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Democracy vs. Authoritarianism
Transcript of Democracy vs. Authoritarianism
A system of government by which the population electes a leader to represent them.
Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives.
Sweden has three levels of government: national, regional and local.
Sweden is a parliamentary democracy, which means that all public power proceeds from the people.
All Swedish citizens have the same fundamental freedoms and rights, irrespective of age, sex or origin.
Canada has a federal system of parliamentary government, where federal, provincial and municipal governments share government responsibilities
In Canada, both federal and provincial or municipal governments protect the individual’s rights and freedoms.
The Canadian Bill of Rights, passed in 1960, was the first federal law that specifically set out fundamental human rights for Canadians.
Poland is a parliamentary democracy, which means that all citizens can participate in ruling the state and have a constitutionally guaranteed influence on its fate.
The Constitution of the Republic of Poland guarantees respect for all the civil rights - the personal, political, economic, social and cultural rights and freedoms - regarded as standard of a democratic country.
The right to vote in parliamentary elections is held by all Polish citizens who are 18 and who have not lost their rights by a legal court decision.
South Africa is a constitutional democracy with a three-tier system of government.
The national, provincial and local levels of government all have legislative and executive authority in their own spheres, and are defined in the Constitution as "distinctive, interdependent and interrelated".
The SACRRF( South African Charter of Religious Rights and Freedoms) details what the legal and civil manifestations of the right to freedom of religion would be for individuals, groups and official organizations in South Africa.
United States of America
The United States government is based on the principle of federalism, in which power is shared between the federal government and state governments.
The outline of the government of the United States is laid out in the Constitution. The government was formed in 1789, making the United States one of the world's first, modern national constitutional republic.
The executive power in the federal government is vested in the President of the United States, although power is often delegated to the Cabinet members and other officials.
In other words a democracy is government elected by the people to help the people. The people of a democracy have rights and freedoms that they must be given by law.
An authoritarian government is ruled by one single person or a small group of people. People have very few rights and freedoms. Obedience to central authority is insisted upon. These types of governments are often made stronger by support of the military.
There are four types of authoritarian government. these are:
Nazi Germany 1939-1945
Adolf Hitler, after an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government in 1923, eventually became the Chancellor of Germany in 1933. He abolished democracy, espousing a radical, racially motivated revision of the world order, and soon began a massive rearmament campaign.
After Hitler was elected he turned Germany from a democracy into a directorship.
The Nazi government was ruthless and cruel, violent and intolerant. Here are some of the ways they ruled Germany:
Used violence to keep control of people
No freedom of speech or the press
No opposition allowed, everyone has to support the party and the leader
The Nazis hated other races of people
Hatred of democracy - the Nazis said that the German people existed to serve the government, not the government to serve the people.
Following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, the Taliban emerged as a resistance movement aiming to eject the Soviet troops from Afghanistan. The Taliban were driven by their religious beliefs.
From 1994-1996 the Taliban were a militia group fighting in Afghanistan. From 1996- 2001 the Taliban controlled up to 85% of Afghanistan. The Taliban controlled manly Afghanistan's major cities and highways.
The Taliban were notorious for the abuse of human rights. During their time in power they were involved of human trafficking, oppression of women and murdered any civilians that did not support their cause.
The Taliban are good examples of an Oligarchy
Nazi Germany is the most famous example of an authoritarian government.
In 1902 King Abdul-Aziz began conquering today's Saudi Arabia. Going from region to region he gained power and followers before becoming King of Saudi Arabia in 1932.
The kings since Abdul-Aziz death have all been his sons, and all likely immediate successors will continue to be from this blood line.
The King of Saudi Arabia is also considered the Head of the House of Saud and Prime Minister.
The King of Saudi Arabia is both head of state and the head of government, but decisions are, to a large extent, made on the basis of consultation among the senior princes of the royal family and the religious establishment.
Sparta was ruled by two kings. These kings would lead the army in times of war. In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families.
Sparta also had a council that created laws. The council was made up of the two kings and twenty-eight elders.
The Spartan government was harsh and kept a tight grip on things with their powerful military which was one of the most powerful at the time.
Following Kim Il-sung's death in 1994, he was not replaced but instead received the designation of "Eternal President", and his body was interred in the vast Kumsusan Palace of the Sun in central Pyongyang.
Political expression is tightly controlled in North Korea. Supporters of the government who deviate from the government line are subject to reeducation in sections of labor camps set aside for that purpose.
Labor camps in North Korea are actually areas of the country set aside for that purpose, Camp 22 (also known as Kwan-li-so No.22 Haengyong) is 31 miles by 25 miles with a population of about 50,000.
On top of being a Dictatorship North Korea is also a communist country so it is very unstable and living conditions are poor.