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Chapter 5: Styles and Strategies
Transcript of Chapter 5: Styles and Strategies
Yaliz Cintrón Alvira
INGL-4325 Sec. 001
Prof. Maritza Santana
Chapter 5: Styles and Strategies
The way we learn things in general and the way we attack a problem.
How learners perceive, interact with, and respond to the learning environment.
"General predisposition" toward processing information in a particular way.
Mediate between emotion and cognition.
Left- and Right-Brain Dominance
Reflectivity and Impulsivity
Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic styles
Autonomy, Awareness, and Action
Process, Style, and Strategy
: A series of actions, changes, or functions bringing about a result.
: Is a term that refers to consistent and rather enduring tendencies or preferences within an individual.
: Are specific methods of approaching a problem or task, modes of operation for achieving a particular end, planned designs for controlling and manipulating certain information.
Field Independent style
: Your ability to perceive a particular, relevant item or factor in a "field" of distracting items.
is associated with logical, analytical thought, with mathematical and linear processing of information.
perceives and remembers visual, tactile, and auditory images; it is more efficient in processing holistic, integrative, and emotional information.
: Is someone relatively open-minded, that is, more content than others to entertain and even internalize contradictory propositions.
: To make a slower and more calculated decision.
: To make a quick or gambling guess at an answer to a problem.
Visual: Learners tend to prefer reading and studying charts, drawings, and other graphic information.
Auditory: Learners prefer to listening to lectures and audiotapes.
Kinesthetic: Learners will show a preference for demonstrations and physical activity involving bodily movement.
: To become aware of what language learning is all about and what they could do to become better learners.
: To allow the learners to take charge of their own learning.
: Once learners become aware of their predispositions, styles, strengths and weaknesses, they can take the appropriate action in the form of the many strategies that are available to them.
A little icebreaker for you...
Field Dependent style
: Is, conversely, the tendency to be "dependent" on the total field so that the parts embedded within the field are not easily perceived, although that total field is perceived more clearly as a unified whole.
: Is someone more close-minded and dogmatic, they wish to see every proposition fit into an acceptable place in their cognitive organization, and if it does not fit, it is rejected.
Look at the list of differences between right and left brain processing in the table 5.1. Check or circle the side that corresponds to your own preference and total the items on each side. Are you right or left brain dominant? Does this result match your general perception of yourself?