastland lines the eastern side of the country. Wild and plant life is diverse, providing an ample amount of species. Overall, the landscape of China provides ample farmland with a diverse wildlife.

Other Religions
Confucianism spread to Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam from China. Taiwan, being close to China with only a few miles of water separating the two countries. Korea and Vietnam are also within close proximity of the relatively large country. Eventually the countries fell under chinese control for some period of time. This allowed the rapid diffusion of ideas and religion between the country, Confucianism being one of them.
Things Against Confucianism
What Motivated Confucius
Where it was founded
Where Confucianism Spread
Confucianism is located in Eastern Asia. It is practiced in China, Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan, and the Chinese and Vietnamese disaporas. Confucianism began in China during Confucius’s lifetime between 551 and 479 B.C. Then in 109 B.C. Confucianism entered Korea, which was under attack by the Han Emperor Wu-Ti. During the attack, Confucianism found its way into Korea. In 622 A.D. Confucianism entered Vietnam while under the control of China. By this time China had control of Vietnam for over 511 years. Present day Taiwan was once part of China, so Confucianism was already rooted in Taiwan before it was its own country.
Where did Confucianism Spread
During the Han Dynasty in China, Confucianism was promoted to being the state ideology during the reign of Emperor Wu. As it spread, it later became the orthodox doctrine of Chinese society. Confucius was then glorified as a saint. As the Wei and Jin Dynasties approached, Confucianism has been coexisting with Buddhism and Taoism peacefully. After a struggle for dominance in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Confucianism won its orthodox role in Chinese society for the following 700 years. Many scholars devote themselves to the study of Confucianism and its application to the modern society at the time.
Forces Helping it Spread
When Confucius died, this caused the followers of the religion and the religion itself began to slow the expansion of the religion to other countries. During the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) Confucianism became what it is today, and it began to grow as a religion once more. Japan and China feuded mid-twentieth century for territorial reasons and the ideas of Confucianism got mixed up with the Imperial Japanese ideals and Western Chinese ideals.
Hindering the Spread
Globally, there are about six million, three hundred thousand people that practice Confucianism today.The regions today that practice Confucianism the most include China, Japan, the Koreas, Vietnam, Chinese and Vietnamese diasporas and other regions in Eastern Asia. In North America, about twenty-six thousand people represent and practice Confucianism mainly found in the United States.
Global Makeup
While Confucianism has spread all over the world the majority of Confucianists live in Eastern parts of Asia. One of the nations that Confucianism is popular in is Taiwan, where 93% of the population follow a mix of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. The majority of China follow the traditional religions of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism as well. Confucianism is also practiced widely in Korea and Vietnam, as well as some followers in Japan.
Most Populated Densities
Confucianism had helped china pull together and unite as as country. While Confucius was alive China had no respect for its countries leaders because they were at a constant state of war and political change. This all changed when Confucius died. Even though he did not write any of his teachings down, his disciples did and they spread his teachings throughout of China. His teachings told chinese leaders to live with respect and that people will naturally follow. The first Emperor to follow Confucius was Tang Kao Tsu who was the Chinese Emperor during the Tang Dynasty. After his predecessor died, him being apeople chancellor during the Sui dynasty, took the role as Emperor. Like Confucius predicted the followed him, the majority without question.
Today many people follow Confucianism. It has a major impact in China and it affects the lives of many people in asian culture. It teaches people to work hard in whatever they do, and it is taught as motivation in many schools in both China and Taiwan. As Paula Cohen describes in her trip to China “Many students I spoke to expressed their reverence for his teaching and told me that they were reading The Analects, the compilation of aphorisms attributed to him” (Cohen). The school children learn Confucius’s teachings at a young age and are expected to follow it when at school and at home. Confucianism plays a large role in the life of many children in not only China, but in all of Asia.
Confucianism and the people who follow it have faced persecution over the years. In Tokugawa, Japan between 1724 and 1804, confucianism was suppressed by Immanuel Kant. Immanuel was a philosopher and claimed that his teachings are supported by Shinto, Buddhism, and Confucianism. He taught at many schools in Japan. The last school he taught at had been persecuted to a point where students were not allowed to be Confucists. He said “The third [Confucianism] is a natural religion that condemns all statutes and tradition. At the end of the last century this religion was about to sweep the entire country because a prince was promoting it.. But finally the priests protested vehemently and demanded that this evil be checked since it caused their temples to be deserted, and so the religion was suppressed” (Bodart-Bailey). He claims that Confucianism is a work of the devil and uses this to take over the schools in Japan. Confucianism is rarely persecuted, but when it is persecuted it is persecuted very severly.
Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. "The Persecution of Confucianism in Early Tokugawa Japan."JSTOR. 1993.
Sophia University. 05 Dec. 2013 <http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2385128?uid=3739560>.
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"Where Is Confucianism Practiced?" Where Is Confucianism Practiced? Find The Data, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2013.
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Pecornio, Philip A. "Confucianism." Confucianism. 2001. 02 Dec. 2013 <http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/socialsciences/ppecorino/phil_of_religion_text/CHAPTER_2_RELIGIONS/Confucianism.htm>.
"Library." Exploration and Conquest. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2013.
Pecornio, Philip A. "Confucianism." Confucianism. 2001. 02 Dec. 2013 <http://www.qcc.cuny.edu/socialsciences/ppecorino/phil_of_religion_text/CHAPTER_2_RELIGIONS/Confucianism.htm>.
"Library." Confucianism Origins, Confucianism History, Confucianism Beliefs. 2008. Patheos. 30 Nov. 2013 <http://www.patheos.com/Library/Confucianism.html>.
How Confucianism Helped China
Persecution
Works Cited
Full transcript