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Legit Senior Project
Transcript of Legit Senior Project
Politic&Law hr. 4
Senior Project Texting and Drunk Driving Drunk Driving drunk driv·ing
The crime of driving a vehicle with an excess of alcohol in the blood. Distracted Driving Any activity that could divert a person's attention away from the primary task of driving.
All distractions endanger driver, passenger, and bystander safety. Drunk Driving Facts/ Stats (cont...) 1,903 (7 percent) of DWIs were issued to drivers less than 21 years of age.
One out of every seven licensed drivers in Minnesota has at least one DWI What Is Considered Distracted Driving? Taking your eyes off the road, hands off the wheel, and mind away from driving safely.
Any non-driving thing you do is considered a distraction and increases your chances of crashing. What is Distracted Driving (cont...) - Texting/ using a cell phone or smartphone
-Eating and drinking
-Talking to passengers
-Reading, including maps/ using GPS
-Watching a video
-Adjusting a radio, CD player, or MP3 player If It's So Dangerous, Why Do People Do It? Don't know how dangerous distracted driving is
Others know about the risks but still do it anyway.
Others lead busy and stressful lives and use their cell phones to stay connected with family, friends, and co-workers. Facts/ Stats In 2010, 3092 people were killed in crashes involving a distracted driver and an estimated additional 416,000 were injured in motor vehicle crashes involving a distracted driver.
11% of all drivers under the age of 20 involved in fatal crashes were reported as distracted at the time of the crash. This age group has the largest proportion of drivers who were distracted.
40% of all American teens say they have been in a car when the driver used a cell phone in a way that put people in danger. Facts/ Stats Text messaging creates a crash risk 23 times worse than driving while not distracted
Sending or receiving a text takes a driver's eyes from the road for an average of 4.6 seconds (the equivalent-at 55 mph-of driving the length of an entire football field, blind)
Drivers on mobile phones are more impaired than drivers at .08 BAC Minnesota Driving Laws Minnesota has 3 major laws regarding distracted driving.
1) Ban on all cell phone use (handheld and hands-free) for bus drivers (Primary law)
2) Ban on all cell phone use (handheld and hands-free) for novice drivers (Primary law)
3) Ban on texting for all drivers (Primary law) Facts/ Stats About 23% of auto accidents involved cell phones (about 1.3 million accidents)
Texting makes a crash 23x more likely
Dialing makes a crash 2.8x more likely
Talking or listening makes a crash 1.3x more likely
Reaching for device makes a crash 2.4x more likely Facts/ Stats About 13% of drivers 18-20 involved in accidents admit to using their cell phone at the time of the accident
Teens who text and drive are out or their driving lane up to 10% of the time
1 in 5 drivers confess to surfing the web and driving What Is Drunk Driving? Operating or driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs to the degree that mental and motor skills are impaired Drunk Driving Facts/ Stats In the United States, the number of drunk driving deaths has been cut in half since MADD(Mothers Against Drunk Driving) was founded in 1980.
In 2010, 211 children were killed in drunk driving crashes. Out of those 211 deaths, 131 (62 percent) were riding with the drunk driver.
In 2009, 11 percent of the people who died in distracted driving crashes were teens 15 to 19 years old. Out of all the teens who died in crashes in 2009, 18 percent died in crashes that involved distracted driving. Fifteen percent of teen drivers who were involved in fatal crashes were distracted at the time of the crash. Drunk Driving Facts/ Stats (cont...) The average BAC among fatally injured drinking drivers is .16
The relative risk of death for drivers in single-vehicle crashes with a high BAC is 385 times that of a zero-BAC driver and for male drivers the risk is 707 times that of a sober driver, according to estimates by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).
High BAC drivers tend to be male, aged 25-35, and have a history of DWI convictions and polydrug abuse. Drunk Driving Facts/Stats (cont...) 368 people died in traffic crashes in Minnesota and 111 (30 percent) were crashes involving drunk drivers.
2,375 people suffered injuries in alcohol-related crashes.
29,257 motorists were arrested for DWIs (an average of 81 DWIs per day). Drunks Driving Facts/Stats (cont...) 76 percent of motorists arrested for DWI resulted in a criminal conviction for driving while impaired; this percentage will increase as outstanding cases are settled in courts.
12,103 (41 percent) of these violators had at least one prior DWI. Drunk Driving Facts Alcohol-related accidents are determined if the driver, a passenger, or non-motorist (such as a pedestrian or pedal cyclist) had a blood alcohol content (BAC) of 0.01% or greater.
Nonfatal collisions are alcohol-related if the accident report indicates evidence of alcohol present.
Alcohol-related does not always mean a driver or non occupant was tested for alcohol and that the term does not indicate a collision or fatality was caused by the presence of alcohol.
About 60% of the BAC values are missing or unknown.
Drivers with a BAC of 0.10% are 6 to 12 times more likely to get into a fatal crash or injury than drivers with no alcohol Works Cited http://www.distraction.gov/content/get-the-facts/facts-and-statistics.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Driving_under_the_influence Common Terms driving under the influence (DUI)
driving while intoxicated (DWI)
operating while impaired (OWI)
operating a vehicle under the influence (OVI)