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shari mcclurkin

on 6 May 2015

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Transcript of Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's important source of fuel.
your body either resists the effects of insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal sugar(glucose) level.
Type 1 diabetes, which was once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin
Taking insulin
Types of insulin are many and include:
Rapid-acting insulin
Long-acting insulin
Intermediate optionsCarbohydrate counting
Frequent blood sugar monitoring
Eating healthy foods
Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight
An emerging treatment approach, not yet available,is closed-loop insulin delivery,also known as the
artificial pancreas
It links a continuous glucose monitor to an insulin pump.The device automatically delivers the correct amount of insulin when the monitor indicates the need for it.
Healthy eating
Regular exercise
Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy
Blood sugar monitoring
These steps will help keep your blood sugar level closer to normal, which can delay or prevent complications.

Complications of type 2
Type 2 diabetes can be easy to ignore, especially in the early stages when you're feeling fine
Although long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually, they can eventually be disabling or even life-threatening. Some of the potential complications of diabetes include:
Heart and blood vessel disease.
Nerve damage (neuropathy)
Kidney damage (nephropathy).
Eye damage
Foot damage.
Hearing impairment.
Skin conditions.
Alzheimer's disease
Type 1 diabetes can affect major organs in your body, including heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys.
Long-term complications of type 1 diabetes develop gradually, over decades. Good blood sugar management can help lower the risk of complications. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even
Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar(glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.
Heart and blood vessel disease
Nerve damage (neuropathy
Kidney damage (nephropathy).
Eye damage
Foot damage.
Skin and mouth conditions. Diabetes may leave you more susceptible to skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections.
Pregnancy complications. High blood sugar levels can be dangerous for both the mother and the baby
The decision about which medications are best depends on many factors including your blood sugar level and any other health problems you have
Generally, metformin is the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes it improves the sensitivity of your body tissues to insulin so that your body uses insulin more effectively.
. These medications help your body secrete more insulin.
DPP-4 inhibitors.
These medications help reduce blood sugar levels, but tend to have a modest effect.
SGLT2 inhibitors.
These are the newest diabetes drugs on the market. They work by preventing the kidneys from reabsorbing sugar in the blood. Instead, the sugar is excreted in the urine.
Insulin therapy. Some people who have type 2 diabetes need insulin therapy as well.

Insulin glulisine (Apidra)
Insulin lispro (Humalog)
Insulin aspart (Novolog)
Insulin glargine (Lantus)
Insulin detemir (Levemir)
Insulin isophane (Humulin N, Novolin N)
Full transcript