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Transcript of Alternate Sexuality
"'Alternative sexuality' can be defined as behaviours, identities, and communities that stand in contrast and/or opposition to socially and culturally dominant sexualities."
(Meeker, 2002) What are the Main Types of Alternate Sexuality?
-Gay/ Lesbian- "Homosexual orientation self-defined, affirmed, or acknowledged as such. Also refers to homosexually oriented ideas, communities, or varieties of cultural expression (e.g. styles, lifestyles, literature, or values)" (Hidalgo, Peterson & Woodman, 1985, p.8).
-Bisexuality- "Attraction to both males and females as sexual partners" (The Macquarie Dictionary, 2005).
-Transgender- "...Sexual orientation is not defined by her/his gender nonconformity, thus transgendered people may experience sexual attractions to females, males or both" (Nelson & Prilleltensky, 2005, p. 384). "One never knows when the homosexual is about, he may appear normal." TABLE 1
FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION FOR ATTITUDES
AND PURCHASE INTENTIONS Celebrity power;
social voices of discourse... What is Alternative Sexuality to you? Discourse Theory- Foucault Discourse
Alternative Sexuality Alex Chivell, Shimona Driver, Isabella Mitchell
and Joseph Spinosi
In order to provide a balanced analysis of our topic, we will discuss and provide examples of varying viewpoints.
We would like to clarify that our personal ideologies are separate from some of the ideologies expressed. Disclaimer Protests Movies Family Structures Advertising Telivision Shows Celebrities - We are the sum of our experiences
- Therefore our Knowledge dictates our Truth (meaning). Relative to time periods.
- Truth is Power
- Knowledge (schema) is therefore also Power.
- This is Discourse
- The dominant Discourse is therefore the dominant Truth of the time. (Makes itself "true")
- Regime of Truth
- Used to elevate some and therefore lower others Milgram (Influence on behaviour of Authority)
Zimbardo (Conformity to given roles. Can’t conform?)
Festinger - Cognitive Dissonance Subjective Experience
- De-humanization through Discourse?
Sexual Discourse Proliferated/Structured
- Taboo - not unspoken Media Theorist- Marshall Mcluhan
'The Medium is the Message' Other Theories
- For alternate sexuality
- For society
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/stonewall/player/ Reflection/Underlying Themes
- Communication Synonymous with Power
- Power Seeking?
- Everyday Interactions
Conscious or Unconscious?
Criticism? Liberator and Oppressor? Louise Pratt Do you think a change in legislation will change our ideological view points towards sexuality? Analysis of Language Used in Film
"Rob was sick. A sickness that was not visible like small pox, but no less dangerous and contagious, a sickness of the mind." (Like Freud and Ellis views in 1960s homosexuality was viewed as an illness. In terms of the nature versus nurture debate the creators of this film using the word ‘contagious’ implies the belief homosexuality was influenced by nurture (environment and experiences).
"Rob was a homosexual a person who demands an intimate relationship with members of their own sex." (‘Demands’ and ‘intimate’ create the idea that all homosexuals are forceful and they are all looking for an intimate relationship. This view is extremely one-dimensional).
"One never knows when the homosexual is about. He may appear normal." (Once again, that predatory paedophile undertone and the sentence ‘ He may appear normal’ communicates clearly that homosexuals are, in fact, abnormal). Journal Article Findings and Links to Theory
- Social Identity Theory
- In-group and out-group differentiation
- Self-concept and self-identity defined by membership within overall societal group of heterosexuals.
-Exposure leads to intergroup comparisons.
-Individuals- level of in-group favoritism toward heterosexual imagery in advertisements while also demonstrating a level of discomfort and disapproval toward advertisements—and items advertised therein—that feature homosexual imagery.
-Since most Australians, identify themselves as heterosexuals; these advertisements will be incongruent with mainstream consumers' self-concept and self-identity. (CoolOldVideos, 2012) (CoolOldVideos, 2012; Gough & McFadden, 2001) (Angelini & Bradley, 2010; Gough & McFadden, 2001) “All things are subject to interpretation. Whichever interpretation prevails at a given time is a function of power and not truth.” - Friedrich Nietzsche A man who says, 'I want to change, tell me how to', seems very earnest, very serious, but he is not. He wants an authority whom he hopes will bring about order in himself. But can authority ever bring about inward order? Order imposed from without must always breed disorder.
~ Jiddu Krishnamurti Over to you....
- What are some changes that can be made at the following levels to reduce the prejudice experienced by people of an alternate sexuality:
3) Collective (Hooten, Noeva & Hammonds, 2009, p.1235) What are the implications at the three levels of analysis?
3) Collective Alternative Sexuality in Pop Culture Why is it acceptable that these people are 'Gay'? Musical Influences Macklemore's 'Same Love' 'Man that's gay' gets dropped on the daily
we become so numb to what we're saying Lady GaGa's 'Born this Way' No matter gay, straight or bi,
Lesbian, transgendered life
I'm on the right track baby,
I was born to survive What do you think are some of the individual, relational and collective implications for the signing of divorce papers for people in such situations? (Hall, 2001) R References