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Plant and Animal Adaptations

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Caleb Allen

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Plant and Animal Adaptations

Prairie/Grassland Biome Michael
Lubahn Caleb
Allen Ben
Leonhardi Michael
Speltz Tropical Grasslands Temperate Montane Flooded Layers of Soil The dik-dik is a small antelope that is found roaming the savannas of eastern and southern Africa.
They are very elusive creatures that spend most of their time in the bushlands.
They have developed the ability to conserve water which makes them able to survive a long time without water.
They also have developed a creative get away from predator method… They zig zag back and forth to confuse the attacker. Dik-Dik There are more than 40 million donkeys spread out all over the world.
These donkeys are mostly domesticated and dwelling in undeveloped countries.
They have built up extremely strong digestive systems, much like the Bison.
The digestive system in most donkeys are so strong they can eat bark. Donkey The common Mongoose is found in almost every grassland in the world.
Much like the Prairie Dog (another one of our featured prairie animals) they have special camouflage fur along with the ability to burrow, but the Mongoose does have a little… bite. 
They are known to hold their own with extremely tough animals. A Cobra for example… Mongoose Bison live in open or semi-open grasslands as well as semi-arid lands and scrublands.
Often times they are found in roaming the prairies of North America.
The Bison have broad, flat-topped teeth that help to grind down coarse prairie plants.
They also have an extremely tough digestive system that has been adapted to break down tough grasses. Bison Prairie Dog’s are native to North America and are most predominately found in the northern area of the continent.
They live in environments that can get up to 100 degrees Fahrenheit and down to -35!
They fight these extreme temperatures by burrowing tunnels and hibernating in the cold season.
The Prairie Dog has a special camouflaged fur, which along with a special call they use to alert there fellow dogs of potential danger, helps them to avoid predators. Prairie Dog Caleb Allen Animal Adaptations It has adapted to damp, rich soil, pH 6 - 7, in full sun or partial shade, and lots of moisture, but also can withstand harsh droughts. Additional Stinging Neddle Habitat ranges from stream banks, disturbed sites, ditches, moist lowland woods, thickets, fence rows; moist soil.
Skin contact with the stinging hairs of this species can be very irritating.
It has been used as a medicine in Europe for over 2,000 years. It can be turned into a tea made from the leaves and stems. This tea has been used to stop bleeding. Stinging nettle seems to have a lot of medical uses, but the nettle root is known to be a diuretic and to give relief from prostate problems. Stinging Nettle The preference is full sun, dry conditions, and poor soil containing clay or stony material.
Habitats include upland areas of black soil prairies, gravel prairies, hill prairies, limestone glades, dry savannas, eroding clay banks, pastures and abandoned fields, and areas along roadsides and railroads. Common Fleabane Buffalo grass grows best in clay and loam soils. It is tolerant of drought, extreme heat and high winds.
In Texas, buffalo grass is commonly found from the south central region westward to El Paso and north to the High Plains and Rolling Plains.
Buffalo grass is not adapted to shaded sites or to sites that receive heavy traffic. Buffalo Grass Prairie coneflower is a native to the Great Plains which stretches from south central Canada to northern Mexico, and west from Manitoba and Minnesota to southeastern Idaho.
It prefers to grow in the dry, open spaces of prairie grasslands and mountain foothills and is found along roadsides, in waste and disturbed areas, and along railroad rights-of-way.
It has adapted to shallow sand, shallow to gravel, clay and silty steep soil types of the rugged prairie. Sweet Coneflower Habitats include black soil, clay, gravel, dolomite, sand, hill, savannas, sandy savannas, grassy fens, limestone and sandstone glades, roadsides, and fallow fields.
Big Bluestem is often used in prairie restorations and it is occasionally used as an ornamental grass in horticulture.
Adaptations-its adapted to the clay and sandy soils of the prarie. Big Blue Stem Grass The plants we researched:
Big Blue Stem Grass
Sweet Coneflower
Buffalo grass
Common Fleabane
Stinging Needle Prairie Plant Adaptations
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